Middelalderudgivelser

Vi udgiver så meget, som vi kan, men vi er ikke alene. Vi vil derfor gerne fremhæve nogle af de interessante udgivelser, der kommer fra andre forlag.
Da vi ikke opdager alle bøger lige ved udgivelsen er de nyest tilføjede markeret med et (ny) efter titlen.
Vi vil først og fremmest gerne henvise til indkøb hos udgiver, da det giver bedst muligt økonomisk grundlag for de enkelte forlag.
Ellers vil vi gerne henvise til egne søgninger.

For danske udgivelser er www.bogpriser.dk rigtig god ellers www.amazon.co.uk
/www.amazon.de mv.

Februar 2018

Margaret Kadoyama: Museums Involving Communities - Authentic Connections

Margaret Kadoyama: Museums Involving Communities - Authentic Connections (Ny)
174 sider, Routledge.

Museums Involving Communities: Authentic Connections explores how museums can become more active and also considers how they might involve members of their local communities in their everyday work. Examining the key components of the museum–community relationship, this booklooks at both the impact of museums on the cultural and civic lives of local communities and the impact of local communities on the programs, collections, and organizational culture of museums. Advocating an accessible and inclusive approach to museum management, Kadoyama focuses on the role of museum leadership in fostering and deepening community relationships. The result offers insights into how relationships between communities and museums can be forged in practice, how museums can be involved in building healthier communities, and how community engagement strategies can be developed, implemented, and evaluated successfully. Written by an experienced museum professional with extensive experience in community involvement and audience development, Museums Involving Communities is key reading for museum workers looking to make an impact, while building long-term relations with local communities, to the benefit of both museum and community. It should also be of great interest to students taking courses in museum and heritage studies.

Grant S. McCall: Strategies for Quantitative Research - Archaeology by Numbers

Grant S. McCall: Strategies for Quantitative Research - Archaeology by Numbers (Ny)
224 sider, Routledge.

It is little secret that most archaeologists are uneasy with statistics. Thankfully, in the modern world, quantitative analysis has been made immensely easier by statistical software packages. Software now does virtually all our statistical calculations, removing a great burden for researchers. At the same time, since most statistical analysis now takes place through the pushing of buttons in software packages, new problems and dangers have emerged. How does one know which statistical test to use? How can one tell if certain data violate the assumptions of a particular statistical analysis? Rather than focusing on the mathematics of calculation, this concise handbook selects appropriate forms of analysis and explains the assumptions that underlie them. It deals with fundamental issues, such as what kinds of data are common in the field of archaeology and what are the goals of various forms of analysis. This accessible textbook lends a refreshing playfulness to an often-humorless subject and will be enjoyed by students and professionals alike.

 

Patricia Skinner: The Welsh and the Medieval World - Travel, Migration and Exile

Patricia Skinner: The Welsh and the Medieval World - Travel, Migration and Exile (Ny)
336 sider, University of Wales Press.

How did the Welsh travel beyond their geographical borders in the Middle Ages? What did they do, what did they take with them, and what did they bring back?
 
The first book to study the medieval Welsh on the move, The Welsh and the Medieval World offers a multidisciplinary entry point into Welsh migration and showcases a bold new generation of Welsh historians. Edited by historian Patricia Skinner, this book is an exploration of identity within and outside the Welsh territories. Deep considerations of the Welsh abroad draw upon wider concepts of nationhood, diaspora, and colonization; economic migration; gender relations; and the pursuit of educational, religious, and cultural opportunities. Contributors ask whether there is anything specifically “Welsh” about the experiences of medieval migrants and correspondents, and they study how these medieval experiences contribute to the broader history of emigration and exchange.
 
Examining archaeological, historical, and literary evidence together, The Welsh and the Medieval World enables a better understanding of the ways in which people from Wales interacted with and understood their near and distant neighbours.

 

Peter Mitchell: The Donkey in Human History - An Archaeological Perspective

Peter Mitchell: The Donkey in Human History - An Archaeological Perspective (Ny)
320 sider, Oxford Academic Press.

The first Global study of the donkey's place in human history

Strongly grounded in archaeology, the book emphasizes the diversity and wealth of material evidence available for understanding donkeys in human history

Interdisciplinary focus; Using historical and anthropological sources

Draws on French, Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese sources

Extensively illustrated; 100+ images and 16 page plate section

 

Peter H. Wilson: Lützen

Peter H. Wilson: Lützen (Ny)
272 sider, Oxford Academic Press.

The Great Battles Series. The story of the world's most important battles - how they were fought, how they have been commemorated, and the long historical shadows that they have cast

The story of the Battle of Lützen - one of the most famous battles in the Thirty Years' War

Challenges the accepted view that Lützen was a milestone in military development, arguing that its significance lies more in the political and cultural sphere

How the battle has been remembered, from the immediate aftermath to the present day - and what this tells us

 

Matthias Pohlig (ed.) & Michael Schaich (ed.): The War of the Spanish Succession - New Perspectives

Matthias Pohlig (ed.) & Michael Schaich (ed.): The War of the Spanish Succession - New Perspectives (Ny)
488 sider, Oxford Academic Press.

One of very few books in the English language dealing with this major early modern war

Presents cutting-edge research by established scholars in the field

Challenges traditional narratives on international relations and the logistics of warfare in the early eighteenth century

Offers new perspectives on the conflict, including the public representation of the fighting and colonial dimensions

 

Gwilym Dodd (ed.): Fourteenth Century England X (Ny)
218 sider, Boydell Press.

Drawing on a diverse range of documentary, literary and material evidence, the essays collected here consider a wide range of important issues for the period. Political and institutional history is addressed in essays on Edward II's personal expenditure and the development and workings of parliament, including an analysis of those neglected "parliamentarians" of the period, the parliamentary proctors. Important new insights into the social history of the fourteenth century are provided by chapters on marriage and the accumulation of lay estates, the brokerage of royal wardship and the important and difficult subject of sexual violence towards under-age girls. Another chapter considers the enormously costly and complex task of feeding and supplying medieval armies across the "long" fourteenth century, while two final pieces offer important new insights into the material culture of the age, focusing in turn on St Stephen's Chapel, Westminster, and the phenomenon of royal reburial. Richly textured with personal and local detail, these new studies provide numerous insights into the lives of great and small in this fascinating period of medieval history.

 

Christopher Gerrard (ed.) & Alejandra Gutierrez (ed.): The Oxford Handbook of Later Medieval Archaeology in Britain

Christopher Gerrard (ed.) & Alejandra Gutierrez (ed.): The Oxford Handbook of Later Medieval Archaeology in Britain (Ny)
968 sider, Oxford University Press.

Provides comprehensive coverage of the latest research

Describes the major projects and concepts that are changing our understanding of our medieval heritage

Well illustrated, 200+ images

 

Ralph Houlbrooke: Love and Dishonour in Elizabethan England - Two Families and a Failed Marriage

Ralph Houlbrooke: Love and Dishonour in Elizabethan England - Two Families and a Failed Marriage (Ny)
290 sider, Boydell press.

The marriage of Charles and Elizabeth Forth (c. 1582-1593) offers an intriguing insight into the politics of gender, family and religion in Elizabethan England. In this story, resourceful women play leading roles, sometimes circumventing or subverting patriarchal authority, qualifying our accepted image of the Elizabethan propertied family. Elizabeth's impoverished Catholic father took no part in making her marriage. Instead, Elizabeth and her mother seemingly enticed Charles, sixteen-year-old heir of a solidly Protestant Suffolk JP, into a clandestine match. When the marriage began to fail, Elizabeth turned to her mother and sisters as her principal sources of support and showed greater guile, determination and resilience than her husband in what became a protracted contest. Charles, convinced of his wife's infidelity, finally left England to travel as a voluntary exile, only to die abroad. Elizabeth and her kinsman Henry Jerningham emerged as victors in subsequent prolonged litigation with Charles's father.
Drawing on extensive testimony and decrees in the most fully recorded case of its kind heard by the Court of Requests, as well as a wide range of other material from local record offices and the National Archives, this readable micro-history unravels the tangled story of two very different young people. It establishes the background of the marriage and its failure in the contrasting histories of the families involved and sets the story in its larger political and religious contexts. Anyone with an interest in Elizabethan politics, law and religion, or the family, women and gender, will find it fascinating.

Vivian Etting: Borgene på Samsø - En arkæologisk jagt på historien bag øens fem middelalderborge

Vivian Etting: Borgene på Samsø - En arkæologisk jagt på historien bag øens fem middelalderborge (Ny)
197 sider, Syddansk Universitetsforlag.

På Samsø var der i middelalderen ikke mindre end fem borge. De kan følges helt tilbage til 1100-tallet, men deres historie har hidtil været stort set ukendt. Kun voldstederne og ganske få bygningsrester er tilbage, og borgenes datering, konstruktion og indbyrdes sammenhæng har været et åbent spørgsmål.

Denne bog fortæller om den spændende jagt på historien bag de fem middelalderborge.

Fra 2008 til 2012 gennemførte Nationalmuseet, Økomuseum Samsø, Moesgaard Museum og Kulturstyrelsen et større forskningsprojekt med udgravninger på alle fem voldsteder. Det har givet et fantastisk indblik i borgenes historie og magtforholdene på Samsø gennem middelalderen med tråde helt op til i dag.

Borgene er vidt forskellige i konstruktion og størrelse, og spænder lige fra Vesborg som et af landets største borganlæg til det lille Blafferholm. Dramatiske historier er knyttet til borgene som marsk Stigs plyndring af Gl. Brattingsborg i 1289, og Valdemar Atterdags krige mod Sverige, Hansestæderne, Mecklenburg og Holsten 1367-70.

Rigshistorie og lokalhistorie bliver her uløseligt knyttet sammen.

Christina Johansson & Pieter Bevelander: Museums in a time of Migration - Rethinking museums' roles, representations, collections, and collaborations

Christina Johansson & Pieter Bevelander: Museums in a time of Migration - Rethinking museums' roles, representations, collections, and collaborations (Ny)
262 sider, Nordic Academic Press.

Migration in all its forms is a prominent phenomenon, with far-ranging implications for society. Museums, being important educational institutions, not only reflect society, but what they display has the potential to affect our understanding of the world. When museums become places where people can explore the realities of migration, transnational connections, and human rights, they becomeeven more relevant as cultural institutions, and can help drive positive social change, encouraging solidarity and sustainable development. In Museums in a time of migration, leading scholars and museum curators reflect on museums engagement in migration issues. New and innovative museum projects around the world are presented in telling analyses of the theoretical and practical realities. Special attention is paid to the museums roles, representations, collections, and collaborations in a time of migration.

Januar 2018

Ian Gregory (ed.), Don DeBats (ed.) & Don Lafreniere (ed.): The Routledge Companion to Spatial History

Ian Gregory (ed.), Don DeBats (ed.) & Don Lafreniere (ed.): The Routledge Companion to Spatial History (Ny)
636 sider, Routledge.

The Routledge Companion to Spatial History explores the full range of ways in which GIS can be used to study the past, considering key questions such as what types of new knowledge can be developed solely as a consequence of using GIS and how effective GIS can be for different types of research.

Global in scope and covering a broad range of subjects, the chapters in this volume discuss ways of turning sources into a GIS database, methods of analysing these databases, methods of visualising the results of the analyses, and approaches to interpreting analyses and visualisations. Chapter authors draw from a diverse collection of case studies from around the world, covering topics from state power in imperial China to the urban property market in nineteenth-century Rio de Janeiro, health and society in twentieth-century Britain and the demographic impact of the Second Battle of Ypres in 1915.

Critically evaluating both the strengths and limitations of GIS and illustrated with over two hundred maps and figures, this volume is an essential resource for all students and scholars interested in the use of GIS and spatial analysis as a method of historical research.

 

Jonathan Betts: Marine Chronometers at Greenwich - A Catalogue of Marine Chronometers at the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich

Jonathan Betts: Marine Chronometers at Greenwich - A Catalogue of Marine Chronometers at the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich (Ny)
784 sider, Oxford Academic Press.

Fifth volume in a series of illustrated books of the instrument collections at the National Maritime Museum

Complete description and analysis of the collection, including full technical data

Full colour photography of every instrument

Includes new research into the history of the marine chronometer

Provides details on how the instruments were made and how to assess and date a marine chronometer

Stephanie Downes (ed.), Sally Holloway (ed.) & Sarah Randles (ed.): Feeling Things - Objects and Emotions through History

Stephanie Downes (ed.), Sally Holloway (ed.) & Sarah Randles (ed.): Feeling Things - Objects and Emotions through History (Ny)
272 sider, Oxford Academic Press.

The first volume to address the junction between materiality and the spectrum of human emotions in the past

Draws from the fields of material culture studies and the history of emotions, resulting in a strongly interdisciplinary volume

Allows readers to consider the historical study of both objects and emotions from innovative new perspectives

 

Natalia Nowakowska: King Sigismund of Poland and Martin Luther - The Reformation before Confessionalization

Natalia Nowakowska: King Sigismund of Poland and Martin Luther - The Reformation before Confessionalization (Ny)
304 sider, Oxford Academic Press.

The first book published in English for over a century on the early Reformation in Poland

Provides a major new interpretation of the Reformation & catholic history

Offers a major recalibration of conventionalism wisdom on how and where early Lutheranism spread

Offers the reader access to long-neglected primary research in Polish and German, and also substantial new research material from Polish archives, Vatican archives, and Polish early printed book collections

 

Steven Gunn: The English People at War in the Age of Henry VIII

Steven Gunn: The English People at War in the Age of Henry VIII (Ny)
320 sider, Oxford Academic Press.

Places a new emphasis on Henry VIII's reign, by drawing attention to the frequency and scale of his wars

Draws on a wide range of sources — parish and borough account books, wills and memoirs, buildings and paintings, letters from Henry's captains, and the notes readers wrote in their printed history books

Sets Henry's reign in the context of English history and renaissance warfare

Emphasizes the experiences of communities and individuals

 

Iain Soden: Excavation of the Late Saxon and Medieval Churchyard of St Martin’s, Wallingford, Oxfordshire

Iain Soden: Excavation of the Late Saxon and Medieval Churchyard of St Martin’s, Wallingford, Oxfordshire (Ny)
86 sider, Archaeopress.

MOLA (Museum of London Archaeology) undertook excavations over 2003-4 at the former St Martin’s churchyard, Wallingford, Oxfordshire. St Martin’s, one of perhaps eight churches of late Saxon Wallingford, was located in a prominent position in the centre of the burh. No middle Saxon activity was found and the earliest remains consisted of a layer sealing the natural subsoil which contained a probable late Saxon lead cross. Earliest use of the churchyard has been dated to the late 10th to early 11th century by radiocarbon dating, and burials continued until the end of the 14th century, serving a dwindling parish population, before the cemetery rapidly fell out of use thereafter. No burials post-date 1412. Part of the cemetery has not been disturbed by the present development. The unexcavated areas and previous post-medieval and modern disturbances has meant the original size of the cemetery remains unknown.

A late Saxon mortar mixer found on the site has added to a growing number of this distinctive early constructional feature. While its presence indicates the vicinity of the late Saxon church, no foundations of St Martin’s church appear to have survived cellar digging and quarrying for gravel that occurred in the early 18th century.

Osteological analysis of 187 of the 211 excavated skeletons of the cemetery has depicted a lay population which was almost equally split between males and females, with only a slight bias towards males. Their distribution showed no observable cluster within the churchyard by age or gender. A high proportion of children is notable but newborns and very young children were comparatively rare. The significance of this is unclear since so many disarticulated remains were also present due to later disturbance. Both degenerative pathologies and inherited conditions affecting bone were noted, as were a high frequency of trauma, some of it violent. Generally the population could be shown to have led healthy early lives compared to other urban assemblages, although evidence of tuberculosis and iron deficiency suggest that living conditions and diet at the heart of medieval Wallingford were far from ideal.

Within the excavated area of the cemetery, a number of the burials demonstrated known pre-Conquest burial rites and there are some aspects which may be peculiar to the area, suggesting local variations to common rites. Eight pre-Conquest burials had their heads supported mostly by stones, but one had his head supported by two disarticulated skulls. One 30-40 year old male was buried wearing a pierce scallop-shell, presumably a pilgrim badge from Santiago de Compostella. Four burials were interred in stone-built cists and these ranged from a c1 year old to adults of both sexes. A further six burials lay in stone-built cists without a cover. All post-Conquest burials were earth-cut examples.

Bjarne Stoklund: Læsø Land - Økologi og kultur i et øsamfund 1550 - 1900

Bjarne Stoklund: Læsø Land - Økologi og kultur i et øsamfund 1550 - 1900 (Ny)
2 bd, 622 sider, Museum Tusculanums Forlag.

Poser med sydesalt, tangtage og friskfanget jomfruhummer på havnen i Østerby er noget af det, der kendetegner Læsø i dag. Befolkningen på Kattegats største ø har gennem de sidste 500 år måttet tilpasse sig de barske omgivelser i en grad, der voldsomt har indvirket på både natur og lokalkultur, og den historie kan aflæses i de karakteristiske Læsø-produkter. Læsø Land er et storværk og et livsværk. I 1949 påbegyndte Bjarne Stoklund i Nationalmuseets Etnologiske Undersøgelsers regi sine studier af Læsø. Gennem registrering, interviews og iagttagelser blev Læsøs gamle folkekultur belyst, som den kunne huskes af gamle læsøboer, og som den endnu oplevedes i de mest gammeldags miljøer på øen.Stoklund optegner den læsøske historie og udvikling som et produkt af befolkningens tilpasning til øens økologiske forhold og til de bredere politiske og økonomiske omstændigheder i perioden 1550-1900. Han beskriver den kønsmæssige arbejdsdeling, hvor kvinderne arbejdede med øens begrænsede ressourcer, mens mændene fiskede og handlede med tømmer fra Norge og senere spillede en vigtig rolle i 1800-tallets internationale skibsfart. Også bjærgning af vrag, dvs. strandede handelsskibes ladninger, udgjorde en vigtig del af læsøboernes erhvervsøkonomi.Stoklund har haft et enestående kildemateriale til rådighed, dels fordi han har kunnet trække på sin familie, som stammer fra Læsø, dels fordi Læsø i lang tid har bevaret gamle vaner og arbejdsmetoder. Han beskriver indgående saltproduktionen, arbejdsredskaberne og de skiftende materielle vilkår og retter læserens blik mod en række betydningsfulde økokriser; ikke mindst den udmarvning af naturen, som var resultatet af et stort behov for brænde til den tidlige saltproduktion, og som gjorde, at store mængder sand bredte sig ind over øen. Værket er i to bind: Kvinden og jorden og Manden og havet.

December 2017

Charles Rivers Editors: The Louvre and the Hermitage - The History and Contents of Europe's Biggest Art Museums

Charles Rivers Editors: The Louvre and the Hermitage - The History and Contents of Europe's Biggest Art Museums (Ny)
202 sider, Charles Rivers Editors.

The Louvre: The very name conjures up scenes of art and elegance, and of long halls filled with beauty and people strolling through them whispering quietly among themselves about the glories they are witnessing. Even those who have never been to the Louvre know some of its most prized possessions, from ancient statues to Leonardo Da Vinci's "Mona Lisa." As the world's largest museum, the Louvre is unquestionably the cultural highpoint of Paris, a city that has long been considered the cultural center of Europe.

However, life is rarely as simple as one imagines, and the life of the Louvre is no different. While just about everyone is familiar with its history as an art museum, the Louvre's history goes back over 800 years, and it used to have far different purposes, both as a medieval fortress and a palatial residence for French kings. The Louvre bore witness to mass murder during the French Revolution, and there have been countless accusations of theft and other questionable actions since its opening.

Furthermore, the museum is also a classic example of beating one's swords into ploughshares, for it has been largely stocked through the conquests of war. Its first collection was put on display by a king who wanted to share his personal art collection with his subjects. Following the French Revolution, the Louvre became a place of ascetic refuge, where those burdened by daily life could go, often at no cost, and visit some of the most beautiful pieces of art in the world. While the power hungry Napoleon made war across the continent, he was also always on the lookout for beautiful and interesting items to send home to his people. Later, when rioters attempted to burn the building down, the museum portion of the palace survived, almost by miracle, and when the Nazis occupied Paris, they found that most of the items of value had been safely sent away. Ironically, when World War II was over, the museum became a safehouse for items stolen by the Germans from around the world, and a conduit to get the pieces back to their rightful owners. Even now, in the 21st century, the museum is serving as a bridge to peace and understanding; its latest gallery was designed to showcase Islamic art in the hope of bringing together people from different cultures. This is, to say the least, quite a change of pace for a fortress originally intended to fight off invaders.

Catherine the Great came to power in the midst of the Enlightenment, which was flourishing in France and Britain, and she would rule as an Enlightened ruler. A known correspondent of Voltaire's, Catherine sought to modernize Russia and turn it into a force in its own right, creating a rich and cultured court at the same time. Over the course of nearly 35 years in power, Catherine ushered in the Russian Enlightenment and presided over a period of time known as the Golden Age of the Russian Empire.

Moreover, Catherine had an unmatched passion for the arts, and she began a private art collection that would eventually evolve into galleries upon galleries of historical treasures shipped in from all over the world. This fabled museum was none other than the Hermitage, located in the heart of Saint Petersburg, a city founded by the imperial empire's very own Peter the Great.

The Louvre and the Hermitage: The History and Contents of Europe's Biggest Art Museums chronicles the remarkable history of the museums and profiles some of their most important pieces. Along with pictures depicting important people, places, and events, you will learn about the Louvre and the Hermitage like never before.

J. D. Bateson & N. M. McQ. Holmes: National Museum of Scotland - Scottish Coins and Dies 1603-1709

J. D. Bateson & N. M. McQ. Holmes: National Museum of Scotland - Scottish Coins and Dies 1603-1709 (Ny)
400 sider, Oxford Academic Press.

New volume in well-respected Sylloge of Coins of the British Isles series

Comprehensive and detailed description of all the coins

Clear photographic illustration of all the coins

 

Felicia Rosu: Elective Monarchy in Transylvania and Poland-Lithuania, 1569-1587

Felicia Rosu: Elective Monarchy in Transylvania and Poland-Lithuania, 1569-1587 (Ny)
240 sider, Oxford Academic Press.

Examines the transformation of the elective principle in Transylvania and the newly created Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in the early 1570s

Explores the institutional and constitutional transformations through the prism of three elections that took place in this period

Offers a new comparative perspective on the entwined histories of Poland-Lithuania and the lesser-studied Transylvania

 

Göran Malmstedt: En förtrollad värld - Förmoderna föreställningar och bohuslänska trolldomsprocesser 1669–1672

Göran Malmstedt: En förtrollad värld - Förmoderna föreställningar och bohuslänska trolldomsprocesser 1669–1672 (Ny)
240 sider, Nordic Academic Press.

I förmodern tid levde befolkningen i en ”förtrollad” värld där det var självklart att övernaturliga makter och magiska krafter spelade en viktig och framträdande roll i tillvaron. Dessa föreställningar märktes bland annat i häxprocesserna som drevs runtom i Europa under 1500- och 1600-talen. Men hur ska vi förstå den världsbild som genomsyrade tiden?

Genom dokument från trolldomsrannsakningarna i Bohuslän under slutet av 1600-talet kan vi komma nära människorna och deras tankar om magi, drömmar och ordens makt. I rättsprotokollen studerar Göran Malmstedt olika aspekter av verklighetsuppfattning och mentalitet: domarnas frågor, vittnenas berättelser och de anklagades svar vittnar om hur människorna uppfattade sin omvärld. Hur kunde trolldom och till synes skiftande skepnader spela in i verkliga skeenden? Guds och djävulens plats i tillvaron tillhör också de fenomen som Malmstedt belyser.

 

Prof. Knut Andreas Bergsvik (ed.) and Dr Marion Dowd (ed.): Caves and Ritual in Medieval Europe, AD 500-1500

Prof. Knut Andreas Bergsvik (ed.) and Dr Marion Dowd (ed.): Caves and Ritual in Medieval Europe, AD 500-1500 (Ny)
376 sider, Oxbow Books.

Caves and rockshelters in Europe have traditionally been associated with prehistory, and in some regions cave archaeology has become synonymous with the Palaeolithic. However, there is abundant evidence that caves and rockshelters were important foci for activities in historic times. During the medieval period (here taken as AD 500–1500) caves were used for short-term shelter, habitation, specialised craft activities, storage, as hideaways and for tending animals. Caves were also used for religious purposes. Caves and ritual in medieval Europe, AD 500–1500 focuses on this neglected field of research – the ritual and religious use of caves. It draws together interdisciplinary studies by leading specialists from across Europe: from Iberia to Crimea, and from Malta to northern Norway. The different religions and rituals in this vast area are unified by the use of caves and rockshelters, indicating that the beliefs in these natural places – and in the power of the underworld – were deeply embedded in many different religious practices. Christianity was widespread and firmly established in most of Europe at this time, and many of the contributions deal with different types of Christian practices, such as the use of rock-cut churches, unmodified caves for spiritual retreat, caves reputedly visited by saints, and caves as places for burials. But parallel to this, some caves were associated with localised popular religious practices, which sometimes had pre-Christian origins. Muslims in Iberia used caves for spiritual retreat, and outside the Christian domain in northern Europe, caves and rockshelters were places for carving symbols among Pictish groups, places for human burial, for bear burials amongst the Sámi, and places for crafting and votive deposition for Norse populations.

Mikael Venge: Bispeborgen Spøttrup

Mikael Venge: Bispeborgen Spøttrup (Ny)
304 sider, Vandkunsten.

Med et skovklædt bakkehæld bag sig ligger Spøttrup smukt og skuer ud mod den store sø, der må have været en af stedets attraktioner, da bispeborgen blev anlagt. Fra dens tinder skimtes Mors og Thy i det fjerne, adskilt fra Salling af Limfjordens mange vige, sunde og bredninger.

Egentlig er det en ret ejendommelig placering. Viborgbispens borg vender ryggen til hans stift, som om Mors og Thy, der ellers hørte til Børglum stift, i virkeligheden var dens rette opland. Placeringen kan ikke være valgt af strategiske årsager. Selv om Spøttrup sø gav en vis beskyttelse mod vest, var det nødvendigt at grave hele to voldgrave for at skærme borgen, da den blev opført, og befæste den med en enorm vold ind mod bakkehældet. Tilmed lå borgen afsides, langt fra stiftstaden Viborg. Stedet må have været udpeget af en magtfuld og egensindig bygherre, der var meget opsat på netop denne beliggenhed og havde råd til at blæse på omkostningerne. Her skulle den ligge!

Munkesten er stumme. Stolper, pæle og bjælker kan med lidt behændighed afæskes et årstal, men århundreders omtumlede skæbne som herregård og en gennemgribende restaurering i 1930’erne har næppe efterladt mange spor af det gamle Spøttrups træværk. Dokumenter, endsige byggeregnskaber, fattes totalt. Hele bispestolens arkiv gik op i luer ved Viborgs brand i 1726, og de sørgelige rester af Spøttrups eget arkiv røg i papirmøllen under 1. verdenskrig. Vi må nærme os bispeborgen ad snørklede stier, men med optimismen i behold når vi alligevel frem til et par faste holdepunkter.

Spøttrup dukker op i Danmarkshistorien midt i en højspændt politisk situation hvor der var borgerkrig i Danmark. Historikeren Mikael Venge tager læseren med sig i arkiverne og finder Spøttrup frem fra de ældste tider over senmiddelalderens bisper til Grevens Fejde og reformationen.

Ole Thamdrup: J.J.A. Worsaae og Rosenborg-samlingen

Ole Thamdrup: J.J.A. Worsaae og Rosenborg-samlingen (Ny)
135 sider, Kongernes Samling.

Worsaae var en af 1800-tallets største museumsmænd i Danmark. Blandt de mange gøremål var han leder af Rosenborg-samlingen fra 1858 til sin død i 1885. Worsaae var den første videnskabeligt uddannede person på denne post. Hans forgænger slotsforvalter Sommer havde i 1830’erne gennemført den dengang revolutionerende kronologiske opstilling af samlingens genstande og havde også æren af at kunne åbne Rosenborg for publikum i 1838.

Worsaae arbejdede konstant på at udvide samlingen, hjulpet af samfundets omvæltning fra enevælde til demokrati i 1849. Mange kongelige slotte gik ud af kongens eje til brug for statslige formål; Worsaae fik lov til at udtage brugbare ting. Frederiksborg Slot brændte i 1859; Worsaae fik lagt beslag på mange genstande, men måtte senere i livet erkende, at Rosenborg ikke var stort nok, så en del gik senere retur. Den sidste rest af Det Kongelige Kunstkammer blev nedlagt i 1867, og omkring 1000 genstande overgik til Rosenborg. Frederik 6.s datter arveprinsesse Caroline og Christian 8.s enkedronning, Caroline Amalie, døde begge i 1881. Worsaae fik mulighed for at købe ind, ikke mindst med støtte fra brygger Jacobsen på Carlsberg.

 

Manuel Fernández-Götz (Ed) & Nico Roymans (ed): Conflict Archaeology - Materialities of Collective Violence from Prehistory to Late Antiquity

Manuel Fernández-Götz (Ed) & Nico Roymans (ed): Conflict Archaeology - Materialities of Collective Violence from Prehistory to Late Antiquity (Ny)
236 sider, Routledge.

In the past two decades, conflict archaeology has become firmly established as a promising field of research, as reflected in publications, symposia, conference sessions and fieldwork projects. It has its origins in the study of battlefields and other conflict-related phenomena in the modern Era, but numerous studies show that this theme, and at least some of its methods, techniques and theories, are also relevant for older historical and even prehistoric periods. This book presents a series of case-studies on conflict archaeology in ancient Europe, based on the results of both recent fieldwork and a reassessment of older excavations. The chronological framework spans from the Neolithic to Late Antiquity, and the geographical scope from Iberia to Scandinavia. Along key battlefields such as the Tollense Valley, Baecula, Alesia, Kalkriese and Harzhorn, the volume also incorporates many other sources of evidence that can be directly related to past conflict scenarios, including defensive works, military camps, battle-related ritual deposits, and symbolic representations of violence in iconography and grave goods. The aim is to explore the material evidence for the study of warfare, and to provide new theoretical and methodological insights into the archaeology of mass violence in ancient Europe and beyond.

 

Pernille Carstens, Mogens Nykjær og Hanne Roer reds.: En anden reformation – Rom som religiøst epicenter

Pernille Carstens, Mogens Nykjær og Hanne Roer reds.: En anden reformation – Rom som religiøst epicenter
368 sider, Orbis.

Den lutherske reformation tog sin begyndelse i Wittenberg for 500 år siden. Forskere og formidlere har fejret jubilæet med en stribe publikationer, hvor de har undersøgt reformationen og Luthers betydning for Danmark og Nordeuropa. Men hvad skete der på samme tid i Rom? Hvordan mødte Romerkirken de voldsomme udfordringer fra nord? Hvordan har den såkaldte modreformation præget Kirken og de katolske områder i de efterfølgende århundreder? Det kan man nu læse om i denne bog, der belyser udviklingen i Rom og Sydeuropa efter Luthers opgør. Reformation og modreformation hører sammen som to sider af samme mønt, og selv i dag har europæisk kultur dybe rødder i de dramatiske begivenheder i 1500- og 1600-tallet. 

 

Erland Porsmose: Konge af Luthers nåde

Erland Porsmose: Konge af Luthers nåde
264 sider, Østfyns Museer.

Fordrivelsen af Christian 2. fra Nordens trone i 1523 udløste årtiers kaos med borgerkrige og magtkampe mellem de to konkurrerende grene af kongeslægten. Frem til 1544 havde Danmark-Norge ikke i Europas øjne en anerkendt legitim konge. Kampen om tronen udspillede sig netop i reformationsårene, og fra Wittenberg blandede Martin Luther sig aktivt i striden, først på den ene og siden på den anden side, og han blev derved en vigtig brik i spillet om legitimiteten.

Det er i disse oprørte år, at Nyborg – Danmarks Riges Hjerte – blev udpeget som rigets officielle hovedstad, og Nyborg fik derfor en central rolle i begivenhederne. Efter fredsslutningen i 1544 investerede Christian 3. massivt i at opbygge og udsmykke sin hovedstad som et passende sæde for det protestantiske Europas mest magtfulde fyrste. Danmark var da i sandhed det eneste ene, rent lutherske kongerige, og herfra hentede den protestantiske revolution meget af sin styrke.

Østfyns Museers direktør, Erland Porsmose, fortæller den spændende historie i et nyt bind af serien "Danmarks Riges Hjerte", som nu udkommer som kulmination på museets fokus på Nyborg i reformationstiden i anledning af 500-året for selve Reformationen.

"Konge af Luthers nåde. Reformationen og kampen om kongemagten" sætter for første gang i bogform fokus på den spændende og dramatiske fortælling om Nyborgs vigtige rolle som ramme for kampen om magten og troen på reformationstiden i første halvdel af 1500-tallet.

Angeliki Pollali & Berthold Hub: Images of Sex and Desire in Renaissance Art and Modern Historiography

Angeliki Pollali & Berthold Hub: Images of Sex and Desire in Renaissance Art and Modern Historiography
258 sider, Routledge.

Studies on gender and sexuality have proliferated in the last decades, covering a wide spectrum of disciplines. This collection of essays offers a metanarrative of sexuality as it has been recently embedded in the art historical discourse of the European Renaissance. It revisits ‘canonical’ forms of visual culture, such as painting, sculpture and a number of emblematic manuscripts. The contributors focus on one image—either actual or thematic—and examine it against its historiographic assumptions. Through the use of interdisciplinary approaches, the essays propose to unmask the ideology(ies) of representation of sexuality and suggest a richer image of the ever-shifting identities of gender. The collection focuses on the Italian Renaissance, but also includes case studies from Germany and France.

 

Chloë N. Duckworth & Anne E. Sassin: Colour and Light in Ancient and Medieval Art

Chloë N. Duckworth & Anne E. Sassin: Colour and Light in Ancient and Medieval Art
238 sider, Routledge.

The myriad ways in which colour and light have been adapted and applied in the art, architecture, and material culture of past societies is the focus of this interdisciplinary volume. Light and colour’s iconographic, economic, and socio-cultural implications are considered by established and emerging scholars including art historians, archaeologists, and conservators, who address the variety of human experience of these sensory phenomena. In today’s world it is the norm for humans to be surrounded by strong, artificial colours, and even to see colour as perhaps an inessential or surface property of the objects around us. Similarly, electric lighting has provided the power and ability to illuminate and manipulate environments in increasingly unprecedented ways. In the context of such a saturated experience, it becomes difficult to identify what is universal, and what is culturally specific about the human experience of light and colour. Failing to do so, however, hinders the capacity to approach how they were experienced by people of centuries past. By means of case studies spanning a broad historical and geographical context and covering such diverse themes as architecture, cave art, the invention of metallurgy, and medieval manuscript illumination, the contributors to this volume provide an up-to-date discussion of these themes from a uniquely interdisciplinary perspective. The papers range in scope from the meaning of colour in European prehistoric art to the technical art of the glazed tiles of the Shah mosque in Isfahan. Their aim is to explore a multifarious range of evidence and to evaluate and illuminate what is a truly enigmatic topic in the history of art and visual culture.
 

 

Meg Boulton, Jane Hawkes, Heidi Stoner (eds.): Place and Space in the Medieval World

Meg Boulton, Jane Hawkes, Heidi Stoner (eds.): Place and Space in the Medieval World
266 sider, Routledge.

This book addresses the critical terminologies of place and space (and their role within medieval studies) in a considered and critical manner, presenting a scholarly introduction written by the editors alongside thematic case studies that address a wide range of visual and textual material. The chapters consider the extant visual and textual sources from the medieval period alongside contemporary scholarly discussions to examine place and space in their wider critical context, and are written by specialists in a range of disciplines including art history, archaeology, history, and literature.

 

Chloe Porter, Katie Walker & Margaret Healy: Prosthesis in Medieval and Early Modern Culture

Chloe Porter, Katie Walker & Margaret Healy: Prosthesis in Medieval and Early Modern Culture
194 sider, Taylor & Francis Ltd.

`Prosthesis' denotes a rhetorical `addition' to a pre-existing `beginning', a `replacement' for that which is `defective or absent', a technological mode of `correction' that reveals a history of corporeal and psychic discontent. Recent scholarship has given weight to these multiple meanings of `prosthesis' as tools of analysis for literary and cultural criticism. The study of pre-modern prosthesis, however, often registers as an absence in contemporary critical discourse. This collection seeks to redress this omission, reconsidering the history of prosthesis and its implications for contemporary critical responses to, and uses of, it. The book demonstrates the significance of notions of prosthesis in medieval and early modern theological debate, Reformation controversy, and medical discourse and practice. It also tracks its importance for imaginings of community and of the relationship of self and other, as performed on the stage, expressed in poetry, charms, exemplary and devotional literature, and as fought over in the documents of religious and cultural change. Interdisciplinary in nature, the book engages with contemporary critical and cultural theory and philosophy, genre theory, literary history, disability studies, and medical humanities, establishing prosthesis as a richly productive analytical tool in the pre-modern, as well as the modern, context. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Textual Practice journal.

 

November 2017

David M. Mitchell: Silversmiths in Elizabethan and Stuart London - Their Lives and Their Marks

David M. Mitchell: Silversmiths in Elizabethan and Stuart London - Their Lives and Their Marks (Ny)
724 sider, Boydell press.

Silversmiths in Elizabethan and Stuart London is one of the most important works of silver scholarship in recent years. Taking the first surviving makers' mark plate in the archives of the London Assay Office as its starting point, David Mitchell's meticulous research has allowed him to identify some of these previously unknown craftsmen and to piece together the narratives of their lives and trade.
The first part of the book tells the story of the silversmiths' trade in the Elizabethan and Stuart periods, including the range of silver plate available between 1560 and 1700 and the many influences on silversmiths and the wider trade, from the impact of French design and 'Stranger' silversmiths through to Plague, Fire and Civil War.
The second part of the book identifies previously unknown makers, containing attributions for 540 separate marks and some 400 individual biographies compiled from the author's research. Richly illustrated with over 200 images, this work combines social, economic and art history and casts new light on a fascinating period. It will be of interest not only to students and scholars of early modern history and the history of London and to museums with respective art collections, but also to those interested in the Elizabethan and Stuart periods, silver and the decorative arts.

Keith J. Stringer (ed) & Angus J.L. Winchester (ed): Northern England and Southern Scotland in the Central Middle Ages

Keith J. Stringer (ed) & Angus J.L. Winchester (ed): Northern England and Southern Scotland in the Central Middle Ages (Ny)
384 sider, Boydell Press.

This book provides the first comprehensive analysis of the development of northern England and southern Scotland in the formative era of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. How did "middle Britain" come to be divided between two separate unitary kingdoms called "England" and "Scotland"? How, and how differently, was government exercised and experienced? How did people identify themselves by their languages and naming practices? What major themes can be detected in the development of ecclesiastical structures and religious culture? What can be learned about the rural and the emerging urban environments in terms of lordly exploitation and control, settlement patterns and how the landscape itself evolved? These are among the key questions addressed by the contributors, who bring to bear multi-faceted approaches to medieval "middle Britain". Above all, by pursuing similarities and differences from a comparative "transnational" perspective it becomes clearer how the "old" interacted with the "new", what was exceptional and what was not, and how far the histories of northern England and southern Scotland point to common or not so common foundations and trajectories.

Frédérique Lachaud (ed.) & Michael Penman (ed.): Absentee Authority across Medieval Europe

Frédérique Lachaud (ed.) & Michael Penman (ed.): Absentee Authority across Medieval Europe (Ny)
266 sider, Boydell Press.

In the medieval world, what happened when a figure of recognised authority was absent? What terminology, principles and solutions of proxy authority were developed and adopted? Did these solutions differ and change over time depending on whether the absence was short or long and caused by issues of incapacity, minority, disputed succession, geography or elective absenteeism? Did the models of proxy authority adopted by ruling dynasties and large institutions influence the proxy choices of lesser authority?
The circumstances and consequences of absentee authority, a major aspect of the systems of medieval power, are the focus of this volume. Ranging across the realms of medieval Europe (but with a focus upon the British Isles and France), its essays embrace a wide variety of experience - royal, parliamentary, conciliar, magnatial, military, ecclesiastical (papal to parochial), burghal, household, minor or major, male or female, exiled, captive or infirm - and explore not merely political developments, but the dynastic, diplomatic, financial, ideological, religious and cultural ramifications of such episodes.

Rhianydd Biebrach: Church Monuments in South Wales, c.1200-1547

Rhianydd Biebrach: Church Monuments in South Wales, c.1200-1547 (Ny)
226 sider, Boydell press.

South Wales is an area blessed with an eclectic, but largely unknown, monumental heritage, ranging from plain cross slabs to richly carved effigial monuments on canopied tomb-chests. As a group, these monuments closely reflect the turbulent history of the southern march of Wales, its close links to the West Country and its differences from the 'native Wales' of the north-west. As individuals, they offer fascinating insights into the spiritual and secular concerns of the area's culturally diverse elites.
Church Monuments in South Wales is the first full-scale study of the medieval funerary monuments of this region offering a much-needed Celtic contribution to the growing corpus of literature on the monumental culture of late-medieval Europe, which for the British Isles has been hitherto dominated by English studies. It focuses on the social groups who commissioned and were commemorated by funerary monuments and how this distinctive memorial culture reflected their shifting fortunes, tastes and pre-occupations at a time of great social change.

Degn, Ole (red.): The Sound Toll at Elsinore - Politics, Shipping and the Collection of Duties 1429– 1857

Degn, Ole (red.): The Sound Toll at Elsinore - Politics, Shipping and the Collection of Duties 1429– 1857 (Ny)
623 sider, Museum Tusculanums Forlag.

Gennem mere end 400 år spillede Øresundstolden en betydelig rolle i nordeuropæisk politik og skibsfart, og for den danske konge og den danske stat var indtægterne herfra af væsentlig økonomisk betydning. Øresundstolderne noterede alle passerende skibe og deres ladninger i toldbøger, der i dag udgør et enestående kildemateriale til hele Europas historie fra det ældste bevarede regnskab i 1497 indtil Øresundstolden ophævedes i 1857. Næsten 2 millioner skibe havde da betalt Øresundstold.

Bogen indeholder artikler om Øresundstoldens indførelse og første vanskelige år i senmiddelalderen, om dens administration og toldboder, indtægter og regnskabsformer gennem hele dens levetid. Undervejs læser man om mor Sigbrits udfordring af de søfarende nationer omkring 1520, krige og internationale forviklinger i 1500-tallet og kampen om adgangen til Østersølandenes eksport af råvarer, der var livsvigtige for Vesteuropas voksende befolkning. Videre om Christian 4.s voldsomme toldforhøjelser, der fik katastrofale følger, om det svenske overfald med Torstenssonskrigen 1643-45 til følge, tabet af Halland og i 1658-60 endelig også af Skånelandene. Endvidere kan der læses om de engelske skipperes dristige smuglerier i 1700-tallet og om de nordamerikanske fristater, som nægtede at acceptere indskrænkninger i den frie sejlads og truede med at sende en krigsflåde, der med magt kunne tiltvinge sig adgang til Østersøen. Det resulterede i, at Danmark i 1857 måtte opgive at opretholde opkrævningen af den mere end 400 år gamle told. Dog formåede man gennem dygtige forhandlinger at få de fleste søfarende nationer til at betale en erstatning til Danmark for afskaffelsen af Øresundstolden. En gennemgang af Øresundstoldens arkivalier, en omfattende bibliografi og detaljerede registre afslutter værket.

Denise Maior-Barron: Marie Antoinette at Petit Trianon - Heritage Interpretation and Visitor Perceptions

Denise Maior-Barron: Marie Antoinette at Petit Trianon - Heritage Interpretation and Visitor Perceptions (Ny)
320 sider, Taylor & Francis Ltd.

This book challenges common perceptions of Marie Antoinette, appraising the last Queen of France's role in relation to the events of French Revolution through an original analysis of contemporary heritage practices and visitor perceptions at her former home, the Petit Trianon. Controversy and martyrdom have placed Marie Antoinette's image within a spectrum of cultural caricatures that range from taboo to iconic. With a foundation in critical heritage studies, this volume examines the diverse range of contemporary images portraying Marie Antoinette's historical character, showing how they affect the interpretation and perception of Petit Trianon. By considering both producers and receivers of these cultural heritage exponents-Marie Antoinette's historical figure and the historic house museum of the Petit Trianon-the book expands current understandings of 21st century cultural heritage perceptions in relation to tourism and popular culture.

 

Domkirkekvarteret i Viborg - Viborgstudier 1

Lars Agersnap Larsen (red.): Domkirkekvarteret i Viborg - Viborgstudier 1
332 sider, Viborg Museum.

Domkirkekvarteret i Viborg indtager en vigtig plads i danmarkshistorien. Stedets historie rummer nøglen til at forstå tilblivelsen af det moderne Danmark og monarkiets, kirkens, retsstatens og demokratiets udvikling i 1000 år.

Fredag den 24. november præsenterer Viborg Museum den første udgave af museets nye bogserie ”Viborgstudier”. I den første bog tager seks forfattere læserne med gennem 1000 års danmarkshistorie i Viborg. Bogens 332 sider giver læserne indblik i historiske detaljer om domstolsbyen, kongehyldningerne på Landstinget i Viborg, Domkirkens historie, Snapstingsmarkedet og reformationsbyen Viborg. Bogen giver også en fin indsigt i bygninger, byrum og i det hele taget dagliglivet i Domkirkekvarteret i Viborg.

 

 

Kasper H. Andersen (red.), Kristoffer Jensen (red.) & Mikkel Thelle (red.): Forbrugets kulturhistorie - Butik, by og forbrugere efter 1660

Kasper H. Andersen (red.), Kristoffer Jensen (red.) & Mikkel Thelle (red.): Forbrugets kulturhistorie - Butik, by og forbrugere efter 1660
294 sider, Aarhus Universitetsforlag.

Mobiler, tøj og mad. Vi forbruger alle sammen hver eneste dag. Men hvad mener vi egentlig med forbrug, og hvordan er forbrug blevet produceret? I Forbrugshistorie udforsker en gruppe historikere, hvordan danskernes forbrug har udviklet sig fra de første formelle butikker og frem til i dag.

Forbrug opstår ikke ud af det blå. Forbrug hænger sammen med udviklingen fra småbutikker til supermarkeder, fra diligencerejsen til bilferien og fra kolonial luksus til hvermandseje. Forbrugets kulturhistorie er derfor historien om, hvordan markedskræfter, teknologi, begær, smag og opdragelse skaber og påvirker forbrug. I bogen hører vi blandt andet om, hvordan de store varehuse sidst i 1800-tallet gav opskriften på det gode liv, hvordan børnefjernsyn i 1970'erne blev opfattet som skadeligt for velfærdsstatens børn, og hvordan bilferien i efterkrigstiden blev markedsført som middelklassens mulighed for at tage på eventyr.

 

Tony Bennett: Museums, Power, Knowledge - Selected Essays

Tony Bennett: Museums, Power, Knowledge - Selected Essays
340 sider, Routeledge.

Few perspectives have invigorated the development of critical museum studies over the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries as much as Foucault’s account of the relations between knowledge and power and their role in processes of governing. Within this literature, Tony Bennett’s work stands out as having marked a series of strategic engagements with Foucault’s work to offer a critical genealogy of the public museum, offering an account of its nineteenth-century and early twentieth-century development that has been constantly alert to the politics of museums in the present. Museums, Power, Knowledge brings together new research with a set of essays initially published in diverse contexts, making available for the first time the full range of Bennett’s critical museology. Ranging across natural history, anthropological art, geological and history museums and their precursors in earlier collecting institutions, and spanning the eighteenth to the twenty-first centuries in discussing museum practices in Britain, Australia, the USA, France and Japan, it offers a compelling account of the shifting political logics of museums over the modern period. As a collection that aims to bring together the ‘signature’ work of a museum theorist and historian whose work has long occupied a distinctive place in museum/society debates, Museums, Power, Knowledge will be of interest to researchers, teachers and students working in the fields of museum and heritage studies, cultural history, cultural studies and sociology, as well as museum professionals and museum visitors.

 

Paul Newson, Ruth Young (eds.): Post-Conflict Archaeology and Cultural Heritage - Rebuilding Knowledge, Memory and Community from War-Damaged Material Culture

Paul Newson, Ruth Young (eds.): Post-Conflict Archaeology and Cultural Heritage - Rebuilding Knowledge, Memory and Community from War-Damaged Material Culture
292 sider, Routeledge.

The human cost in any conflict is of course the first care in terms of the reduction, if not the elimination of damage. However, the destruction of archaeology and heritage as a consequence of civil and international wars is also of major concern, and the irreversible loss of monuments and sites through conflict has been increasingly discussed and documented in recent years.  Post-Conflict Archaeology and Cultural Heritage draws together a series of papers from archaeological and heritage professionals seeking positive, pragmatic and practical ways to deal with conflict-damaged sites. For instance, by showing that conflict-damaged cultural heritage and archaeological sites are a valuable resource rather than an inevitable casualty of war, and suggesting that archaeologists use their skills and knowledge to bring communities together, giving them ownership of, and identification with, their cultural heritage. The book is a mixture of the discussion of problems, suggested planning solutions and case studies for both archaeologists and heritage managers. It will be of interest to heritage professionals, archaeologists and anyone working with post-conflict communities, as well as anthropology, archaeology, and heritage academics and their students at a range of levels.

 

Nanouschka Myrberg Burström, Gitte Tarnow Ingvardson (eds.): Divina Moneta - Coins in Religion and Ritual

Nanouschka Myrberg Burström, Gitte Tarnow Ingvardson (eds.): Divina Moneta - Coins in Religion and Ritual
258 sider, Routeledge.

This edited collection analyses the phenomenon of coin use for religious and ritual purposes in different cultures and across different periods of time. It proposes an engagement with the theory and interpretation of the ‘material turn’ with numismatic evidence, and an evidence-based series of discussions to offer a fuller, richer and fresh account of coin use in ritual contexts. No extensive publication has previously foregrounded coins in such a model, despite the fact that coins constitute an integrated part of the material culture of most societies today and of many in the past. Here, interdisciplinary discussions are organised around three themes: coin deposit and ritual practice, the coin as economic object and divine mediator, and the value and meaning of coin offering. Although focusing on the medieval period in Western Europe, the book includes instructive cases from the Roman period until today. The collection brings together well-established and emerging scholars from archaeology, art history, ethnology, history and numismatics, and great weight is given to material evidence which can complement and contradict the scarce written sources.

 

Mikael Kristian Hansen og Emilie Hasling Rasmussen: Danske teaterplakater 1700-2000

Mikael Kristian Hansen og Emilie Hasling Rasmussen: Danske teaterplakater 1700-2000
224 sider, Hofteatret.

I bogen beskrives den danske teaterplakats udvikling. Bogen er righoldigt illustreret og rummer plakater både fra museets egne samlinger, andre museale samlinger og ikke mindst i privateje.

 

Lars Grundvad, Nick Schaadt & Bo Ejstrup: Fæstedskatten: Danmarks største guldskat fra vikingetiden

Lars Grundvad, Nick Schaadt & Bo Ejstrup: Fæstedskatten: Danmarks største guldskat fra vikingetiden
111 sider, Turbine.

Om Danmarks største guldfund fra vikingetidenI sommeren og efteråret 2016 dukkede den største danske guldskat fra vikingetiden frem fra den sorte muld. For første gang i mere end 1000 år så guldet atter dagens lys.Det første guld blev fundet af en amatørarkæologigruppe, der var ude og afsøge et interessant område, og det viste sig at være det helt rette sted, de befandt sig. Allerede inden for få timer dukkede den første massive guldarmring op, og herefter fulgte hurtig flere.I den forbindelse blev fundet fotodokumenteret og beskrevet. Billederne viser derfor fundene, som da de kom frem fra jorden. Guldet er ikke rengjort, men bærer stadig rester af jord og slid. Billederner er nu samlet og udgivet i den smukke bog Danmarks største guldskat fra vikingetiden.Billederne giver læseren/beskueren en enestående mulighed for at se guldet, som det så ud, netop som det så ud da solens lys atter ramte det med sine stråler.Fundhistorien og smykkernes funktion formidles i fremragende og underholdende tekster af bogens forfattere, der begge er museumsfolk.
 

 

Frits Andersen & Jakob Ladegaard (red.):  Kampen om de danske slaver - Aktuelle perspektiver på kolonihistorien

Frits Andersen & Jakob Ladegaard (red.):  Kampen om de danske slaver - Aktuelle perspektiver på kolonihistorien
247 sider, Aarhus Universitetsforlag.
Dansk slaverihistorie er ikke slut. Selvom det er 100 år siden, at Danmark solgte De Vestindiske Øer til USA, spøger slaveriet stadig. Arven fra kolonitiden er både velkendt og ukendt, fortrængt og forklaret, og det stiller krav til os om både viden og engagement. Kampen om de danske slaver diskuterer den rolle, slaverihistorien spiller og bør spille i dag. Bogens forfattere udfordrer vanefortællingerne i den aktuelle, offentlige debat ved at følge sporene efter dansk slaveri i efterkommeres historier, arkiver og ruiner, sorte lakridser, kunst og litteratur. Med vidt forskellige synsvinkler og tolkninger bidrager de til den fortsatte diskussion om slaveriets plads i vores fælles historie, der hverken er sort eller hvid.

 

Kerstin Petermann,‎ Anja Rasche & Gerhard Weilandt: Hansische Identitäten

Kerstin Petermann,‎ Anja Rasche & Gerhard Weilandt: Hansische Identitäten
232 sider, Michael Imhof Verlag.

Gab es eine hansische Identität? Oder existierten sogar mehrere? Welche wesentlichen Merkmale im Selbstverständnis von Personen prägen Geschichte, Kunst und Kultur im Hanseraum? Diese Fragen erwiesen sich als ausgesprochen fruchtbar für die wissenschaftliche Tagung Hansische Identitäten am Wissenschaftskolleg Greifswald, obwohl oder gerade weil es keine einfachen Antworten darauf gibt. Die Beiträge des Tagungsbandes zeigen ein weites Spektrum an Forschungsthemen: von Ergebnissen einer archäologischen Großgrabung im Lübecker Gründerviertel bis zum Leitbild des Hanseaten in der Nachkriegszeit. Die Beiträge von internationalen ForscherInnen aus Dänemark, Deutschland, Frankreich, den Niederlanden und Polen mit multidisziplinären Perspektiven ergeben ein facettenreiches Bild aktueller Hanseforschung, regen zum Weiterdenken, gemeinsamen Forschen und intensiven Austausch an.

 

Mikael Manøe Bjerregaard (red.) & Mads Runge (red.): At være i centrum Magt og minde - højstatusbegravelser i udvalgte centre 950-1450

Mikael Manøe Bjerregaard (red.) & Mads Runge (red.): At være i centrum Magt og minde - højstatusbegravelser i udvalgte centre 950-1450
113 sider, Odense By's Museer.

Det sensationelle fund af en velbevaret, stenbygget bispegrav i tomten af Skt. Albani Kirke, hvor kong Knud i 1086 blev dræbt, vakte stor opsigt, bl.a. fordi graven formentlig er den ældst bevarede bispegrav fra det middelalderlige danske område. Graven rummer i sig selv en række interessante perspektiver i forhold til at forsøge at indkredse identiteten af afdøde, tidspunktet for begravelsen, materialestudier af kiste og indhold samt afdødes livshistorie og plads i samtiden. Herudover er det væsentligt at sætte graven ind i en større sammenhæng gennem synkrone og diakrone analyser af andre biskopper og tilsvarende magtpersoner. På denne baggrund afholdt Odense Bys Museers forskningscenter CENTRUM den 10. februar 2016 seminaret At være i centrum. Magt og minde - højstatusbegravelser i udvalgte centre 950-1450. Artiklerne i nærværende seminarrapport afspejler foredragene.

 

Olaf Olsen: Mit levned Et liv i arkæologiens og historiens tjeneste

Olaf Olsen: Mit levned Et liv i arkæologiens og historiens tjeneste
304 sider, Wormianum.

Olaf Olsen (1928-2015) var et fyrtårn i dansk arkæologi og historie i anden del af det tyvende århundrede. Han var Danmarks første professor i middelalderarkæologi i halvfjerdserne og landets rigsantikvar fra 1981 til 1995. Hans arbejde med vore kirker og vikingetidens skibe og ringborge styrkede interessen for arkæologi og øgede vor viden om fortiden. Han stod for Nationalmuseets ombygning og modernisering og var en krævende og grundig redaktør af Gyldendal og Politikens Danmarkshistorie.
Olaf Olsens erindringer blev afsluttet i 2008. De skildrer hans liv fra barndommen og op gennem de flittige arbejdsår med deres glæder og besværligheder. Mange af de mennesker, der krydsede hans vej, og alle de projekter han engagerede sig i og havde indflydelse på, er her beskrevet i hans nøgterne, alment forståelige og direkte stil, så man aldrig er i tvivl om hans sympatier.
Olaf Olsen var aktiv næsten lige til han døde hjemme på Alrø i Horsens Fjord, hvor han elskede at være.

 

Sanne-Marie Ekstrøm Jakobsen: Turen går til Vikingetiden

Sanne-Marie Ekstrøm Jakobsen: Turen går til Vikingetiden
168 sider, Politikens Forlag.

Bogen dækker små og store attraktioner i hele Danmark og viser vej til museer, ringborge, gravhøje, skibssætninger, runesten, vandreruter samt levendegjorte vikingemarkeder og bopladser, hvor man kan komme tæt på vikingetiden. En lang række baggrundsartikler, skrevet af eksperter, går bag om vikingetidens historie og samfund, kunst og kultur, natur og geografi. Guiden er desuden rigt illustreret med fotos og kort.

 

Kristoffer Flakstad: Skjoldungen - en moderne vikingesejlads

Kristoffer Flakstad: Skjoldungen - en moderne vikingesejlads
224 sider, Gyldendahl.

'Skjoldungen - en moderne vikingesejlads' er fortællingen om en rejse ivikingeskibet Skjoldungen, om besætningen, udfordringerne, mødet med et moderne Grønland og et besøg i den grønlandske historie fra Erik den Rødes tid til nu.

 

 

Oktober 2017

Jukka Jokilehto: A History of Architectural Conservation second edition

Jukka Jokilehto: A History of Architectural Conservation second edition (Ny)
494 sider, Routledge.

The first book to provide a full history of the development of architectural conservation, A History of Architectural Conservation is considered a landmark publication by architectural conservation students and professionals the world over. Twenty years after its first publication, this new edition of Jukka Jokilehto’s groundbreaking book continues the story to bring the history of architectural conservation right up to the modern day. Jokilehto draws on his distinguished career of over 40 years at ICCROM (International Centre for the Study of the Preservation and Restoration of Cultural Property, founded by UNESCO) to provide studies from Europe, the Middle East, the USA, Japan, India, China, Australia and South America. This accessible and well-written introduction to the history and theory of architectural conservation is richly illustrated in full colour and will be an essential go-to guide for students and practitioners worldwide.

 

Margaret Spufford & Susan Mee: The Clothing of the Common Sort, 1570-1700

Margaret Spufford & Susan Mee: The Clothing of the Common Sort, 1570-1700 (Ny)
351 sider, Oxford Academic Press.

Originally the work of the late Margaret Spufford, co-authored and completed by her former doctoral student, Susan Mee

Based on extensive research of probate accounts, poor relief records, and those few remaining objects from the period

Includes figures detailing costs and illustrations of the clothing

An indispensable reference not just for historians, but also for curators, picture researchers, and stage and film designers

Emily A. Winkler: Royal Responsibility in Anglo-Norman Historical Writing

Emily A. Winkler: Royal Responsibility in Anglo-Norman Historical Writing (Ny)
352 sider, Oxford Academic Press.

Examines how eleventh-century kings were portrayed in the writings of four post-conquest historians: William of Malmesbury, Henry of Huntingdon, John of Worcester, and Geffrei Gaimar

Substantially revises the current historical picture of eleventh-century England, by showing that twelfth-century historians' chronicles are products of a shared agenda, which indicates that historians need to avoid relying on them as evidence for the eleventh century

Employs a modern literary critical approach to examine established historical texts

Illuminates the nature of Englishness in the early twelfth century

Gives readers necessary context for considering kingship and responsibility in the Middle Ages and in medieval historical writing

Nick Holder: The Friaries of Medieval London - From Foundation to Dissolution

Nick Holder: The Friaries of Medieval London - From Foundation to Dissolution (Ny)
384 sider, Boydell Press.

The friaries of medieval London formed an important part of the city's physical and spiritual landscape between the thirteenth and sixteenth centuries. These urban monasteries housed 300 or more preacher-monks who lived an enclosed religious life and went out into the city to preach. The most important orders were the Dominican Black friars and the Franciscan Grey friars but London also had houses of Augustine, Carmelite and Crossed friars, and, in the thirteenth century, Sack and Pied friars.
This book offers an illustrated interdisciplinary study of these religious houses, combining archaeological, documentary, cartographic and architectural evidence to reconstruct the layout and organisation of nine priories. After analysing and describing the great churches and cloisters, and their precincts with burial grounds and gardens, it moves on to examine more general historical themes, including the spiritual life of the friars, their links to living and dead Londoners, and the role of the urban monastery. The closure of these friaries in the 1530s is also discussed, along with a brief revival of one friary in the reign of Mary.

Michelle P. Brown (ed.), Ildar H. Garipzanov  &(ed.), Benjamin C. Tilghman (ed.): Graphic Devices and the Early Decorated Book

Michelle P. Brown (ed.), Ildar H. Garipzanov  &(ed.), Benjamin C. Tilghman (ed.): Graphic Devices and the Early Decorated Book (Ny)
316 sider, Boydell Press.

In our electronic age, we are accustomed to the use of icons, symbols, graphs, charts, diagrams and visualisations as part of the vocabulary of communication. But this rich ecosystem is far from a modern phenomenon. Early medieval manuscripts demonstrate that their makers and readers achieved very sophisticated levels of "graphicacy". When considered from this perspective, many elements familiar to students of manuscript decoration - embellished characters in scripts, decorated initials, monograms, graphic symbols, assembly marks, diagrammatic structures, frames, symbolic ornaments, musical notation - are revealed to be not minor, incidental marks but crucial elements within the larger sign systems of manuscripts.
This interdisciplinary volume is the first to discuss the conflation of text and image with a specific focus on the appearance of various graphic devices in manuscript culture. By looking at their many forms as they appear from the fourth century to their full maturity in the long ninth century, its contributors demonstrate the importance of these symbols to understanding medieval culture.

Liza Picard: Chaucer's People: Everyday Lives in Medieval England

Liza Picard: Chaucer's People: Everyday Lives in Medieval England (Ny)
368 sider, W&N.

The Middle Ages were turbulent times. In the fourteenth century alone, England was ravaged by war, plague, revolt and the overthrow of a king. Among the surviving records, the poetry of Geoffrey Chaucer is the most vivid. But what does it tell us about the everyday lives of medieval men and women? What did people eat, wear, read and think?

Through the assorted cast of pilgrims Chaucer selected for The Canterbury Tales, Liza Picard brings medieval social history to life. These are lives led beyond the court circles frequented by most of Chaucer's well-heeled audience - lives spent at the pedal of a loom or in uncharted waters on the high seas.

Chaucer would sometimes raise a thought-provoking query in an apparently simple portrait. The Prioress was a sweet, pretty, well-mannered young nun; what was she doing on the road to Canterbury with a mixed band of men, instead of staying in her convent to pray? The Knight was 'a very perfect gentle knight'; but why had his military service landed him in such distant places as Lithuania and Spain? By providing these characters with a three-dimensional framework - the times in which they lived - Picard opens up the fourteenth-century world to us. Drawing on contemporary experiences of a vast range of subjects including trade, religion, toe-curling remedies and hair-raising recipes, Chaucer's People recreates the medieval world in all its glorious detail.

Bryan C. Keene & Alexandra Kaczenski: Sacred Landscapes: Nature in Renaissance Manuscripts

Bryan C. Keene & Alexandra Kaczenski: Sacred Landscapes: Nature in Renaissance Manuscripts
112 sider, Getty Museum.

Distant blue hills, soaring trees, vast cloudless skies—the majesty of nature has always had the power to lift the human spirit. For some it evokes a sense of timelessness and wonder. For others it reinforces religious convictions. And for many people today it raises concerns for the welfare of the planet.

During the Renaissance, artists from Italy to Flanders and England to Germany depicted nature in their religious art to intensify the spiritual experience of the viewer. Devotional manuscripts for personal or communal use—from small-scale prayer books to massive choir books—were filled with some of the most illusionistic nature studies of this period. Sacred Landscapes, which accompanies an exhibition at the  J. Paul Getty Museum, presents some of the most impressive examples of this art, gathering a wide range of illuminated manuscripts made between 1400 and 1600, as well as panel paintings, drawings, and decorative arts. Readers will see the influence of such masters as Albrecht Dürer, Jan van Eyck, Leonardo da Vinci, and Piero della Francesca and will gain new appreciation for manuscript illuminators like Simon Bening, Joris Hoefnagel, Vincent Raymond, and the Spitz Master. These artists were innovative in the early development of landscape painting and were revered through-out the early modern period. The authors provide thoughtful examination of works from the fifteenth through seventeenth centuries.

Grażyna Jurkowlaniec, Ika Matyjaszkiewicz & Zuzanna Sarnecka (eds.): The Agency of Things in Medieval and Early Modern Art - Materials, Power and Manipulation

Grażyna Jurkowlaniec, Ika Matyjaszkiewicz & Zuzanna Sarnecka (eds.): The Agency of Things in Medieval and Early Modern Art - Materials, Power and Manipulation
202 sider, Routeledge.
This volume explores the late medieval and early modern periods from the perspective of objects. While the agency of things has been studied in anthropology and archaeology, it is an innovative approach for art historical investigations. Each contributor takes as a point of departure active things: objects that were collected, exchanged, held in hand, carried on a body, assembled, cared for or pawned. Through a series of case studies set in various geographic locations, this volume examines a rich variety of systems throughout Europe and beyond.

 

Christian Rose, Matthias Figel, Johannes Wischmeyer, Friedemann Maurer, Matthias Kohler & Jens Junginger.Das evangelische Tuttlingen

Christian Rose, Matthias Figel, Johannes Wischmeyer, Friedemann Maurer, Matthias Kohler & Jens Junginger.Das evangelische Tuttlingen
184 sider, Kohlhammer W.

Im Jahr 2017 feiert Tuttlingen 500 Jahre Reformation sowie auch die Errichtung der evangelischen Stadtkirche vor 200 Jahren. Neben einem Essay über Ambrosius Blarer, den "Apostel Schwabens" und die Einführung der Reformation, die in Tuttlingen selber 1535 vonstatten ging, beleuchtet dieser Band die Geschichte des evangelischen Tuttlingen von der Frühen Neuzeit bis in die jüngste Gegenwart, beschreibt die industrielle Entwicklung der heute prosperierenden Region sowie das Schicksal der Gemeinde in der Zeit des Dritten Reiches.

 

Detlef Hopp (Autor),‎ Bianca Khil (Autor): Burgenland Essen: Burgen, Schlösser und feste Häuser in Essen

Detlef Hopp (Autor),‎ Bianca Khil (Autor): Burgenland Essen: Burgen, Schlösser und feste Häuser in Essen
132 sider, Klartext.

Essen ist reich an Schlössern, Burgen und Herrenhäusern, die sich über das gesamte Stadtgebiet verteilt aufspüren lassen. Die Stadtarchäologie bietet die Möglichkeit, die Stadt aus einer ungewöhnlichen Perspektive zu betrachten und die Burgenlandschaft Essen kennenzulernen. Die Schlösser, Burgen und Wallanlagen wollen entdeckt werden. Es gibt mehr davon in Essen als viele glauben. So unterschiedlich die vorgestellten Anlagen auch sind, sie haben schon immer das Interesse und die Neugierde der Bevölkerung geweckt und die Phantasie beflügelt. Nicht umsonst ranken sich um viele Burgen Sagen und Geschichten aus alter Zeit ...

 

Mads Runge (red.) & Jersper Hansen (red.): Knuds Odense – vikingernes by

Mads Runge (red.) & Jersper Hansen (red.): Knuds Odense – vikingernes by
220 sider, Odense By's Museer.

Den 19. maj åbnede udstillingen Knuds Odense – vikingernes by på Møntergården i Odense. Udstillingen kan besøges frem til d. 11. marts næste år. Titlen henviser til Danmarks sidste vikingekonge, kong Knud IV (senere Knud den Hellige), der blev dræbt d. 10. juli 1086 i Skt. Albani Kirke i Odense, og som i år 1100 blev kåret til Danmarks første helgen. Odense har sine rødder i vikingetiden; det er bl.a. navnet Odense –
Odins Vi – et bevis på.


Udstillingen præsenterer en række af de fornemme fund, som er gjort forud for de omfattende arkæologiske udgravninger i Odenses bymidte som forløber for Fra Gade til By-projektet. Desuden vises for første gang alle fundene fra vikingeborgen Nonnebakken, den fantastiske bispegrav fra Albani Kirke og Thomas Kluges imponerende maleri af Knud d. Hellige.
Men en udstilling er kun et ekstrakt af en meget større mængde viden. Med udgivelsen af bogen bag udstillingen præsenteres derfor langt flere detaljer om de mange gode fund. Bogen er som udstillingen bygget op i fire temaer – Odenses opståen, Kongens Odense, Bispens Odense og Borgerens Odense – og baserer sig på en række større og mindre forskningsprojekter fra arkæologer, historikere, naturvidenskabsfolk og konservatorer fra Odense Bys Museer og en række andre institutioner.
Bogen er således endnu et skridt i museets ambitioner inden for konceptet Knuds Odense – vikingernes by. Her bindes forskning og formidling til læg og lærd, i udstillinger, bøger, på internettet, i foredrag og byvandringer sammen.

 

Marian Bleeke: Motherhood and Meaning in Medieval Sculpture - Representations from France, c.1100-1500

Marian Bleeke: Motherhood and Meaning in Medieval Sculpture - Representations from France, c.1100-1500
216 sider, Boydell & Brewer.

An examination of women as mothers in medieval French sculpture.

What can medieval sculptural representations of women tell us about medieval women's experiences of motherhood? Presumably the work of male sculptors, working for clerical patrons, these sculptures are unlikely to have been shaped by women's maternal experiences during their production. Once produced, however, their beholders would have included women who were mothers and potential mothers, thus opening a space between the sculptures' intended meanings and other meanings liable to be produced by these women as they brought their own interests and concerns to these works of art.
Building on theories of reception and response, this book focuses on interactions between women as beholders and a range of sculptures made in France in the twelfth through sixteenth centuries, aiming to provide insight into women's experiences of motherhood; particular sculptures considered include the Annunciation and Visitation from Reims cathedral, the femme-aux-serpents from Moissac, the transi of Jeanne de Bourbon-Vendome, the Eve from Autun, and a number of French Gothic Virgin and Child sculptures.

Sari Nauman: Ordens kraft - Politiska eder i Sverige 1520–1718

Sari Nauman: Ordens kraft - Politiska eder i Sverige 1520–1718
254 sider, Nordic Academic Press.

Utväxlandet av eder mellan regent och under­såtar är en central politisk institution i histo­rien, såväl i Sverige som i andra länder. Eden har ofta antagits utgöra ett kontrakt i vilket regenten utlovade beskydd i utbyte mot lydnad och skatteintäkter, men i Ordens kraft ifråga­sätter historikern Sari Nauman en sådan uppfattning. Istället argu­men­terar hon för att eden syftade till att skapa tillit mellan parterna i en politisk relation.

Den tillit som skapades kunde dock ifrågasättas, och element av ovisshet kvarstod ständigt. Genom att analysera hur eder användes och hur ovissheten hanterades vid kröningar, krig, uppror och riksdagar undersöker Nauman varför och hur edsanvändningen förändrades 1520–1718. Resultaten pekar på att etablerandet av en skriftlig kultur förändrade för­utsätt­ningarna för den politiska relationen i grunden. Eder svors muntligt och var beroende av ett personligt möte för att åstadkomma tillit. Ett skriftligt dokument möjliggjorde däremot en ökad kontroll över undersåtar på avstånd, och erbjöd en längre tidshorisont för den politiska relationen. Allteftersom kontrollfunktionerna utvecklades minskade användandet av muntliga eder – kontroll konkurrerade ut tillit.

Jørn Henrik Petersen: Luthers socialetik og det moderne samfund

Jørn Henrik Petersen: Luthers socialetik og det moderne samfund
197 sider, Syddansk Universitetsforlag.

For Martin Luther havde næstekærlighed ikke kun en individuel, men også en kollektiv dimension. Individuel, når det drejer sig om mødet med det andet menneske – ansigt til ansigt. Kollektiv, fordi det også er nødvendigt at forankre næstekærligheden i samfundsmæssige regler, der sikrer omsorgen for den enkelte. Derfor forbliver Luther relevant, når man som denne bog søger at forstå hans virkningshistorie for velfærdsstaten og dens bevægelse mod konkurrencestaten.

Denne bog er en forkortet, forlænget og forenklet version af Fra Luther til konkurrencestaten, der udkom i 2016. Den er forkortet, fordi de mange mellemregninger, som knyttede den lutherske tænkning sammen med den moderne velfærdsstat og dens overgang til konkurrencestat, er udeladt. Forlænget, da det ligger i forskerens natur, at han ind imellem bliver klogere. Og forenklet, da mange direkte Luthercitater er omformuleret til moderne dansk.

 

Craig Harline: A World Ablaze: The Rise of Martin Luther and the Birth of the Reformation

Craig Harline: A World Ablaze: The Rise of Martin Luther and the Birth of the Reformation
312 sider, Oxford University Press.

October 2017 marks five hundred years since Martin Luther nailed his 95 theses to the church door in Wittenberg and launched the Protestant Reformation. At least, that's what the legend says. But with a figure like Martin Luther, who looms so large in the historical imagination, it's hard to separate the legend from the life, or even sometimes to separate assorted legends from each other. Over the centuries, Luther the man has given way to Luther the icon, a polished bronze figure on a pedestal.

In A World Ablaze, Craig Harline introduces us to the flesh-and-blood Martin Luther. Harline tells the riveting story of the first crucial years of the accidental crusade that would make Luther a legendary figure. He didn't start out that way; Luther was a sometimes-cranky friar and professor who worried endlessly about the fate of his eternal soul. He sought answers in the Bible and the Church fathers, and what he found distressed him even more -- the way many in the Church had come to understand salvation was profoundly wrong, thought Luther, putting millions of souls, not least his own, at risk of damnation. His ideas would pit him against numerous scholars, priests, bishops, princes, and the Pope, even as others adopted or adapted his cause, ultimately dividing the Church against itself. A World Ablaze is a tale not just of religious debate but of political intrigue, of shifting alliances and daring escapes, with Luther often narrowly avoiding capture, which might have led to execution. The conflict would eventually encompass the whole of Christendom and served as the crucible in which a new world was forged.

The Luther we find in these pages is not a statue to be admired but a complex figure -- brilliant and volatile, fretful and self-righteous, curious and stubborn. Harline brings out the immediacy, uncertainty, and drama of his story, giving readers a sense of what it felt like in the moment, when the ending was still very much in doubt. The result is a masterful recreation of a momentous turning point in the history of the world.

Peter Marshall: 1517: Martin Luther and the Invention of the Reformation

Peter Marshall: 1517: Martin Luther and the Invention of the Reformation
278 sider, Oxford University Press.

Martin Luther's posting of the 95 Theses to the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg on 31 October 1517 is one of the most famous events of Western history. It inaugurated the Protestant Reformation, and has for centuries been a powerful and enduring symbol of religious freedom of conscience, and of righteous protest against the abuse of power.

But did it actually really happen?

In this engagingly-written, wide-ranging and insightful work of cultural history, leading Reformation historian Peter Marshall reviews the available evidence, and concludes that, very probably, it did not. The theses-posting is a myth. And yet, Marshall argues, this fact makes the incident all the more historically significant. In tracing how--and why--a "non-event" ended up becoming a defining episode of the modern historical imagination. Marshall compellingly explores the multiple ways in which the figure of Martin Luther, and the nature of the Reformation itself, have been remembered and used for their own purposes by subsequent generations of Protestants and others--in Germany, Britain, the United States and elsewhere.

As people in Europe, and across the world, prepare to remember, and celebrate, the 500th anniversary of Luther's posting of the theses, this book offers a timely contribution and corrective. The intention is not to "debunk", or to belittle Luther's achievement, but rather to invite renewed reflection on how the past speaks to the present--and on how, all too often, the present creates the past in its own image and likeness.

Poul Porskær Poulsen (red.): Vejle Ådal - historie, natur, mennesker, kultur

Poul Porskær Poulsen (red.): Vejle Ådal - historie, natur, mennesker, kultur
384 sider, Byhistorisk Forlag, Vejle.

Vejle Fjord og Vejle Ådal hænger jo uløseligt sammen, og det var derfor naturligt også at beskrive den vestlige del af den store revne i jorden, som de til sammen udgør. I bogen tager vi turen fra Engelsholm Sø, ind i plantagerne, ud på den store hedeslette og ned i Randbøldal og Egtved Ådal. Videre forbi Tørskind, Ravning og Bindeballe, Bredsten, Vingsted, Skibet og Haraldskær og en hel del ind imellem. Turen slutter med den flotte indkørsel til Vejle med Knabberup Sø og Kongens Kær og med Vejles vestlige del. På turen fortæller forfattere og fotografer om geologi, natur, kulturhistorie, menneskelig virksomhed og meget andet.

 

Thorkild C. Lyby: Kirkesprængningen og Danmark - reformationshistoriske overvejelser

Thorkild C. Lyby: Kirkesprængningen og Danmark - reformationshistoriske overvejelser
226 sider, Aarhus Universitetsforlag.

I 1536 vandt Christian III Grevens Fejde og blev ubestridt konge af Danmark. Straks efter fængslede han de danske bisper og gennemførte reformationen. Traditionelt opfatter vi de turbulente år i 1500-tallet som et endegyldigt brud med fortiden. Men i reformationens tidlige årtier var modsætningerne ikke særligt skarpe, og overgangen til et protestantisk samfund var langt mere glidende, end vi typisk fastholder.

Thorkild C. Lyby, peger i Kirkesprængningen og Danmark på kontinuiteten og viser, hvordan reformatorerne ikke ønskede at bryde med traditionen, men derimod ville gøre op med århundreders afsporinger og vildskud for at føre det kristne fællesskab tilbage til dets hellige, oprindelige grundlag.

I bogen diskuterer Lyby blandt andet, om det overhovedet giver mening at betegne parterne som ”lutheranere” og ”katolikker” i reformationskampens tidligere år. Han fremlægger også et hidtil ukendt brev fra Roskilde-bispen Joachim Rønnow til Henrik VIII og argumenterer for en ny forståelse af bispens fængsling.

Bjørn Thomassen: Kampen om de danske sjæle - En ny fortælling om reformationen

Bjørn Thomassen: Kampen om de danske sjæle - En ny fortælling om reformationen
200 sider, Kristeligt dagblads forlag.

2017 er 500-året for reformationens udbrud først i Tyskland og efterfølgende nordpå. Det fejres nationalt og lokalt af både kirke, dronning og folketing. Da Danmark i 1536 officielt overgik til den evangelisk-lutherske tro, indgik stat og kirke et tæt og foreløbig ubrydeligt partnerskab.

Debattør og samfundsforsker Bjørn Thomassen kalder fejringen og forståelsen af reformationens betydning fordrejet og forsimplet. Vi hylder blandt meget andet forestillingen om, at Luther frisatte det moderne individ, gjorde op med de kirkelige pampere og autoriteter, indførte nationalsproget i kirken, demokratiserede samfundsinstitutionerne og banede vejen for en begyndende ligestilling af kvinder. 

Faktum er, at overgangen til protestantisme skete på en blodig baggrund af krig og undertrykkelse. Protestantismen blev påtvunget befolkningen og blev et middel til sindelagskontrol og ensretning ikke bare i Danmark, men også i Norge og de oversøiske kolonier. Hvor mange ved, at hekseprocesserne tog til efter reformationen? Fortællingen om den milde og tolerante danske kulturkristendom kræver et modsvar.

Tabernes historie skal afdækkes. Katolikker og jøder fik først sent samme borgerrettigheder som protestanter. Forholdet mellem nation og religion tåler at blive brudt – vores danskhed og kristendomsforståelse bør langtfra være bundet til Luther alene.

Reformationen var en kamp om sjælene – forfatteren går klart og kritisk til kamp mod myterne om Luthers herligheder. Ikke i et religionskritisk opgør, men for at lukke op for en ny og mere mangfoldig fortælling om de kulturelle, videnskabelige og kirkelige rigdomme, ressourcer og grupperinger, vi bør lære at kende som en del af historien om tiden før og efter reformationen.

Torben Svendrup: Når ræven vogter gæs -  Reformationen i danske kalkmalerier

Torben Svendrup: Når ræven vogter gæs -  Reformationen i danske kalkmalerier
352
sider,  Kristeligt dagblads forlag

På mange måder var kalkmalerierne i sognekirkerne de almindelige danskeres røst i middelalderen.

Gennem tiendebetalingen og systemet med kirkeværger havde bønderne selv en stor indflydelse på, hvad der blevmalet. Gennem disse billederkommer man tæt på de middelalderlige mennesker, og derfor er det også en godindgang til at forstå, hvordanalmindelige bønder så på samfundet og på kirken op til og under reformationen.

Mange af kalkmalerierne er fulde af provokerende, frække og til tider grænseoverskridende motiver, der ikke lader vore dages religionskritik og satire noget tilbage. Især kirkens autoriteter fra præst overbiskop til pave bliver bogstaveligt klædt af til skindet. Et folkeligt oprør lurede og ulmede mao. i flere årtier, før den egentlige reformation tog form fra 1517 og i 1536 kulminerede med indførelsen af protestantisme som officiel trosretning i Danmark.

 

Bjørn Westerbeek Dahl: Til Rigets forsvar og Byens gavn - Københavns byplanlægning 1600 - 1728 - tre bind

Bjørn Westerbeek Dahl: Til Rigets forsvar og Byens gavn - Københavns byplanlægning 1600 - 1728
1070 sider, 3 bd.,Museum Tusculanums Forlag.

København forvandledes i årene 1600–1728 fra en lille by afmiddelalderligt tilsnit til ‘Kongens København’, der medlange lige gader og symmetri bar præg af barokkens idealer.Byen var omsluttet af fæstningsværkerne, der gav byen denramme, den havde frem til voldenes fald i 1870.Planerne for fæstning og by fulgtes ad. Under Christian4. blev de gamle fæstningsværker fornyede og byen udvidet.I 1649 udtænkte Rigsråd og Frederik 3. et nyt projektfor fæstning og by, der efter svenskernes belejring 1658–60blev ændret med opførelsen af Kastellet. Centralt i fortællingenstår Kongens Nytorv, byens centrale plads, som manforsøgte at give en harmonisk form. Først ved opførelsen afen ny hovedvagt i 1680 og opstillingen af Christian 5.s rytterstatuei 1688 kom der nogenlunde styr på symmetrien.Dette stort anlagte trebindsværk om Københavns militæreog civile byplanlægning giver et helt nyt billede af,hvor stor betydning 1600-tallets udbygninger havde forbyen. Heri fortælles om de ingeniører, daglejere og voldmestre,der arbejdede på fæstningen, og samtidig gennemgåsde særlige forhold, skiftende kommandanter måttetage stilling til i spørgsmål om portenes lukketider, adgangtil voldene mm.Værket er rigt illustreret med mange hidtil ukendte kortog tegninger fra samtiden.Bjørn Westerbeek Dahl er bibliotekar og historiker og hartidligere udgivet monografier om bl.a. Fredericias og Nyborgs fæsstningsværker. 

 

Keld Zeruneith: De sidste tider - en angelsaksisk overgangshistorie - hedenskab heroisme kristendom

Keld Zeruneith: De sidste tider - en angelsaksisk overgangshistorie - hedenskab heroisme kristendom
331 sider, Gyldendal.

Da vikingerne hærgede i England, fandtes der allerede en enestående poesi i landet, unik i verdenslitteraturen og en central kilde til forståelse af vores historie og bevidsthedsverden.Med hovedvægt på heltekvadet Beowulf, der til dels udspiller sig i Danmark og handler om en heroisk, afholdt, stærk og frygtløs konge, der nedkæmpede alle på sin vej, beskriver dr.phil., forfatter Keld Zeruneith for første gang på dansk hele denne digtning, der skabtes fra sidste halvdel af 600-tallet, og som skildrer det paradigmeskifte, der indtræder i Nordeuropa ved overgangen fra hedenskab til kristendom.Suzanne Brøgger har gendigtet et udvalg af de væsentligste digte, der bringes bagest i bogen.

 

Landesamt für Denkmalpflege: Hansestadt Lübeck

Landesamt für Denkmalpflege: Hansestadt Lübeck
800 sider, Wachholz verlag.

Historische Stätten, Häuser und Denkmale – in der seit 1987 als UNESCO-Weltkulturerbe ausgewiesenen Lübecker Innenstadt gehören diese so selbstverständlich zum Stadtbild wie die Nähe zur Ostsee. Erstmals versammelt dieser Band umfassend alle Kulturdenkmale der Innen- und Altstadt und verzeichnet deren Lage und Bedeutung. Gerahmt wird dieser Katalog der Denkmale mit einem historischen Abschnitt, der einen Einblick in die städtebauliche Entwicklung gibt. Mit zahlreichen Bildern, vielen Einzeldarstellungen und historischen Überblicken zeigt sich hier die reiche Denkmallandschaft Lübecks mit all ihren Veränderung, untergegangenen Bauten und vorhandenen Kulturdenkmalen.

 

Oliver Auge & Katja Hillebrand: Klöster in Schleswig-Holstein - Von den Anfängen bis zur Reformation

Oliver Auge & Katja Hillebrand: Klöster in Schleswig-Holstein - Von den Anfängen bis zur Reformation
200 sider, Wachholtz Verlag.

Bordesholm, Ratzeburg, Ahrensbök, Lübeck oder Cismar – in Schleswig-Holstein gibt es zahlreiche Klöster zu entdecken, die Tradition und Gegenwart auf einzigartige Weise verbinden. Wie kaum ein anderer Ort sind sie Kristallisationspunkte für regionale Kultur, Kunstschätze und landesweite Geschichte, oft weit über Landesgrenzen hinaus. Der Historiker Oliver Auge und die Bauhistorikerin Katja Hillebrand geben einen kenntnisreichen Einblick in die Geschichte der Klöster in Schleswig-Holstein. Begleitet durch rund 150 Bilder entsteht ein Porträt der Klosterlandschaft nördlich der Elbe - tauchen Sie ein in die faszinierende Geschichte, die beeindruckende Architektur und die Orte voll besinnlicher Stille!

 

Stian Suppersberger (red): Foreigners and Outside Influences in Medieval Norway

Stian Suppersberger (red): Foreigners and Outside Influences in Medieval Norway
124 sider, Archaeopress.

Foreigners and Outside Influences in Medieval Norway results from an international conference held in Bergen, Norway, in March 2016, entitled ‘Multidisciplinary approaches to improving our understanding of immigration and mobility in pre-modern Scandinavia (1000-1900)’. The articles in this volume discuss different aspects of immigration and foreign influences in medieval Norway, from the viewpoint of different academic disciplines. The book will give the reader an insight into how the population of medieval Norway interacted with the surrounding world, how and by whom it was influenced, and how the population was composed.

 

September 2017

Katherine Ellison (ed.) & Susan Kim (ed.): A Material History of Medieval and Early Modern Ciphers - Cryptography and the History of Literacy

Katherine Ellison (ed.) & Susan Kim (ed.): A Material History of Medieval and Early Modern Ciphers - Cryptography and the History of Literacy (Ny)
286 sider, Routledge.
The first cultural history of early modern cryptography, this collection brings together scholars in history, literature, music, the arts, mathematics, and computer science who study ciphering and deciphering from new materialist, media studies, cognitive studies, disability studies, and other theoretical perspectives. Essays analyze the material forms of ciphering as windows into the cultures of orality, manuscript, print, and publishing, revealing that early modern ciphering, and the complex history that preceded it in the medieval period, not only influenced political and military history but also played a central role in the emergence of the capitalist media state in the West, in religious reformation, and in the scientific revolution. Ciphered communication, whether in etched stone and bone, in musical notae, runic symbols, polyalphabetic substitution, algebraic equations, graphic typographies, or literary metaphors, took place in contested social spaces and offered a means of expression during times of political, economic, and personal upheaval. Ciphering shaped the early history of linguistics as a discipline, and it bridged theological and scientific rhetoric before and during the Reformation. Ciphering was an occult art, a mathematic language, and an aesthetic that influenced music, sculpture, painting, drama, poetry, and the early novel. This collection addresses gaps in cryptographic history, but more significantly, through cultural analyses of the rhetorical situations of ciphering and actual solved and unsolved medieval and early modern ciphers, it traces the influences of cryptographic writing and reading on literacy broadly defined as well as the cultures that generate, resist, and require that literacy. This volume offers a significant contribution to the history of the book, highlighting the broader cultural significance of textual materialities.

 

Brian FitzGerald: Inspiration and Authority in the Middle Ages - Prophets and their Critics from Scholasticism to Humanism

Brian FitzGerald: Inspiration and Authority in the Middle Ages - Prophets and their Critics from Scholasticism to Humanism (Ny)
304 sider, Oxford Academic Press.

Offers a new narrative of the importance of prophetic inspiration in medieval culture

Focuses on significant medieval thinkers such as Hugh of St Victor, Thomas Aquinas, and Peter John Olivi

Allows the reader to see the medieval origins of Italian humanism during the Renaissance in its wider historical context

Provides narratives which will be of interest to intellectual and religious historians, scholars of medieval literary theory, and scholars of the early Italian Renaissance

Based on extensive research using unpublished manuscripts from England, France, and Italy

 

Bettina Bildhauer (ed.) & Chris Jones (ed.): The Middle Ages in the Modern World - Twenty-first century perspectives

Bettina Bildhauer (ed.) & Chris Jones (ed.): The Middle Ages in the Modern World - Twenty-first century perspectives (Ny)
384 sider, Oxford Academic Press.

An important contribution to an emerging field - medievalism

Includes contributions by academic and non-academic authors, e.g. musicians, novelists, librarians, and museum curators

A substantial introduction surveys the field and highlights emerging features of medievalism

Ranges across disciplines and art forms

Illustrated throughout and with eight colour plates

 

Laura McAtackney (ed.) & Krysta Ryzewski (ed.): Contemporary Archaeology and the City - Creativity, Ruination, and Political Action

Laura McAtackney (ed.) & Krysta Ryzewski (ed.): Contemporary Archaeology and the City - Creativity, Ruination, and Political Action (Ny)
288 sider, Oxford Academic Press.

Contributions from a diverse set of international scholars

Introduces and expands upon the practices, methods, and theories of contemporary archaeology

Foregrounding discussions of post-industrialization - its effects and consequences on contemporary cities and citizens

Timely and relevant discussions of present-day political, social, and other issues as they affect cities worldwide

Focused and diverse case studies

 

Thomas Williams: Viking Britain: An Exploration

Thomas Williams: Viking Britain: An Exploration (Ny)
416, William Collins.

To many, the word ‘Viking’ brings to mind red scenes of rape and pillage, of marauders from beyond the sea rampaging around the British coastline in the last gloomy centuries before the Norman Conquest. It is true that Britain in the Viking Age was a turbulent, violent place. The kings and warlords who have impressed their memories on the period revel in names that fire the blood and stir the imagination: Svein Forkbeard and Edmund Ironside, Ivar the Boneless and Alfred the Great, Erik Bloodaxe and Edgar the Pacifier amongst many others. Evidence for their brutality, their dominance, their avarice and their pride is still unearthed from British soil with stunning regularity.

But this is not the whole story.

In Viking Britain, Thomas Williams has drawn on his experience as project curator of the British Museum exhibition of Vikings: Life and Legend to show how the people we call Vikings came not just to raid and plunder, but to settle, to colonize and to rule. The impact on these islands was profound and enduring, shaping British social, cultural and political development for hundreds of years. Indeed, in language, literature, place-names and folklore, the presence of Scandinavian settlers can still be felt, and their memory – filtered and refashioned through the writings of people like J.R.R. Tolkien, William Morris and G.K.Chesterton – has transformed the western imagination.

This remarkable makes use of new academic research and first-hand experience, drawing deeply from the relics and landscapes that the Vikings and their contemporaries fashioned and walked: their runestones and ship burials, settlements and battlefields, poems and chronicles. The book offers a vital evocation of a forgotten world, its echoes in later history and its implications for the present.

Shannon McSheffrey: Seeking Sanctuary - Crime, Mercy, and Politics in English Courts, 1400-1550

Shannon McSheffrey: Seeking Sanctuary - Crime, Mercy, and Politics in English Courts, 1400-1550 (Ny)
288 sider, Oxford University Press.

Explores a curious aspect of premodern English law: the right of felons to shelter in a church or ecclesiastical precinct, remaining safe from arrest and trial in the king's courts

Challenges the accepted knowledge that the practice of using churches as sanctuaries died out after the medieval times

Seeks to understand why this phenomenon flourished again under the Tudor regime

Offers a new way to look at how law, religion, culture, and politics intersect over the period 1400-1550

Presents evidence through vivid stories of crime and political machinations uncovered in the archival records of the time

 

Morten Larsen (red.): Reformationen i Nordjylland - Fra Wittenberg til Vrå

Morten Larsen (red.): Reformationen i Nordjylland - Fra Wittenberg til Vrå
96 sider, Nordjyllands Historiske Museum & Vendsyssel Historiske Museum.

I 2017 er det 500 år siden, at Martin Luther slog sine teser mod afladshandlen op på kirkedøren i Wittenberg. Det blev startskuddet til Reformationen – en lang og kompliceret religiøs konflikt, der gav genlyd over hele Europa, og som endnu den dag i dag har stor betydning for kultur og samfund. Også lokalt kunne konsekvenserne af Reformationen mærkes, og i en ny bog præsenterer seks forskellige fagfolk, med udgangspunkt i arkæologi, historie og teologi, en række aspekter af denne betydende
religiøse konflikt – set fra et nordjysk perspektiv.

Bogen, Reformationen i Nordjylland, er blevet til i et samarbejde mellem Aalborg Stift, Nordjyllands Historiske Museum og Vendsyssel Historiske Museum og udgives på forlaget Nordjylland. Den er redigeret af Morten Larsen og kan købes i museumsbutikken på Vendsyssel Historiske Museum og Aalborg Historiske Museum eller bestilles på mail historisk_museum@aalborg.dk

Ved udgivelsen talte biskop over Aalborg Stift, Henning Toft Bro, som også har skrevet bogens forord. Her sagde han bl.a.: ”Reformationen er en levende del af også vores nordjyske hverdag. Det kaster bogens artikler lys over”.

”Reformationen fejres ikke kun som en historisk begivenhed, men også som en del af den nordjyske dagligdag, hvor dens virkning stadig kan spores i hverdagen. For selvom Luther virkede i Wittenberg i Sachsen, så bredte hans tanker sig langt ud over det tyske område og kom også til Danmark, hvor Reformationen og de lutherske tanker satte et afgørende præg på vores kirke, samfund og tankeverden. Således satte den også præg på Nordjylland, hvor Reformationen blev særligt bevægende med regulære
stridigheder, og hvor skikkelser som Skipper Clement og Stygge Krumpen endnu den dag i dag er levende i nordjydernes erindring.


I denne bog spores noget af den betydning, som Reformationen fik både i Danmark som helhed og i
Nordjylland i særdeleshed. Bogen er et frugtbart samarbejde mellem historisk museum i Aalborg og Hjørring og folkekirken i Aalborg Stift. Der er kun grund til at hilse et sådan initiativ velkomment, da vi med vores fælles udgangspunkt og forskellige sigtepunkter kun kan berige vores viden om Reformationen”.

 

Francis P. McManamon (ed.): New Perspectives in Cultural Resource Management

Francis P. McManamon (ed.): New Perspectives in Cultural Resource Management
300 sider, Routeledge.

New Perspectives in Cultural Resource Management describes the historic developments, current challenges, and future opportunities presented by contemporary Cultural Resource Management (CRM). CRM is a substantial aspect of archaeology, history, historical architecture, historical preservation, and public policy in the US and other countries.  Chapter authors are innovators and leaders in the development and contemporary practice of CRM.  Collectively they have conducted thousands of investigations and managed programs at local, state, tribal, and national levels. The chapters provide perspectives on the methods, policies, and procedures of historical and contemporary CRM. Recommendations are provided on current practices likely to be effective in the coming decades.

 

Steffen Heiberg: Christian 4 - en europæisk statsmand

Steffen Heiberg: Christian 4 - en europæisk statsmand (3. udgave)
567 sider, Lindhardt og Ringhof.

Tredje udgave af Steffen Heibergs bog om Christian 4.  er endnu engang en spændende og nuanceret fremstilling af vor berømte renæssancekonges dramatiske og foretagsomme liv - en levende skildring af en modsætningsfyldt personlighed.

Bogen er rigt illlustreret med fantastiske malerier og portrætter, breve fra hele hans lange liv, samtidige kort, satiriske flyveblade mm. Dele af materialet har ikke tidligere været publiceret.

 

Joakim Jakobsen: Ord der formede Danmark: 1500 års historie fortalt gennem citater

Joakim Jakobsen: Ord der formede Danmark: 1500 års historie fortalt gennem citater
565 sider, Lindhardt og Ringhof.

I "Ord der formede Danmark" af Joakim Jakobsen bliver 1500 års historie fortalt gennem citater, talemåder, ordsprog, lovtekster og meget mere. Læs de ord, der har påvirket Danmark.

Ordet er en magtfuld ting, og det har eksisteret i årtusinder. I "Ord der formede Danmark" bevæger Joakim Jakobsen hele vejen tilbage til år 550. Her finder du dermed alle de ord igennem historien, der har været med til at forme Danmark på både godt og ondt.

Her er ord fra sange, taler, runesten, artikler, reklameslogans, talemåder og mange flere ordrige kilder.

 

Peter Christensen Teilmann: Hofteatret i tiden 1767-2017

Peter Christensen Teilmann: Hofteatret i tiden 1767-2017
132 sider, Teatermuseet.

Hofteatret er Danmarks ældste stadig fungerende teaterbygning. Men Hofteatret var og er meget mere end det. Hofteatret ligger på Christaisnborg Ridebane, som en del af det første Christiansborg Slotskompleks, hvor selve slotsbygningen brændte ned til grunden i 1794. Hofteatret er flere gange blevet tilføjet små ændringer og en enkelt gang i 1840’erne udsat for en større renovering. Hver gang er det sket på én og samme gang for at bevare og pleje det originale Hofteater og samtidig forny teatret, så det nu igennem snart 250 år har kunnet fungere som en helt central placeret institution på Slotsholmen og som et sted og miljø for kunstneriske og kulturelle aktiviteter. Men Hofteatret er stadig i en vis udstrækning et af de mere hemmelige steder på Slotsholmen, gemt bag Folketinget og inde bag Christiansborg Ridebanes sikrede adgange. Hofteatrets interiører og vægge rummer et kvart årtusindes historier og begivenheder, gemt i væggene og dokumenteret i vores arkiver og samlinger.

 

John Erichsen: Brødrene Classen - veje til rigdom, magt og udødelighed

John Erichsen: Brødrene Classen - veje til rigdom, magt og udødelighed
323 sider, Gyldendal.

Bogen om brødrene Classen er en dobbelt-biografi og et tidsbillede, der tegner et portræt af Oplysningstidens førende borgerskab og vejene til rigdom, magt og udødelighed. Hovedpersonerne er den udadvendte, karismatiske norskfødte Johan Frederik Classen (1725-92) og den 13-år yngre broder, Peter Hersleb Classen (1738-1825), der sammen grundlagde den stadig eksisterende fond: Det Classenske Fideicommis.

 

John Hines, Nelleke IJssennagger (eds.): Frisians and their North Sea Neighbours - From the Fifth Century to the Viking Age

John Hines, Nelleke IJssennagger (eds.): Frisians and their North Sea Neighbours - From the Fifth Century to the Viking Age
299 sider, Boydell & Brewer.

An investigation into the mysterious Frisians, drawing together evidence from linguistic, textual and archaeological sources.

From as early as the first century AD, learned Romans knew of more than one group of people living in north-western Europe beyond their Empire's Gallic provinces whose names contained the element that gives us modern "Frisian". These were apparently Celtic-speaking peoples, but that population was probably completely replaced in the course of the convulsions that Europe underwent during the fourth and fifth centuries. While the importance of linguistically Germanic Frisians as neighbours of the Anglo-Saxons, Franks, Saxons and Danes in the centuries immediately following the fall of the Roman Empire in the West is widely recognized, these folk themselves remain enigmatic, the details of their culture and organization unfamiliar to many.
The Frisian population and their lands, including all the coastal communities of the North sea region and their connections with the Baltic shores, form the focal point of this volume, though viewed often through comparison with, or even through the eyes of, their neighbours. The essays present the most up-to-date discoveries, research and interpretation, combining and integrating linguistic, textual and archaeological evidence; they follow the story of the various Frisians through from the Roman Period to the next great period of disruption and change introduced by the Viking Scandinavians.

Brad S. Gregory:Rebel in the Ranks: Martin Luther, the Reformation, and the Conflicts That Continue to Shape Our World

Brad S. Gregory:Rebel in the Ranks: Martin Luther, the Reformation, and the Conflicts That Continue to Shape Our World
304 sider, HarperOne.

When Martin Luther published his 95 Theses in October 1517, he had no intention of starting a revolution. But very quickly his criticism of indulgences became a rejection of the papacy and the Catholic Church emphasizing the Bible as the sole authority for Christian faith, radicalizing a continent, fracturing the Holy Roman Empire, and dividing Western civilization in ways Luther—a deeply devout professor and spiritually-anxious Augustinian friar—could have never foreseen, nor would he have ever endorsed. From Germany to England, Luther’s ideas inspired spontaneous but sustained uprisings and insurrections against civic and religious leaders alike, pitted Catholics against Protestants, and because the Reformation movement extended far beyond the man who inspired it, Protestants against Protestants. The ensuing disruptions prompted responses that gave shape to the modern world, and the unintended and unanticipated consequences of the Reformation continue to influence the very communities, religions, and beliefs that surround us today.

 

How Luther inadvertently fractured the Catholic Church and reconfigured Western civilization is at the heart of renowned historian Brad Gregory’s Rebel in the Ranks. While recasting the portrait of Luther as a deliberate revolutionary, Gregory describes the cultural, political, and intellectual trends that informed him and helped give rise to the Reformation, which led to conflicting interpretations of the Bible, as well as the rise of competing churches, political conflicts, and social upheavals across Europe. Over the next five hundred years, as Gregory’s account shows, these conflicts eventually contributed to further epochal changes—from the Enlightenment and self-determination to moral relativism, modern capitalism, and consumerism, and in a cruel twist to Luther’s legacy, the freedom of every man and woman to practice no religion at all.  

 

With the scholarship of a world-class historian and the keen eye of a biographer, Gregory offers readers an in-depth portrait of Martin Luther, a reluctant rebel in the ranks, and a detailed examination of the Reformation to explain how the events that transpired five centuries ago still resonate—and influence us—today.

Barbara A. Hanawalt: Ceremony and Civility - Civic Culture in Late Medieval London

Barbara A. Hanawalt: Ceremony and Civility - Civic Culture in Late Medieval London
248 sider, Oxford University Press.

London’s civic ceremonies marked the relationships between the mayors and the crown, but also between denizens and their government, gild wardens and members, masters and apprentices, and parishioners and their church. London, like all premodern cities, was made up of immigrants. The number of people who were citizens (who enjoyed the “freedom of the city”) was a small proportion of the inhabitants. The newly arrived had to be taught the civic culture of the city so that the city could function peacefully. Ritual and ceremony played a key role in the acculturation process. In a society in which hierarchical authority was most commonly determined by the inheritance of title and office or sanctified by ordination, elected civic officials relied on rituals to cement their authority, power, and dominance. Since the term of office was a year, the election and inauguration of city officials had to be very public, and the robes of office had to distinguish the officers so that everyone would know who they were. Apprentices entering the city to take up a trade were educated in civic culture by their masters. Gilds also provided experience in leadership through gild governance. Again, rituals, oath swearing, and distinctive livery marked their belonging. Those who rebelled against authority and who broke the civic ordinances were made spectacles of through ritual humiliations so that others could learn from their example. At the parish level, and even at the level of the street, civic behavior was taught through example, proclamations, and ballads.

 

Mark Hagger: Norman Rule in Normandy 911-1144

Mark Hagger: Norman Rule in Normandy 911-1144
776 sider, Boydell Press.

In around 911, the Viking adventurer Rollo was granted the city of Rouen and its surrounding district by the Frankish King Charles the Simple. Two further grants of territory followed in 924 and 933. But while Frankish kings might grant this land to Rollo and his son, William Longsword, these two Norman dukes and their successors had to fight and negotiate with rival lords, hostile neighbours, kings, and popes in order to establish and maintain their authority over it.
This book explores the geographical and political development of what would become the duchy of Normandy, and the relations between the dukes and these rivals for their lands and their subjects' fidelity. It looks, too, at the administrative machinery the dukes built to support their regime, from their toll-collectors and vicomtes (an official similar to the English sheriff) to the political theatre of their courts and the buildings in which they were staged. At the heart of this exercise are the narratives that purport to tell us about what the dukes did, and the surviving body of the dukes' diplomas. Neither can be taken at face value, and both tell us as much about the concerns and criticisms of the dukes' subjects as they do about the strength of the dukes' authority. The diplomas, in particular, because most of them were not written by scribes attached to the dukes' households but rather by their beneficiaries, can be used to recover something of how the dukes' subjects saw their rulers, as well as something of what they wanted or needed from them. Ducal power was the result of a dialogue, and this volume enables both sides to speak.

 

Oliver Auge: Kiel in der Geschichte  - Facetten einer Stadtbiografie

Oliver Auge: Kiel in der Geschichte  - Facetten einer Stadtbiografie
272 sider, Wachholz Verlag

Kiel ist vielfältig: alte Hansestadt, Residenzstadt, Universitätsstadt, Arbeiterstadt, Sailing City, Landeshauptstadt – Großstadt. Kenntnisreich vermittelt Oliver Auge ein farbiges Bild einer Stadt mit Geschichte, Lebensqualität – und Zukunft. Tauchen Sie ein in eine abwechslungsreiche Stadtbiografie, so facettenreich und lebendig wie Kiel, seine Geschichte und seine Menschen.

Norbert Fischer: Schleswig-Holstein. Das kleine Lexikon. Von Amrum bis Wikinger

Norbert Fischer: Schleswig-Holstein. Das kleine Lexikon. Von Amrum bis Wikinger
196 sider, Wachholtz Verlag.

Das gibt es nur im Norden! Was ist eigentlich Knallköm? Wer war Martje Flor? Und wie macht man Schraderpuffer? „Das kleine Lexikon“ kennt die Antwort auf diese und viele weitere Fragen: Es erklärt schleswig-holsteinische Traditionen, bedeutende Orte, berühmte Persönlichkeiten und alles, was den Norden ausmacht. Einige dieser Begriffe sind schon ein paar Jahrhunderte alt, andere erst kürzlich hinzugekommen – gemeinsam aber machen sie das Besondere an Schleswig-Holsteins Land und Kultur aus. Mit vielen farbigen Abbildungen lädt dieses kleine Lexikon Sie ein, sich auf eine Entdeckungstour durch den Norden zu machen!

 

Esther Fihl: The governor's residence in Tranquebar - the house and the daily life of its people, 1770-1845

Esther Fihl: The governor's residence in Tranquebar - the house and the daily life of its people, 1770-1845
311 sider, Museum Tusculanum.

I 1620 etableredes den første danske bosættelse på den indiske halvø, i den lille fiskerlandsby Trankebar, der vender ud mod Det indiske Ocean ved Coromandelkysten i det sydlige Indien. I løbet af de næste 225 år fungerede Trankebar som kolonial handelsstation under dansk flag, indtil det blev solgt til briterne i 1845. Fra 1784 boede de udstationerede danske guvernører af Trankebar i et smukt og prangende hus, bygget i en unik, hybrid kolonialarkitektur.Denne bog bruger det hus som en prisme, hvorigennem forfatterne præsenterer og analyserer en række emne, heriblandt selve bygningens arkitektur og indretning; guvernørerne og deres familiers følelser af på én gang at være både hjemme og langt hjemmefra; de kulturmøder og -udvekslinger, der fandt sted mellem husets beboere og deres indiske stab samt det bredere indiske miljø af handlende, tempelpræster, royale udsendinge osv.; de komplicerede politiske landskaber, hvori alle guvernørerne måtte manøvrere og balancere pres fra andre magter i området, indiske såvel som europæiske; samt Trankebars status som en repræsentant for Danmark placeret i en indisk ramme, der var præget af kaster baseret på komplekse økonomiske udvekslinger samt rang- og identitetsritualer.Med sine historier fra det danske Trankebar, en af de mindre spillere på det indiske kontinent, afdækker bogen nye analytiske perspektiver af international politik og alliancer i det koloniale Indien og kan dermed nuancere studiet af kulturmøder med Europa – et fagområde, der i høj grad er blevet determineret af den altoverskyggende britiske tilstedeværelse.Bogen hægter sig op på den stadig voksende interesse for steder med rige koloniale og postkoloniale historier, ikke kun i Indien, men over hele verden.

J.R.L. Allen: Geology for Archaeologists

J.R.L. Allen: Geology for Archaeologists
140 sider, Archaeopress.

This short introduction aims to provide archaeologists of all backgrounds with a grounding in the principles, materials, and methods of geology. Sections include coverage of main rock-forming minerals and classes of rocks. Geological maps and structures are introduced, and the elements of geological stratigraphy and dating are explained and related to archaeological experience. Fluvial and coastal environments are important archaeological landscapes and their formation processes, sediments and topography are outlined. Stone for building, implement-making, tool-making, and making mortar are all discussed, followed by an introduction to clays and ceramics. A final chapter introduces metallurgical landscapes: metalliferous ores, mining and smelting, and metal-making industries. Each chapter ends with a short reading list, and many have selected case-histories in illustration of the points made. Included is a glossary of technical terms.

 

Annette Lassen: Islændingesagaernes verden (intro)

Annette Lassen: Islændingesagaernes verden (intro)
168 sider, Gyldendal.

I 2014 udkom for første gang de 40 islandske sagaer nyoversat til dansk i et fembinds pragtværk på Saga Forlag, Islændingesagaerne: Samtlige sagaer og niogfyrre totter. Nu udgiver Gyldendal efter aftale med Saga Forlag et udvalgaf de nyoversatte sagaer i en serie moderne og prisvenlige bøger. Hvert bind er forsynet med forord, kort og register.Islændingesagaerne er uden sidestykke i verdenslitteraturen og spiller en vigtig rolle som kilde til de gamle nordboers historie. Det er stort anlagte fortællinger med stærke persontegninger om livet blandt frie bønder på Island i vikingetiden i perioden fra ca. år 930 til år 1030. De fleste islændingesagaer følger en ung helts rejse til Norge, Danmark, Sverige, England, Irland eller steder endnu længere væk.Serien er på pt seks bind. De tre første udkommer 1. september 2017. De to næste følger i 2018, og sjette bind er klar på et endnu ikke fastlagt tidspunkt.Samtidig med de tre september-bøger udgives også en introduktion til serien skrevet af Annette Lassen, der er lektor på Københavns Universitet og forsker i den norrøne litteratur. Hun var redaktør på den oprindelige danske udgave af det store fembindsværk og har som ekstern redaktør også hovedansvaret for Gyldendals genudgivelsesserie. Introduktionsbogen ISLÆNDINGESAGAERNES VERDEN indeholder blandt andet oplysninger om Islands litteratur i middelalderen, islændingesagaernes alder, tradition, fortælling og stil samt islændingesagaernes samfund, herunder religion, kærlighed og retsforhold.

Jesper Brandt Andersen:Thomas Bartholin - fra enhjørninger til lymfekar - lægen og anatomen

Jesper Brandt Andersen:Thomas Bartholin - fra enhjørninger til lymfekar - lægen og anatomen
414 sider, F.A.D.L.

Thomas Bartholin er en af danmarkshistoriens mest ikoniske og betydningsfulde læger. Han levede i 1600-tallet og gjorde en revolutionerede opdagelse af lymfekarrene, som fik forskere og læger i hele Europa til at valfarte til Københavns Universitet. Thomas Bartholin blev født for 400 år siden, men hans opdagelser og forskning har stadig betydning i dag. 

Jesper Brandt Andersen har skrevet denne forunderlige bog om en af de mest indflydelsesrige og interessante personer i lægevidenskaben. En mand der gjorde revolutionerende opdagelser om menneskekroppen, men også skrev bøger om eventyrlige fabeldyr.  

 

Mette Byriel-Thygesen: Brug dit museum!

Mette Byriel-Thygesen: Brug dit museum!
61 sider, Nationalmuseet & HistorieLab.
Gratis: http://historielab.dk/til-undervisningen/udgivelser/brug-dit-museum/#wp_lightbox_prettyPhoto/1/

Publikationen er et inspirationshæfte til skoler og museer. Hovedformålet er at give lærere inspiration til at bruge de omkringliggende museer på egen hånd i deres undervisning. Yderligere har hæftet også til formål at give museerne inspiration til sådanne forløb og ideer til skolernes alternative brug af museets samlinger og områder.

Der er for eksempel inspiration til at lade eleverne være miniguider og eksperter på museet, samt inspiration til brug af byrummet og undervisning i lokalhistorie.

Det nationale projekt Nye Veje afsluttedes den 20. april 2017 med seminaret ”Nye veje i den åbne skole”, hvor publikationen også blev introduceret. Projektet har været forankret hos Nationalmuseet som projektejer og projektkoordinator med deltagelse af museer både uden for og inden for Nationalmuseets organisation. HistorieLab har støttet projektet økonomisk og været samarbejdspartner i det generelle udviklende og koordinerende projektarbejde samt bidraget til publikationen.

 

Bettina Buhl: Sovs skal der til: opskrifter og historie

Bettina Buhl: Sovs skal der til: opskrifter og historie
152 sider, Gyldendal.

En underholdende fortælling om sovsenes kulturhistorie i Danmark og samtidig en praktisk kogebog med både klassiske og mere ukendte sovseopskrifter, der er bearbejdet, så de er nemme at følge og indpasse i nutidens køkken. Sovsen står i de fleste danskeres bevidsthed som noget af det helligste ved måltidet. Sovs er indbegrebet af dansk madkultur, for sovs er ofte det, som binder måltidets øvrige dele sammen. Tilberedning af sovs sætter enhver kok på prøve, alle kender et helt katalog af skrækhistorier om sovse, der klumper eller skiller. Og så gør det ikke tilberedningen lettere, at vi også skal kloge os i sammensætninger af krydderier og det at smage sovsen til, så den passer til resten af maden på tallerkenen. I SOVS SKAL DER TIL viser Bettina Buhl, at sovse ikke behøver at være videnskab, og at der findes mangfoldige veje til en god sovs. Hun har været i de gamle danske kogebøger og fundet inspiration til sovseopskrifter helt fra 1616 og frem til 1941. Bid for bid har hun fået sammensat historien om vores uundværlige sovse. De gamle kogebøger giver mange spændende opskrifter med et væld af virkelig gode råd til velsmagende sovse, men Bettina Buhl har tilpasset dem, så de kan bruges i dag, for opskrifterne indeholdt oprindelig ikke nøjagtige mængdeangivelser og fremgangsmåder.

 

Martin Zerlang: Zoom København - Historier om hovedstaden gennem 850 år

Martin Zerlang: Zoom København - Historier om hovedstaden gennem 850 år
365 sider, Gads Forlag.

Siden Absalon har magten i København haft sit centrum på Slotsholmen. Siden middelalderen har troen haft sit centrum i Vor Frue Kirke. Siden 1479 har videnskaben haft sit centrum på Vor Frue Plads. Voldene omkring København er stadig mærkbare og nærværende, selvom de blev sløjfet for mere end 150 år siden. Men samtidig med at København hele tiden har haft sin fortid med sig, har byen i små og store ryk fragtet den ind i en åben fremtid: Christian 4.s ”Ny-København”, Frederik 5.s ”Frederiksstad”, det 1800-tallets brokvarterer, 1900-tallets Fingerplan med tilhørende forstæder, det 2000-tallets verdensby med Ørestad, Øresundsbro, metro...

Bogen fortæller – som den første i overraskende mange år – vores hovedstads historie.

 

Camilla Plesner Horster (red) & Lærke Maria Andersen Funder (red):  Antikkens veje til renæssancens Danmark

Camilla Plesner Horster (red) & Lærke Maria Andersen Funder (red):  Antikkens veje til renæssancens Danmark
256 sider, Aarhus Universitetsforlag.

Da den italienske forfatter Francesco Petrarca i 1345 opdagede en samling glemte breve af den romerske retoriker Cicero, fandt han ikke kun en åndsfælle. Han fandt et kulturelt ideal - og banede vejen for renæssancen og humanismen. I de næste århundreder bredte antikkens sprog og tankegods sig på tværs af Europa gennem et netværk af humanister, der udvekslede viden på fællessproget latin. Antikkens veje til renæssancens Danmark fortæller historien om, hvordan genopdagelsen af den græske og romerske kultur nåede til Danmark og her fandt sit helt eget udtryk. Otte renæssancemænd kommer til orde, og vi møder foruden Petrarca blandt andre også den store humanist Erasmus af Rotterdam, den danske professor Erasmus Lætus, der skrev digte på latin, og kong Christian IV, der udsmykkede Frederiksborg Slot efter antikke idealer. Alle trak de på antikken som forbillede for at kunne opfylde deres egne personlige ambitioner og sætte Danmark på verdenskortet. For i renæssancen var antikken en kulturel ressource, der grundlæggende forandrede vores opfattelse af tro, kultur og samfund.

 

Ole Høiris (red.) & Per Ingesman (red.): Reformationen - 1500-tallets kulturrevolution

Ole Høiris (red.) & Per Ingesman (red.): Reformationen - 1500-tallets kulturrevolution
900 sider, 2 bd., Aarhus Universitetsforlag.

Dette tobindsværk omhandler reformationen og hvordan den blev startskuddet for 1500-tallets kulturrevolution og hvordan dette medførte nye protestantiske kirker i Nordeuropa og bølger af forandringerne der fulgte i kølvandet heraf.

 

Reformationen - 1500-tallets kulturrevolution er et vægtigt storværk om Luther og den revolution, hans ideer og budskaber satte i gang.

 

August 2017

Peter Lambert (ed.) & Björn Weiler (ed.): How the Past was Used - Historical cultures, c. 750-2000

Peter Lambert (ed.) & Björn Weiler (ed.): How the Past was Used - Historical cultures, c. 750-2000 (Ny)
330 sider, Oxford Academic Press.

Firmly rooted in the discipline of history, yet poses questions of wider interest

The chapters are written by specialists in a broad range of disciplines and is both cross- and multi-disciplinary

The authors address not only historical writing, but also the literary, pictorial, and ritual representation of history

 

Christian D. Liddy: Contesting the City - The Politics of Citizenship in English Towns, 1250 - 1530

Christian D. Liddy: Contesting the City - The Politics of Citizenship in English Towns, 1250 - 1530 (Ny)
288 sider, Oxford Academic Press.

Identifies a vigorous and complex tradition of urban citizenship in late medieval England

Explores the history of English cities over a period of 300 years

Offers a challenge to the myth of English exceptionalism, by placing English cities in a wider European context and drawing upon a rich European historiography

Shows continuities in patterns of thought and behaviour in medieval Europe and in the modern world

Captures the excitement, dynamism, and volatility that characterized late medieval urban life

 

Judith Pollmann: Memory in Early Modern Europe, 1500-1800

Judith Pollmann: Memory in Early Modern Europe, 1500-1800 (Ny)
256 sider, Oxford Academic Press.

The first survey study to focus on early modern memory

Interdisciplinary in scope, offering insights for both historians of the early modern period, and scholars and theorists in memory studies

Presents complex debate in lively and accessible way for non-specialists

Provides rich historical examples to connect theories with practice

 

Bridget Heal: A Magnificent Faith - Art and Identity in Lutheran Germany

Bridget Heal: A Magnificent Faith - Art and Identity in Lutheran Germany (Ny)
336 sider, Oxford Academic Press.

The first comprehensive history of the Reformation origins and seventeenth-century emergence of the Lutheran baroque, thoroughly grounded in art, religion, and politics

Invites readers to rethink the relationship between Protestant piety and visual media

Incorporates visual evidence into the broader frameworks of Reformation history, using images to illuminate current debates about religious culture and identity

Based on extensive engagement with archival and printed texts and with images and artefacts

Bridges the traditional disciplinary gaps between history and theology, and history and art history

Accessibly written and richly illustrated, drawing on simple printed images (woodcuts) and magnificent church interiors

 

Daniel Anlezark: Alfred the Great

Daniel Anlezark: Alfred the Great (Ny)
115 sider, Arc Humanities Press
Alfred the Great is a rare historical figure from the early Middle Ages, in that he retains a popular image. This book provides a reassessment of the famous ruler of Wessex, informed by current scholarship, both on the king as a man in history, and the king as a subsequent legendary construct. Daniel Anlezark presents Alfred in his historical context, seen through Asser's Life, the Anglo Saxon Chronicle, and other texts, and explores how this ninth-century king of Wessex came to be considered the "Great" king of legend.

 

Eileen Murphy (Ed), Melie Le Roy (Ed) : Children, Death and Burial: Archaeological Discourses

Eileen Murphy (Ed), Melie Le Roy (Ed) : Children, Death and Burial: Archaeological Discourses
240 sider, Oxbow Books.

Børn er et emne, som i mange år har været underprioriteret i arkæologien. I nærværende bog findes 16 kapitler skrevet af forfattere fra en række lande. Grundlaget for analyserne er både felt- og laboratoriundersøgelser af grave fra neolitikum til den irske hungersnød i midt 1800 tallet. Med det basis udfører forfatterne en række tværgående analyse af en række forskellige emner behandlende aspekter af børn og unges liv herunder den ændrede status på baggrund af alder og deres plads i samfundet gennem tiderne.

 

Gitte Hansen & Per Storemyr: Soapstone in the North. Quarries, Products and People 7000 BC - AD 1700

Gitte Hansen & Per Storemyr: Soapstone in the North. Quarries, Products and People 7000 BC - AD 1700
408 sider, Bergen Universitetsforlag.
Gratis: http://bora.uib.no/handle/1956/16580

This book addresses soapstone use in Norway and the North Atlantic region, including Greenland. Although the majority of the papers deal with the Iron Age and Middle Ages, the book spans the Mesolithic to the early modern era. It deals with themes related to quarries, products and associated people and institutions in a broad context. Recent years have seen a revival of basic archaeological and geological research into the procurement and use of stone resources. With its authors drawn from the fields of archaeology, geosciences and traditional crafts, this anthology reflects cross-disciplinary work born of this revival.

 

Thomas Lyngby (red): Frederiksborg Slotskirke

Thomas Lyngby (red): Frederiksborg Slotskirke
222 sider, Historika.

Frederiksborg Slotskirke er et af de smukkeste og mest imponerende rum fra Christian 4.s tid. Med denne pragtudgivelse markeres 400-året for kirkens indvielse i 1617.

Kirkens udsmykning havde ikke kun til formål at ære Gud, men vidnede også om kongens magt. Kongens position blev yderligere understreget af den rigt udsmykkede kirkestol – lige overfor prædikestolen – hvor han sad under gudstjenesterne.
Dertil kom hans overdådige bedekammer bagest i kirken på galleriet. I sin indretning er kirken et luthersk fyrstekapel og en visualisering af de ideer om gud og kongemagt, som den tyske teolog havde lanceret under reformationen, der var begyndt netop 100 år tidligere i Wittenberg. Da Hillerøds kirke blæste
omkuld i en storm, åbnede Christian 4. sin kirke for byens beboere, og den har lige siden fungeret som sognekirke.
Den nære relation til kongemagten understreges imidlertid af, at kirken under enevælden var kronings- og salvingskirke, og siden 1693 kapel for de danske ridderordner.
Bogens tekster omhandler mangfoldige aspekter af kirkens helt særlige arkitektur- og brugshistorie og er skrevet af førende eksperter inden for området, under redaktion af historiker og museumsinspektør på Frederiksborg Slot, Thomas Lyngby

 

Claus Fenger: Når enden er god ...Historien om anus, hæmoriderne og andet dernedefra

Claus Fenger: Når enden er god ...Historien om anus, hæmoriderne og andet dernedefra
457 sider, Syddansk Universitetsforlag.

Mange mener, at hæmorider er den hyppigste sygdom i verden, og der er gennem tiderne skrevet umådeligt meget om dem og de andre problemer i anus. Her er et par eksempler:

- Hæmorider er gudernes straf for et syndigt liv

- Blødning fra hæmorider er gavnlig

- Hæmorideblødning hos mænd svarer til menstruation hos kvinder

- Hæmorider kan bløde en liter om dagen

- Man kan få hæmorider af at sidde på hullede stolesæder og onanere

- Man kan behandle hæmorider med radium eller ved at spise sort peber

Det tror de fleste nok ikke på - i dag! Men historien indeholder talrige eksempler på lignende påstande og en endnu længere række af ofte ganske opfindsomme forslag til behandling. Og de lærde er fortsat uenige.

Bogen indledes med en introduktion til emnet, så også ikke-specialister kan følge med. Derefter gennemgås den medicinske litteratur fra hele verden og fra de første skriftlige vidnesbyrd til i dag. Den sidste del handler om, hvordan emnet er behandlet i skrifter fra forskellige trosretninger, både religiøse og terapeutiske, hvordan en række berømte personer har været plaget af disse sygdomme, og hvorledes anus har optrådt i forskellige kunstarter.

 

Niels Henrik Gregersen (red) & Carsten Bach-Nielsen (red): Reformationen i dansk kirke og kultur - 1517-1700

Niels Henrik Gregersen (red) & Carsten Bach-Nielsen (red): Reformationen i dansk kirke og kultur - 1517-1700
1500 sider, 3 bd, Syddansk Universitetsforlag.

I tre bind præsenterer landets førende eksperter synspunkter på reformationens arv i nutidens Danmark. Bogens kapitler kommer rundt om alle samfundsmæssige forhold, lige fra kirken og dens ordninger, teologien og universitetet til staten og velfærden, ægteskab og dagligliv, salmer og kunst samt skole og pædagogik. Værket giver dermed en bred og almen tilgængelig fortælling om reformationens kulturelle betydning fra 1500-tallet til i dag.

 

Margrét Eggertsdóttir (red) and Matthew James Driscoll (red): Mirrors of Virtue - Manuscript and Print in Late Pre-Modern Iceland

Margrét Eggertsdóttir (red) and Matthew James Driscoll (red): Mirrors of Virtue - Manuscript and Print in Late Pre-Modern Iceland

419 sider, Museum Tusculanum.

This volume of Opuscula presents ten articles on a single theme: manuscript and print in late premodern Iceland, specifically the period between the advent of print in the early sixteenth century and the establishment of the Icelandic State Broadcasting Service in the early twentieth. Throughout this period, manuscript transmission continued to exist side by side with print, the two media serving different, but overlapping, audiences and transmitting different, but overlapping, types of texts. The volume’s title, Mirrors of Virtue, refers not only to the popular late medieval and early modern genre of exemplary or admonitory mirror literature, but also to the idea that both manuscripts and printed books are reflections of virtue in a broader sense.

 

Juli 2017

Miles Pattenden: Electing the Pope in Early Modern Italy, 1450-1700

Miles Pattenden: Electing the Pope in Early Modern Italy, 1450-1700 (Ny)
336 sider, Oxford Academic Press.

Offers a major re-assessment of the history of the early modern papacy

The first study of the politics of the early modern papacy in English

Discusses how an elite political group approached decision-making and problem-solving over a four-century period

Synthesizes recent scholarship on the papacy in Italian, French, Spanish, and German

 

Tim Shephard (Author, Ed.),‎ Lisa Colton (Ed): Sources of Identity - Makers, Owners and Users of Music Sources Before 1600

Tim Shephard (Author, Ed.),‎ Lisa Colton (Ed): Sources of Identity - Makers, Owners and Users of Music Sources Before 1600 (Ny)
340 sider, Brepolis Publishers.

The papers included in this volume were presented, in much shorter form, at a conference entitled 'Sources of Identity: Makers, Owners and Users of Music Sources Before 1600' held at the University of Sheffield in 2013. The stated aim of the event was to leave aside the traditionally dominant view of early music sources as a means of access to medieval and Renaissance repertoires, focussing instead on the people who commissioned, made, owned and used music books, and on their reasons for so doing. In the terms proposed by a recent study of art patronage in the period, what was the 'payoff' enjoyed by individuals and groups who created and deployed such objects?

 

Maren Clegg Hyer (ed.) and Della Hooke (ed.): Water and the Environment in the Anglo-Saxon World

Maren Clegg Hyer (ed.) and Della Hooke (ed.): Water and the Environment in the Anglo-Saxon World (Ny)
280 sider, Liverpool University Press.

Similar in theme and method to the first and second volumes, Water and the Environment in the Anglo-Saxon World, third volume of the series Daily Living in the Anglo-Saxon World, illuminates how an understanding of the impact of water features on the daily lives of the people and the environment of the Anglo-Saxon world can inform reading and scholarship of the period in significant ways.

In discussing fishing, for example, we learn in what ways fish and fishing might have impacted the life of the average person who lived near fishing waters in Anglo-Saxon England: how fishing affected that person’s diet, livelihood, and religious obligations, as well as how fish and fishing waters influenced social and cultural structures. Similar lines of enquiry in the volume’s chapters shed insight on water imagery in Old English poetry, on place names that delineate types of watery bodies across the Anglo-Saxon landscape, and on human interactions (poetic and otherwise) with fens and other wetlands, sacred wells and springs, landing spaces, bridges, canals, watermills, and river settlements, as well as a variety of other waterscapes.

The volume’s examination of the impact of water features on the daily lives of the people and the environment of the Anglo-Saxon world fosters an understanding, in the end, not only of the archaeological and material circumstances of water and its uses, but also the imaginative waterscapes found in the textual records of the Anglo-Saxons.

Juliet Ramsay & Ken Taylor (eds.): 21st Century Challenges Facing Cultural Landscapes

Juliet Ramsay & Ken Taylor (eds.): 21st Century Challenges Facing Cultural Landscapes
130 sider, Routeledge.

Through stories of diverse landscapes from around the world, this book captures human cultures and their land use practices in the environments they inhabit. The chapters cover topics from heritage in the 21st Century, appreciating and safeguarding values while facing challenges wrought by change.

This title will lead readers through fascinating stories of landscapes and people. We learn of the physical and spiritual structure of rice terraces of the Honghe Mountains in China maintained by following a 1300 year sustainable practice of water allocation, while the colonial tea plantations of the Sri Lankan highlands are managed by Indian Tamils who now seek tourism as a means of additional income. Sustainable agricultural methods in the USA are being introduced to prevent landscape loss while in Australia a challenge confronting family farms is progressing to rural industrialisation. Challenges are further outlined in the mythical story of Finland's Saint Henrik pilgrimage and in the intangible Ui-won gardens of Korea. The huge challenge for Japan's landscapes is the legacy from fierce natural 21st Century disasters while in Australia's Dampier Archipelago, an avoidable yet brutal development on a unique Aboriginal rock sculptured landscape highlights serious concerns about heritage governance. These remarkable stories of landscapes and their management are inseparable from the communities that inhabit them. This book was originally published as a special issue of Landscape Research.

 

Sara Heil Jensen (red.) og Anna Bech Lund (red.): Moesgaard Vikingetræf

Sara Heil Jensen (red.) og Anna Bech Lund (red.): Moesgaard Vikingetræf
160 sider, Moesgaard Museum og Jysk Arkæologisk Selskab.

Vikingerne lever i bedste velgående i Danmark.

Er man i tvivl om, hvordan sådan en moderne viking tager sig ud, kan man lægge vejen forbi Moesgård Strand i slutningen af juli, hvor det årlige Moesgaard Vikingetræf finder sted.

Det har gennem 40 år trukket tusindvis af vikinger til, der træner som krigere, rider på heste, gennemfører drabelige slag, laver mad over bål og klæder sig i hør, uld og pels.

Træffet var det første af sin art, da det første gang fandt sted i 1977. At det ikke bare har holdt ved, men også er vokset i omfang, kalder på en historie, og den er nu skrevet i bogen ”Moesgaard Vikingetræf”, der er redigeret af Sara Heil Jensen og Anna Bech Lund.

 

Heinz Schilling (Author),‎ Rona Johnston Gordon (Translator): Martin Luther: Rebel in an Age of Upheaval

Heinz Schilling (Author),‎ Rona Johnston Gordon (Translator): Martin Luther: Rebel in an Age of Upheaval (oversættelse)
576 sider, Oxford University Press.

No other German has shaped the history of early-modern Europe more than Martin Luther.

In this comprehensive and balanced biography we see Luther as a rebel, but not as a lone hero; as a soldier in a mighty struggle for the universal reform of Christianity and its role in the world. The foundation of Protestantism changed the religious landscape of Europe, and subsequently the world, but the author chooses to show Luther not simply as a reformer, but as an individual.

In his study of the Wittenberg monk, Heinz Schilling - one of Germany's leading social and political historians - gives the reader a rounded view of a difficult, contradictory character, who changed the world by virtue of his immense will.

Alexandra Sanmark: Viking Law and Order: Places and Rituals of Assembly in the Medieval North

Alexandra Sanmark: Viking Law and Order: Places and Rituals of Assembly in the Medieval North
320 sider, Edinburgh University Press.

Until very recently Viking and Norse assembly sites were essentially unknown, apart from a few select sites, such as Thingvellir in Iceland. The Vikings are well-known for their violence and pillage, but they also had a well-organised system for political decision-making, legal cases and conflict resolution. Using archaeological evidence, written sources and place-names, this book provides a comprehensive analysis of their legal system and assembly sites, showing that this formed an integral part of Norse culture and identity, to the extent that the assembly institution was brought to all Norse settlements.Sites are analysed through surveys and case studies across Scandinavia, Scotland and the North Atlantic region. The author moves the view of assembly sites away from a functional one to an understanding of the symbolic meaning of these highly ritualised sites, and shows how they were constructed to signify power through monuments and natural features. This original and stimulating study is set not only in the context of the Viking and Norse periods, but also in the wider continental histories of place, assembly and the rhetoric of power.

 

Lisbeth M. Imer: Peasants and Prayers, The inscriptions of Norse Greenland

Lisbeth M. Imer: Peasants and Prayers, The inscriptions of Norse Greenland

349 sider, Syddansk Universitetsforlag og Nationalmuseet.

 

Skrivefærdighederne hos de grønlandske nordboer har ikke manglet. I alt 160 indskrifter er det blevet til indtil videre. I bogen præsenteres først den grønlanske baggrund og er fulgt af en diskussion af de grønlandske særpræg, som kan findes i materialet og ikke mindst indlæringen af runekunsten. Måske mest relevant er det hele 200 sider lange katalog med sin egen indledning, som diskuterer den bedste dokumentations og undersøgelsesmetode af både artefakter og runer.

 

Juni 2017

Joanna Martin (ed.) & Emily Wingfield (ed.): Premodern Scotland - Literature and Governance 1420-1587

Joanna Martin (ed.) & Emily Wingfield (ed.): Premodern Scotland - Literature and Governance 1420-1587 (Ny)
272 sider, Oxford Academic Press.

Offers fresh and ground-breaking research into the 'advice to princes' tradition as well as kingship and good self- and public governance in Older Scots literature

Includes contributions from international scholars

Analysis of well and lesser known authors and texts

Texts are examined against the backdrop of the dramatic political events of medieval and early modern Scotland, from the reigns of James I to Mary Queen of Scots

 

Jessica Cerezo-Roman (ed.), Anna Wessman (ed.) & and Howard Williams (ed.): Cremation and the Archaeology of Death

Jessica Cerezo-Roman (ed.), Anna Wessman (ed.) & and Howard Williams (ed.): Cremation and the Archaeology of Death (Ny)
368 sider, Oxford Academic Press.

Thematic layout helps the reader connect different approaches in the archaeology of cremation

Explores case studies from North America, Fennoscandia, and North West Europe including Britain and Ireland

Explores cremation from the Mesolithic to the present day

Provides new perspectives giving hte readers the latest approaches and interpretations

 

Robin Netherton (ed.) & Gale R. Owen-Crocker (ed.): Medieval Clothing and Textiles 13

Robin Netherton (ed.) & Gale R. Owen-Crocker (ed.): Medieval Clothing and Textiles 13 (Ny)
182 sider, Boydell Press.

Three of the essays in this collection focus on Italy, with contributions on footwear in Lucca based on documentary evidence of the fourteenth century; aristocratic furnishings as described in a royal letter of the fifteenth century, along with its first translation into English; and Boccaccio's treatment of disguise involving Christian/Islamic identity shifts in his Decameron. The Bayeux Tapestry is discussed as a narrative artwork that adopts various costumes for semiotic purposes. Another chapter considers surviving artefacts: a detailed study of a piece of quilted fabric armour, one of two such items surviving in Lübeck, Germany, reveals how it was made and suggests reasons for some of the unusual features. The volume also includes an investigation of the commercial vocabulary related to the medieval textile and fur industries: the terms used in Britain for measuring textile and fur are listed and discussed, especially the unique use of Anglo-French "launces" in a document of 1300.

Oliver J. T. Harris & Craig Cipolla: Archaeological Theory in the New Millennium - Introducing Current Perspectives

Oliver J. T. Harris & Craig Cipolla: Archaeological Theory in the New Millennium - Introducing Current Perspectives
238 sider, Routeledge.

Archaeological Theory in the New Millennium provides an account of the changing world of archaeological theory and a challenge to more traditional narratives of archaeological thought. It charts the emergence of the new emphasis on relations as well as engaging with other current theoretical trends and the thinkers archaeologists regularly employ. Bringing together different strands of global archaeological theory and placing them in dialogue, the book explores the similarities and differences between different contemporary trends in theory while also highlighting potential strengths and weaknesses of different approaches. Written in a way to maximise its accessibility, in direct contrast to many of the sources on which it draws, Archaeological Theory in the New Millennium is an essential guide to cutting-edge theory for students and for professionals wishing to reacquaint themselves with this field.

 

David Rollason (ed.): Princes of the Church - Bishops and their Palaces

David Rollason (ed.): Princes of the Church - Bishops and their Palaces
460 sider, Routeledge.

Princes of the Church brings together the latest research exploring the importance of bishops’ palaces for social and political history, landscape history, architectural history and archaeology. It is the first book-length study of such sites since Michael Thompson’s Medieval Bishops’ Houses (1998), and the first work ever to adopt such a wide-ranging approach to them in terms of themes and geographical and chronological range. Including contributions from the late Antique period through to the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, it deals with bishops’ residences in England, Scotland, Wales, the Byzantine Empire, France, and Italy. It is structured in three sections: design and function, which considers how bishops’ palaces and houses differed from the palaces and houses of secular magnates, in their layout, design, furnishings, and functions; landscape and urban context, which considers the relationship between bishops’ palaces and houses and their political and cultural context, the landscapes and towns or cities in which they were set, and the parks, forests, and towns that were planned and designed around them; and architectural form, which considers the extent of shared features between bishops’ palaces and houses, and their relationship to the houses of other Church potentates and to the houses of secular magnates.

 

Nikolaj A. Makarov: Die Rus’ im 9.–10. Jahrhundert. Ein archäologisches Panorama

Nikolaj A. Makarov: Die Rus’ im 9.–10. Jahrhundert. Ein archäologisches Panorama
 541 sider, Wachholz Verlag.

Das Werk gibt einen umfassenden Überblick über den gegenwärtigen Forschungsstand zu den Hauptzentren der frühen Rus’ sowie zu jenen, die im 9./10. Jh. zum Zusammenschluss dieser Zentren zu einem politischen Gesamtgefüge geführt haben. Die Autoren und Autorinnen skizzieren die Entwicklung verschiedener Siedlungen und politischer Machtzentren zwischen dem mittleren Dnepr und dem Volchov. Dabei erfassen sie einen Zeitraum, der sich von der Ersterwähnung des Ethnonyms „Rus’“ in mittelalterlichen Texten bis zum Ende der Regentschaft von Fürst Vladimir I. Svjatoslavič erstreckt, mit der die territoriale Herausbildung des neuen Staates weitgehend abgeschlossen war. Die historische Situation dieser Zeit wird auf der Grundlage historischer und archäologischer Untersuchungen dargestellt. Dabei fällt dem archäologischen Material das Hauptgewicht zu, es bildet mithin nicht den Hintergrund, sondern den Ausgangspunkt für die Rekonstruktion historischer Ereignisse.

 

Jonathan Lyon: Noble society: Five lives from twelfth-century Germany

Jonathan Lyon: Noble society: Five lives from twelfth-century Germany
304 sider, Manchester University Press.

This book provides scholars and students alike with a set of texts that can deepen their understanding of the culture and society of the twelfth-century German kingdom. The sources translated here bring to life the activities of five noblemen and noblewomen from Rome to the Baltic coast and from the Rhine River to the Alpine valleys of Austria. To read these five sources together is to appreciate how interconnected political, military, economic, religious and spiritual interests could be for some of the leading members of medieval German society-and for the authors who wrote about them. Whether fighting for the emperor in Italy, bringing Christianity to pagans in what is today northern Poland, or founding, reforming and governing monastic communities in the heartland of the German kingdom, the subjects of these texts call attention to some of the many ways that noble life shaped the world of central medieval Europe.

 

Christine Sciacca: Illuminating Women in the Medieval World

Christine Sciacca: Illuminating Women in the Medieval World
120 sider, Getty Museum.

When one thinks of women in the Middle Ages, the images that often come to mind are those of damsels in distress, mystics in convents, female laborers in the field, and even women of ill repute. In reality, however, medieval conceptions of womanhood were multifaceted, and women’s roles were varied and nuanced. Female stereotypes existed in the medieval world, but so too did women of power and influence. The pages of illuminated manuscripts reveal to us the many facets of medieval womanhood and slices of medieval life—from preoccupations with biblical heroines and saints to courtship, childbirth, and motherhood. While men dominated artistic production, this volume demonstrates the ways in which female artists, authors, and patrons were instrumental in the creation of illuminated manuscripts.

 

Ulla Kjær: Fransk elegance og dansk snilde - Fransk-danske kunstforbindelser i den danske enevældes tid

Ulla Kjær: Fransk elegance og dansk snilde - Fransk-danske kunstforbindelser i den danske enevældes tid
401 sider, Syddansk Universitetsforlag.

Historien om de fransk-danske kunstneriske forbindelser i den danske enevældes tid, 1660-1849, er en fortælling om kunsten som et redskab i iscenesættelsen af den enevældige kongemagt. Emnet er dermed ikke blot kunsten i sig selv, men også den vekslende historiske baggrund, hvorpå den blev til. Bogen præsenterer samtidig en opmarch af kunstværker i stort og småt, fra rytterstatuer til miniaturemalerier, skabt af ydmyge imitatorer, dygtige håndværkere eller storslåede og originale kunstnere i enevoldskongernes tjeneste. Den kunstneriske inspiration gik hovedsageligt den ene vej, fra Frankrig til Danmark, men samtidig var der hele tiden en vis gensidighed, som de kunstneriske relationer er med til at belyse. Ved Kulturfremstødet Danmark-Frankrig 1987-88 betegnede Hendes Majestæt Dronning Margrethe II 1700-tallets resultater af Frankrigs kunstneriske indflydelse i Danmark som en "forening af fransk elegance og dansk snilde". Bedre sammenfatning kan næppe gives.

 

Robert H. Nelson: Lutheranism and the Nordic Spirit of Social Democracy. A Different Protestant Ethic

Robert H. Nelson: Lutheranism and the Nordic Spirit of Social Democracy. A Different Protestant Ethic

324 sider, Aarhus Universitetsforlag.

 

Værket undersøger hvordan den lutherske tro har forandret sig i løbet af de sidste 500 år, og hvordan Luthers tanker forandrede de nordiske lande - ikke blot kirken, men hele samfundsopbygningen.

 

Keld Hillingsø: Fæstningsbyen Fredericia - En by skabt til kamp.

Keld Hillingsø: Fæstningsbyen Fredericia - En by skabt til kamp.
81 sider, Museerne i Fredericia.


Fæstningsbyen Fredericia – En by skabt til kamp beskriver udviklingen af Fredericia som fæstningsby og dens krigshistorie i lidt over to århundreder fra 1600-tallet til slutningen af 1800-tallet. Det er fortællingen om Fredericia som Danmarks forsvarer, hvor du får et indblik i byens deltagelse i datidens krige på godt og ondt. Du kan blandt andet læse om, hvordan hele byen var indrettet og bygget til kamp og på den måde blev en hjørnested i Danmarks historie. Bogen giver desuden et dansk og europæisk indblik i, hvorfor Fredericia Fæstning kom til at spille en væsentlig rolle i flere af de danske krige.

 

Hans Andersson: Medeltida urbanisering: uppsatser 1972-2015

Hans Andersson: Medeltida urbanisering: uppsatser 1972-2015
272 sider, Lund Universitet.

I den här volymen presenteras ett urval av uppsatser, som Hans Andersson har publicerat under perioden 1972-2015 om medeltidens urbanisering. I dessa diskuteras framför allt hur man kan definiera urbanisering. Urbaniseringen ses här som en tämligen vid process som innefattar olika typer av centralorter, där staden är den mest utvecklade. Uppsatserna har spelat roll i den skandinaviska diskussionen om den medeltida urbaniseringen och har skrivits parallellt med den starka utveckling som stadsarkeologin haft i Sverige. Uppsatserna rör sig från bredare internationella till svenska perspektiv, både nationella och regionala.

Laurids Kristian Fahl og Peter Zeeberg (red.): Danmarks riges historie 1

Laurids Kristian Fahl og Peter Zeeberg (red.): Danmarks riges historie 1

478 sider, Aarhus Universitetsforlag.

 

Bogen er blot den første af tre bind, der er uddraget af Ludwig Holbergs 2500 sider lange Danmarkshistorie. I bindet kan man læse om Christian IV’s liv i stort og småt i alt fra deltagelsen i Trediveårskrigen til farven på prinsens sokker. De følgende bind udkommer samtidig med Nyhedsbrevet i juli og det sidste af de tre bind udkommer til august. Se også generelt på de 22 bind, som planlægges i serien om Holbergs værker.

 

Benedicta Pécseli (red.): Børn, kulturarv og museer - ny antologi

Benedicta Pécseli (red.): Børn, kulturarv og museer - ny antologi

96 sider, Historielab.dk.

Bogen kan hentes på: http://historielab.dk/wp-content/uploads/2017/06
/HistorieLab-Antologi-A4_lowres.pdf

 

Bogen er lidt udenfor kategori ift. de bøger, som normalt præsenteres i Nyhedsbrevet, men den er ikke desto mindre vigtig. I bogen præsenteres og diskuteres den måde, som formidlingen til børn kan forbedres. Den første tredjedel af bogen præsenterer teorier og metoder til at møde børn og skabe en interesse og følelse af tilgængelighed for dem på museerne i modsætning til, hvad der er så nemt at skabe. I de sidste to tredjedele af bogen præsenteres forskellige eksempler på, hvordan man succesfuldt inddrager børn i museumsoplevelsen.

Maj 2017

Tom Scott: The Swiss and their Neighbours, 1460-1560 - Between Accommodation and Aggression

Tom Scott: The Swiss and their Neighbours, 1460-1560 - Between Accommodation and Aggression (Ny)
240 sider, Oxford Academic Press.

A revisionist history of Switzerland's place in Europe, questioning conventional thought regarding Swiss politics and culture

Rethinks the debate over 'the origins of the modern state'

 

Ulla Mannering (red.): Arkæologisk Tekstilforskning - Baggrund og ny

Ulla Mannering (red.): Arkæologisk Tekstilforskning - Baggrund og ny viden
143 sider, Nationalmuseet.

De mange, nye resultater indenfor tekstilforskningen herhjemme skyldes etableringen af Danmarks Grundforskningsfonds Center for Tekstilforskning (CTR) tilbage i 2005, hvor arkæologer og tekstileksperter har studeret samlingen af forhistoriske tekstiler fra danske lokaliteter i samarbejde med anerkendte naturvidenskabelige institutioner i ind- og udland.

CTR’s banebrydende forskningsresultater er opsummeret i en dugfrisk publikation: ”Arkæologisk tekstilforskning. Baggrund og ny viden”.

– Den nye bog er tænkt og skrevet bredt og til glæde for både for forskere, historie- og tekstilinteresserede og til formidling på lokalmuseer og historiske markeder. Jeg ser en del dragtrekonstruktioner, der er helt hen i vejret og giver publikum et forkert billede af, hvordan datidens mennesker gik klædt. Det er ærgerligt, for det er jo vigtigt at holde sig så tæt på virkeligheden som muligt, og det kan vi bidrage til”, påpeger Ulla Mannering, der rådgav om dragtrekonstruktionerne til DR’s ”Historien om Danmark”.Så forskerne fra CTR har med de seneste 10 års forskning og den nye publikation sat tonen i den arkæologiske tekstilforskning. I de kommende år vil de gå i detaljer med tekstilmaterialet fra vikingetiden, og der ligger ifølge Ulla Mannering et stort potentiale og sikkert også en del mediebevågenhed.

 

Zanette T. Glørstad & Kjetil Loftsgarden (eds.): Viking-Age Transformations - Trade, Craft and Resources in Western Scandinavia

Zanette T. Glørstad & Kjetil Loftsgarden (eds.): Viking-Age Transformations - Trade, Craft and Resources in Western Scandinavia
290 sider, Routeledge.

The Viking Age was a period of profound change in Scandinavia. As kingdoms were established, Christianity became the encompassing ideological and cosmological framework and towns were formed. This book examines a central backdrop to these changes: the economic transformation of West Scandinavia. With a focus on the development of intensive and organized use of woodlands and alpine regions and domestic raw materials, together with the increasing standardization of products intended for long-distance trade, the volume sheds light on the emergence of a strong interconnectedness between remote rural areas and central markets. Viking-Age Transformations explores the connection between legal and economic practice, as the rural economy and monetary system developed in conjunction with nascent state power and the legal system. Thematically, the book is organized into sections addressing the nature and extent of trade in both marginal and centralized areas; production and the social, legal and economic aspects of exploiting natural resources and distributing products; and the various markets and sites of trade and consumption. A theoretically informed and empirically grounded collection that reveals the manner in which relationships of production and consumption transformed Scandinavian society with their influence on the legal and fiscal division of the landscape, this volume will appeal to scholars of archaeology, the history of trade and Viking studies.

 

 

Ian Peter Grohse: Frontiers for Peace in the Medieval North: The Norwegian-Scottish Frontier C. 1260-1470

Ian Peter Grohse: Frontiers for Peace in the Medieval North: The Norwegian-Scottish Frontier C. 1260-1470
297 sider, Brill.

In Frontiers for Peace in the Medieval North. The Norwegian-Scottish Frontier c. 1260-1470, Ian Peter Grohse examines social and political interactions in Orkney, a Norwegian-held province with long and intimate ties to the Scottish mainland. Commonly portrayed as the epicentre of political tension between Norwegian and Scottish fronts, Orkney appears here as a medium for diplomacy between monarchies and as an avenue for interface and cooperation between neighbouring communities. Removed from the national heartlands of Scandinavia and Britain, Orcadians fostered a distinctly local identity that, although rooted in Norwegian law and civic organization, featured a unique cultural accent engendered through Scottish immigration. This study of Orcadian experiences encourages greater appreciation of the peaceful dimensions of pre-modern European frontiers.

 

Rüdiger Andreßen (red): Das Kieler Schloss - Residenz im Herzen der Stadt

Rüdiger Andreßen (red): Das Kieler Schloss - Residenz im Herzen der Stadt
384 sider, Wachholz Verlag.

Das Kieler Schloss blickt auf eine ereignisreiche Geschichte im Herzen der Stadt Kiel zurück. Es wurde zum Witwensitz erkoren, als Haupt- und Nebenresidenz genutzt, und schließlich, in den 60er Jahren des vergangenen Jahrhunderts als „Kulturschloss“ für die Bürger Kiels umgebaut. Geprägt durch diese wechselvolle Geschichte sowie durch seine Bewohner ist das Schloss bis heute ein unverzichtbarer Teil der Stadt und ihrer Menschen. Fünf Autorinnen und Autoren zeichnen die historischen Wurzeln des Schlosses nach und ordnen diese in einen gesamteuropäischen Kontext ein. Der Herausgeber vermag auf diese Weise darzustellen, welch ein „Schatz“ sich hinter der kühlen zeitgenössischen Anmutung des Schlosses verbirgt und macht das Wahrzeichen zu einem lebendigen Teil von „Kiels neuer Mitte“.

 

Erik W. Born, Anna Heilmann, Lene Kielsen Holm, Kristin L. Laidre & Maria Iversen: Walruses and the Walrus Hunt in West and Northwest Greenland - An Interview Survey about the Catch and the Climate

Erik W. Born, Anna Heilmann, Lene Kielsen Holm, Kristin L. Laidre & Maria Iversen: Walruses and the Walrus Hunt in West and Northwest Greenland - An Interview Survey about the Catch and the Climate
255 sider, Museum Tusculanum Press.

This volume presents the results of an interview survey among Greenland subsistence hunters on walruses and the catch of walruses in West and Northwest Greenland. In these areas, the catch of walruses is still an important part of the traditional subsistence hunting culture. The Greenland walrus hunting grounds have experienced marked environmental changes due to climate change and quotas were introduced for the catch across all of Greenland in 2006. Thus, we wanted to explore how these changes had affected the local communities by interviewing seventy-six experienced walrus hunters living in twenty-two settlements and towns along the ca. 1,700 km coast from Maniitsoq in the south to Siorapaluk in the north. The interviews resulted in a wealth of detailed information about how climate changes and introduction of quotas have affected the walruses and the walrus hunting practice. The main text summarises the broad findings while more details are provided in the individual hunter statements in four appendices.

 

Luise Skak-Nielsen: Det påklædte hjem- tekstiler og boligkultur i Danmark gennem 300 år

Luise Skak-Nielsen: Det påklædte hjem- tekstiler og boligkultur i Danmark gennem 300 år

343 sider, Historismus.

Det påklædte hjem fortæller om brugen af boligtekstiler i Danmark fra omkring 1700 til i dag. Emnet spænder vidt: sengetøj og –omhæng, vinduesgardiner, gulvtæpper, portierer, vægtapeter, dækketøj, polstermøbler, puder, pyntetekstiler m.m.

Boligens tekstiler bærer på en lang og perspektivrig historie. De afspejler tidligere tiders levemåde, vareproduktion og handel, mode, stil og traditioner. Gennem århundreder har boligtekstiler tjent forskellige praktiske formål som at varme og skærme; de har kommunikeret status, smag og identitet – og skabt komfort, skønhed og hjemlig hygge. Engang havde boligtekstiler værdi som kapitalopsparing, fyrstegaver og brudeudstyr – i dag indgår de fortrinsvis som vigtige og udskiftelige accessories i boligens stilistiske udtryk.

 

Mikael Kristian Hansen: Kongernes teater under renæssancen og barokken

Mikael Kristian Hansen: Kongernes teater under renæssancen og barokken

231 sider og velillustreret, Teatermuseet

 

I nutidens danmark er magtpolitikken påvirket dybt af den måde, som medierne påvirker det politiske system. Medierne derimod var meget mindre i fortiden, men en af dem var teatret. I bogen udforskes den måde, som europas hoffer blev påvirket af teatret ud fra dansk fokus.

Morten Lander Andersen: På tur i reformationens København

Morten Lander Andersen: På tur i reformationens København

150 sider, Frydenlund.

 

Byer vokser og ændrer sig meget i løbet af århundrederne. Det kan gøre det meget svært at finde rundt i hvad, der foregår hvor, selvom vi som fagfolk er lidt bedre til at finde rundt. Med bogguiden får man muligheden for at følge nogle af reformationens begivenheder med et københavnsk fokus og igennem en vandring til de historiske steder, det reelt er foregået.

Hans Krongaard Kristensen: Tvilum Kloster

Hans Krongaard Kristensen: Tvilum Kloster

144 sider, Jysk Arlæologisk Selskab.

 

Augustinerklostret i Tvilum blev nedlagt i 1537 – lige efter Reformationen. Kirken blev omdannet til sognekirke, mens klosterbygningerne hurtigt blev revet ned, og kirkegården bredte sig ind over tomten. Ved en række målret-tede udgravningskampagner i årene 1990-1993 blev der skabt overblik over placeringen af klosterbygningerne i hovedanlægget og et par andre kon-struktioner syd for dette. Det egentlige klosteranlæg viste sig at være betyd-eligt større, end man ud fra kirkebygningen kunne forvente.  Som noget ganske specielt blev en væsentlig del af undersøgelserne gennemført i gange og friarealer på kirkegården. Bogen er skrevet af lektor emeritus ved Aarhus Universitet Hans Krongaard Kristensen, der også i sin tid ledede udgravningerne.

April 2017

Diana Walters (ed.), Daniel Laven (ed.) & Peter Davis (ed.): Heritage and Peacebuilding

Diana Walters (ed.), Daniel Laven (ed.) & Peter Davis (ed.): Heritage and Peacebuilding (Ny)
272 sider, Boydell Press.

This volume explores one of the most critical issues of our time: whether heritage can contribute to a more peaceful society and future. It reflects a core belief that heritage can provide solutions to reconciling peoples and demonstrates the amount of significant work being carried out internationally. Based round the core themes of new and emerging ideas around heritage and peace, heritage and peace-building in practice, and heritage, peace-building and sites, the twenty contributions seek to raise perceptions and understanding of heritage-based peace-building practices. Responding to the emphasis placed on conflict, war and memorialization, they reflect exploratory yet significant steps towards reclaiming the history, theory, and practice of peacebuilding as serious issues for heritage in contemporary society. The geographical scope of the book includes contributions from Europe, notably the Balkans and Northern Ireland, the Middle East, and Kenya.

Spike Bucklow, Richard Marks, Lucy Wrapson (eds.): The Art and Science of the Church Screen in Medieval Europe - Making, Meaning, Preserving

Spike Bucklow, Richard Marks, Lucy Wrapson (eds.): The Art and Science of the Church Screen in Medieval Europe - Making, Meaning, Preserving
360 sider, Boydell & Brewer.

Fresh examinations of one of the most important church furnishings of the middle ages.

The churches of medieval Europe contained richly carved and painted screens, placed between the altar and the congregation; they survive in particularly high numbers in England, despite being partly dismantled during the Reformation. While these screens divided "lay" from "priestly" jurisdiction, it has also been argued that they served to unify architectural space. This volume brings together the latest scholarship on the subject , exploring in detail numerous aspects of the construction and painting of screens, it aims in particular to unite perspectives from science and art history. Examples are drawn from a wide geographical range, from Scandinavia to Italy.

Stuart F. Elton: Cloth Seals: an Illustrated Guide to the Identification of Lead Seals Attached to Cloth

Stuart F. Elton: Cloth Seals: an Illustrated Guide to the Identification of Lead Seals Attached to Cloth
414 sider, Archaeopress.

This book is intended to be a repository of the salient information currently available on the identification of cloth seals, and a source of new material that extends our understanding of these important indicators of post medieval and early modern industry and trade

 

Jack D. Kilcrease (Ed.),‎ Erwin W. Lutzer (Ed.): Martin Luther in His Own Words: Essential Writings of the Reformation

Jack D. Kilcrease (Ed.),‎ Erwin W. Lutzer (Ed.): Martin Luther in His Own Words: Essential Writings of the Reformation
176 sider, Baker Books.

 

Though most of the Protestant world can trace its roots back to the Reformation, many people today have only a vague knowledge of Martin Luther's writings. "Didn't he write the Ninety-Five Theses?" Jack Kilcrease and Erwin Lutzer step into this vacuum with a carefully selected collection of Luther's works.

Centered around the five solas of the Reformation (sola Scriptura, sola fide, sola gratia, sola Christus, soli Deo gloria), the selections offer readers an accessible primer on works that are foundational to the theology of Protestantism in all its forms. Introductions to each writing include an explanation of the historical context and the theological significance of the piece. Students of the Bible, pastors, teachers, and seminary students will find this collection an enlightening introduction to Luther in his own words and a useful addition to their libraries.

Bayerisches Landesamt für Denkmalpflege: Archaeological Sites in Forests: Strategies for their Protection

Bayerisches Landesamt für Denkmalpflege: Archaeological Sites in Forests: Strategies for their Protection
126 sider, Volk Verlag.

Im Rahmen der internationalen Tagung 19th Annual Meeting of the European Association of Archaeologists 2013 Pilsen, Czech Republic, fand eine Sektion zum Thema 'Archaeological Sites in Forests. Strategies for their Protection' statt. Die Referenten näherten sich dem Umgang mit Bodendenkmälern im Wald unter verschiedenen Aspekten. Die Fragen der Erfassung und Dokumentation, der Zusammenarbeit mit den Forstbehörden oder auch das Thema der Einbindung der Öffentlichkeit nahmen einen breiten Raum ein. Der Tagungsband greift die unterschiedlichen Fragestellungen mit 14 zum Teil aktualisierten Beiträgen auf, ergänzt durch einige neu verfasste Aufsätze. Die Darstellung dieser Komplexe und die Überlegungen zum Schutz der Bodendenkmäler, auch in Zeiten moderner Forstwirtschaft, werden anhand der aktuellen Situation in verschiedenen europäischen Ländern, wie der Tschechischen Republik, Polen oder auch den skandinavischen Staaten behandelt. Es zeigt sich, dass es in vielen Bereichen sehr ähnliche Vorgehensweisen gibt, aber auch regionale Besonderheiten zu beobachten sind.

 

John Julius Norwich: Four Princes: Henry VIII, Francis I, Charles V, Suleiman the Magnificent and the Obsessions That Forged Modern Europe

John Julius Norwich: Four Princes: Henry VIII, Francis I, Charles V, Suleiman the Magnificent and the Obsessions That Forged Modern Europe
304 sider, Atlantic Monthly Press.


Francis I of France was the personification of the Renaissance, and a highly influential patron of the arts and education. Henry VIII, who was not expected to inherit the throne but embraced the role with gusto, broke with the Roman Catholic Church and appointed himself head of the Church of England. Charles V was the most powerful industrious man of the time, and was unanimously elected Holy Roman Emperor. Suleiman the Magnificent―who stood apart as a Muslim―brought the Ottoman Empire to its apogee of political, military, and economic power.

Against the vibrant background of the Renaissance, these four men collectively shaped the culture, religion, and politics of their respective domains. With remarkable erudition, John Julius Norwich delves into this entertaining and layered history, indelibly depicting four dynamic characters and how their incredible achievements―and obsessions with one another―changed European history.

 

Niels Saxtorph: Vikingernes helte. Sagn om de nordiske guder

Niels Saxtorph: Vikingernes helte. Sagn om de nordiske guder
312 sider, Lindhardt og Ringhof.

Sagnene om de nordiske guder og helte er levende og farverige beretninger om elskov og død, tapperhed og svaghed. De er blevet fortalt og genfortalt, læst og genlæst gennem generationer. Niels Saxtorphs genfortællinger indeholder alt det, der kendetegner den gode historie – de er tragiske, morsomme, rørende eller rystende brutale.

 

Søren Nørby og Jakob Seerup: For flaget og Danmark – Søværnet dag for dag gennem 500 år

Søren Nørby og Jakob Seerup: For flaget og Danmark – Søværnet dag for dag gennem 500 år

240 sider og velillustreret, Forsvarsakademiet.

 

Flåden er det ældste officielt oprettede forsvarsværn i Danmark, og den har været aktiv lige siden Kong Hans officielt oprettede den i 1510. Bogen er letlæsning af den senere danske flådehistorie i modsætning til den ovenfor nævnte dybe dagbog. Mellem de dag for dag beskrevne begivenheder i den danske flådehistorie er faktasektioner omkring flådens historie og termer. Et samlet opslagsværk for dem med interesse i flådehistorie, der opdaterer en bog om flådens historie fra 2011.

 

 

Grethe Jacobsen & Ninna Jørgensen (red.): Kvindernes renæssance og reformation

Grethe Jacobsen & Ninna Jørgensen (red.): Kvindernes renæssance og reformation

372 sider, Museum Tusculanums Forlag.

 

Med baggrund i en kort præsentation af kvinderne i den europæiske historie i perioden 1500-1650 præsenteres et bredt spektrum af forskellige artikler handlende om de danske kvinder i perioden.  Bogen er inddelt i sektionerne renæssance og reformation, og det diskuteres hvor aktive kvinder har været indenfor de to samtidige bevægelser. Det sker ud fra yderst varierede em-ner, der omhandler alt fra periodens musik, litteratur, arkitektur, såvel som til dens sociale, politiske og religiøse liv.

 

 

Marts 2017

Robert Stein: Magnanimous Dukes and Rising States - The Unification of the Burgundian Netherlands, 1380-1480

Robert Stein: Magnanimous Dukes and Rising States - The Unification of the Burgundian Netherlands, 1380-1480 (Ny)
336 sider, Oxford Academic Press.

Tells the story of the rise of the House of Burgundy in the late fourteenth and the fifteenth centuries in the Netherlands

Shows how these developments laid the foundation for the modern states of the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxemburg

Displays the development of power relations and institutions in the field of tension between ruler and subject, between centralisation and particularism

Offers a highly original approach to the study of the Burgundian expansion in the Netherlands as a bottom-up as well as a top-down enterprise

 

Deanna Shemek (ed): Isabella d’Este: Selected Letters

Deanna Shemek (ed): Isabella d’Este: Selected Letters (Ny)
691 sider, ACMRS Publications.

Isabella d’Este (1474–1539), daughter of the Este dukes of Ferrara and wife of Marchese Francesco II Gonzaga of Mantua, co-regent of the Gonzaga state, art collector, musician, diplomat, dynastic mother, traveler, reader, gardener, fashion innovator, and consummate politician, was also, as this volume attests, a prolific letter writer with a highly developed epistolary network. Presented here for the first time in any language is a representative selection from over 16,000 letters sent by Isabella to addressees across a wide social spectrum. Together, they paint a nuanced and colorful portrait of a brilliant and influential female protagonist of early modern European society.

John Naylor & Gareth Williams: King Alfred's Coins: The Watlington Viking Hoard

John Naylor & Gareth Williams: King Alfred's Coins: The Watlington Viking Hoard
32 sider, Ashmolean Museum.

The hoard dates from the end of the 870s, a key moment in the struggle between Anglo-Saxons and Vikings for control of southern England. The Watlington hoard is a significant new source of information on that struggle, throwing new light not only on the conflict between Anglo-Saxon and Viking, but also on the changing relationship between the two great Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of Mercia and Wessex. This was to lead to the formation of a single united kingdom of England only a few years later.

The hoard contains a mixture of Anglo-Saxon coins and Viking silver, and is in many ways a typical Viking hoard. However, its significance comes from the fact that it contains so many examples of previously rare coins belonging to Alfred the Great, king of Wessex (871-99) and his less well-known contemporary Ceolwulf II of Mercia (874-c.879). These coins provide a clearer understanding of the relationship between Alfred and Ceolwulf, and perhaps also of how the once great kingdom of Mercia came to be absorbed into the emerging kingdom of England by Alfred and his successors.A major fundraising campaign is being planned by the Ashmolean to secure this collection for the museum.

Thomas Kaufmann: Luther's Jews: A Journey into Anti-Semitism

Thomas Kaufmann: Luther's Jews: A Journey into Anti-Semitism
240 sider, Oxford University Press.

If there was one person who could be said to light the touch-paper for the epochal transformation of European religion and culture that we now call the Reformation, it was Martin Luther. And Luther and his followers were to play a central role in the Protestant world that was to emerge from the Reformation process, both in Germany and the wider world.

In all senses of the term, this religious pioneer was a huge figure in European history. Yet there is also the very uncomfortable but at the same time undeniable fact that he was an anti-semite. Written by one of the world's leading authorities on the Reformation, this is the vexed and sometimes shocking story of Martin Luther's increasingly vitriolic attitude towards the Jews over the course of his lifetime, set against the backdrop of a world in religious turmoil.

A final chapter then reflects on the extent to which the legacy of Luther's anti-semitism was to taint the Lutheran church over the following centuries. Scheduled for publication on the five hundredth anniversary of the Reformation's birth, in light of the subsequent course of German history it is a tale both sobering and ominous in equal measure.

G. R. Evans:  A Short History of Medieval Christianity

G. R. Evans:  A Short History of Medieval Christianity
256 sider, I.B.Tauris.

What did people really believe in the Middle Ages? Much of our sense of the medieval period has come down to us from the writings of the learned: the abbots, priors, magnates, scholastic theologians, and others who between them, and across Christendom, controlled the machinery of church and state. For G. R. Evans too much emphasis has been placed on a governing elite and too little on those-the great mass of the semi-literate and illiterate, and the emergent middle classes-who stood outside the innermost circles of ecclesiastical power, privilege, and education. Her book finally gives proper weight to the neglected literature of demotic religion: the lives of saints; writings by those-including lay women-who had mystical experiences; and lively texts containing stories for popular edification. Ranging widely, from the fall of Rome to the ideas of the Reformation, the author addresses vital topics like the appeal of monasticism, the lure of the Crusades, the rise of the friars and the acute crisis of heresy. As Evans reveals, medieval Christianity was shaped above all by its promise of salvation or eternal perdition.

 

Marianne E. Kalinke:Stories Set Forth With Fair Words - The Evolution of Medieval Romance in Iceland

Marianne E. Kalinke:Stories Set Forth With Fair Words - The Evolution of Medieval Romance in Iceland
240 sider, University of Wales.

This book details the foundation and evolution of the romance genre in Iceland, tracing it from the introduction of French narratives and showing how they were acculturated into indigenous literary traditions. Marianne E. Kalinke focuses in particular on the oldest Icelandic copies of three chansons de geste and four of the earliest indigenous literary traditions, all found in an Icelandic codex from around 1300. She breaks considerable new ground in tracing the impact of the translated epic poems, which have largely been neglected by scholars in favor of the courtly romances.

 

H.C. Gulløv, Poul Olsen, Niels Brimnes, Per Hernæs, Mikkel Venborg Pedersen og Erik Gøbel (red.): Danmark og kolonierne

H.C. Gulløv, Poul Olsen, Niels Brimnes, Per Hernæs, Mikkel Venborg Pedersen og Erik Gøbel (red.): Danmark og kolonierne

5 bd. 2000 sider – ca. 400 pr. bd., velillustreret, Gads forlag.

 

De fem bind dækker dybden og bredden af den danske kolonihistorie fra starten under Christian IV i 1600-tallet og frem til afslutningen? Af de fleste af kolonierne ved starten af det 20. århundrede. Fire af bindene hand-ler om selve kolonierne mens det sidste handler om den påvirkning det at være kolonination har haft på det danske rige derhjemme. Det nye grund-værk til dem, der har interesse i den danske kolonihistorie. Bøgerne giver en nuanceret beskrivelse og stiller de kritiske spørgsmål, der er nødvendige ift. det moralske i kolonier.

 

Karsten Skjold Petersen: Det ulykkelige slag - Helsingborg 1710

Karsten Skjold Petersen: Det ulykkelige slag - Helsingborg 1710

240 sider og velillustreret, Gads forlag.

 

Det sidste alvorlige forsøg på at tage kontrollen med de østdanske provins-er endte med et brag i 1710. Slaget stod udenfor Helsingborg, og på trods af dansk overlegenhed endte det med et tab. Efter det efterfølgende så kendte hestedrab i byen selv blev der hurtigt sat gang i en undersøgelse af, hvad der mon gik galt. De kilder er hovedgrundlaget for bogen, som er en opdatering af den tidligere hovedbog fra 1903. Bogen er grundig og er en klassisk bog for de, der er intereserede i krigshistorie.

 

Martin Schwarz Lausten: Luther og Danmark i 500 år

Martin Schwarz Lausten: Luther og Danmark i 500 år

320 sider, Gads forlag.

 

Fra vores fremmeste nulevende kirkehistoriker kommer der en ny bog i forbindelse med reformationsåret. Religion er aldrig en simpel størrelse. Det er ikke mindst tilfældet med reformationen og oversættelsen af biblen til nationalsprog, så alle kunne læse guds ord. Læsningen af biblen er skift-et meget siden de oprindelige theser blev slået op for nu snart 500 år siden. Ved gentagne nedslag i den nu 500-årige historie er beskrevet hvordan den protestantismen har udviklet sig lige fra de tidligste over Brorson, Grundt-vig, Kirkegård og mange flere. Bogen er en interessant vandring i, hvad det vil sige, at være dansk troende.

 

Palle Birk Hansen: Næstved Museum 1917-2017

Palle Birk Hansen: Næstved Museum 1917-2017

143 sider, Næstved Museumsforening.

 

I bogen beskrives Næstved Museums historie fra den oprindelige interes-seforening over museet og fusionen med de sydøstsjællandske museer til Museum Sydøstdanmark i 2012. Det er den klassiske historie om, hvordan et museum bliver til og finder sig til rette med forskning og udgravninger i det lokale område. Museets historie har været lige så kompliceret som de mange andre danske museer og er værd at læse.

 

Umberto Albarella, Mauro Rizzetto, Hannah Russ, Kim Vickers, Sarah Viner-Daniels (eds): The Oxford Handbook of Zooarchaeology

Umberto Albarella, Mauro Rizzetto, Hannah Russ, Kim Vickers, Sarah Viner-Daniels (eds): The Oxford Handbook of Zooarchaeology

864 sider og let illustreret i s/h, OUP Oxford.

 

Bogens indhold udgør en status i forskningen i det vigtige emne. Ikke blot indeholder bogen en opdatering på fagets historie, men fremtidens mulig-heder og udfordringer tages også op. Herefter følger en beskrivelse af fag-ets metoder og ikke mindst en oversigt over vigtige termer. Bogen er på den måde en vigtig informationskilde til at opdatere videnen hos fagperson-er. For de af os, som arbejder i felten vil bogen være en kilde til de mulig-heder, der findes i de knoglematerialer, som vi graver frem.

 

Februar 2017

Tom Lambert: Law and Order in Anglo-Saxon England

Tom Lambert: Law and Order in Anglo-Saxon England (Ny)
416 sider, Oxford Academic Press.

The only modern book-length account of Anglo-Saxon legal culture and practice

Offers an original interpretation of a fundamental period in the history of English law

Treats law not as an isolated intellectual artefact but an integrated part of Anglo-Saxon society, economy, politics, and culture

Describes a distinctive legal order with no close modern analogies; neither state-like nor stateless, it needs to be understood on its own terms

 

Andrew Hicks: Composing the World - Harmony in the Medieval Platonic Cosmos

Andrew Hicks: Composing the World - Harmony in the Medieval Platonic Cosmos (Ny)
344 sider, Oxford Academic Press.

Includes quotations from and editions of previously unpublished Latin texts

Offers a new perspective on the reception of Boethian music theory in the context of late-ancient and twelfth-century Platonic philosophy

Places medieval thought in dialogue with contemporary theory

 

Alice M. W Hunt (ed.):The Oxford Handbook of Archaeological Ceramic Analysis

Alice M. W Hunt (ed.):The Oxford Handbook of Archaeological Ceramic Analysis (Ny)
600 sider, Oxford Academic Press.

Adopts an interdisciplinary approach with insights from archaeology, anthropology, geology, and materials science

Draws together topics and methodologies essential for the socio-cultural, mineralogical, and geochemical analysis of archaelogical ceramic

Provides a common vocabulary and offers practical tools and guidelines for ceramic analysis

 

Stewart Lyon: The Lyon Collection of Anglo-Saxon Coins

Stewart Lyon: The Lyon Collection of Anglo-Saxon Coins (Ny)
250 sider, Oxford Academic Press.

A specialist collection based on scholarly research

Comprehensive catalogue describes and illustrates more than 1,000 Anglo-Saxon coins

 

Christian Buchet (ed.) & Michel Balard (ed): The Sea in History - The Medieval World

Christian Buchet (ed.) & Michel Balard (ed): The Sea in History - The Medieval World (Ny)
1086 sider, Boydell Press.

How important has the sea been in the development of human history? Very important indeed is the conclusion of this ground-breaking four volume work. The books bring together the world's leading maritime historians, who address the question of what difference the sea has made in relation to around 250 situations ranging from the earliest times to the present. They consider, across the entire world, subjects related to human migration, trade, economic development, warfare, the building of political units including states and empires, the dissemination of ideas, culture and religion, and much more, showing how the sea was crucial to all these aspects of human development.
The Sea in History - The Medieval World covers the period from the end of the Roman Empire in the West up to around the year 1500. It demonstrates that for many peoples and states in this period the sea was central to their existence - the Vikings, the Hanse, Venice, Genoa, the Normans - and it shows also how important the sea was for states which are not normally thought of as maritime powers, such as Byzantium, the Crusader states and the Mongol Empire. The book is global in its coverage, including material on East and Southeast Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean and Africa, with particularly interesting material on China's extensive voyages of exploration in the fifteenth century, the role of the Vikings in the early formation of Russia, and on the building of ships, appropriate to local conditions, in different parts of the world.

Beatrice Moring & Richard Wall: Widows in European Economy and Society, 1600-1920

Beatrice Moring & Richard Wall: Widows in European Economy and Society, 1600-1920 (Ny)
342 sider, Boydell Press.

Widows are often viewed as being marginalised in society, struggling to make a living and in need of financial and other support. However, as this extensively researched and wide-ranging book reveals, widows did, in fact, engage very effectively in economic activity, often being in charge of families, households and commercial enterprises. The book outlines how extensive widowhood was; examines the provisions made for the support of widows, including in the form of marriage contracts, dowries and charitable assistance; and provides numerous examples of widows being economically active, paying their way and involving themselves energetically in society - one notable example being Barbe-Nicole Clicquot, who established a very successful company producing La Veuve Clicquot champagne. Using statistical analysis and individual case studies, the book contrasts the situation in different parts of Europe, and between rural and urban areas, and shows how provision for widows both in law and in practice evolved over time. Overall, it contributes a great deal to women's history, helping to correct the image that women were victims of male society, and to family history, showing that exceptions to the "ideal" nuclear family were very common.

Troels Myrup Kristensen & Wiebke Friese (eds.): Excavating Pilgrimage - Archaeological Approaches to Sacred Travel and Movement in the Ancient World

Troels Myrup Kristensen & Wiebke Friese (eds.): Excavating Pilgrimage - Archaeological Approaches to Sacred Travel and Movement in the Ancient World
292 sider, Routeledge.
This volume sheds new light on the significance and meaning of material culture for the study of pilgrimage in the ancient world, focusing in particular on Classical and Hellenistic Greece, the Roman Empire and Late Antiquity. It thus discusses how archaeological evidence can be used to advance our understanding of ancient pilgrimage and ritual experience. The volume brings together a group of scholars who explore some of the rich archaeological evidence for sacred travel and movement, such as the material footprint of different activities undertaken by pilgrims, the spatial organization of sanctuaries and the wider catchment of pilgrimage sites, as well as the relationship between architecture, art and ritual. Contributions also tackle both methodological and theoretical issues related to the study of pilgrimage, sacred travel and other types of movement to, from and within sanctuaries through case studies stretching from the first millennium BC to the early medieval period.

 

Robin Skeates (ed.): Museums and Archaeology

Robin Skeates (ed.): Museums and Archaeology
662 sider, Routeledge.

Museums and Archaeology brings together a wide, but carefully chosen, selection of literature from around the world that connects museums and archaeology. Part of the successful Leicester Readers in Museum Studies series, it provides a combination of issue- and practice-based perspectives. As such, it is a volume not only for students and researchers from a range of disciplines interested in museum, gallery and heritage studies, including public archaeology and cultural resource management (CRM), but also the wide range of professionals and volunteers in the museum and heritage sector who work with archaeological collections.

The volume’s balance of theory and practice and its thematic and geographical breadth is explored and explained in an extended introduction, which situates the readings in the context of the extensive literature on museum archaeology, highlighting the many tensions that exist between idealistic ‘principles’ and real-life ‘practice’ and the debates that surround these. In addition to this, section introductions and the seminal pieces themselves provide a comprehensive and contextualised resource on the interplay of museums and archaeology.

 

Bintley, M., Locker, M., Symons, V., Wellesley, M. (Eds.): Stasis in the Medieval West?: Questioning Change and Continuity

Bintley, M., Locker, M., Symons, V., Wellesley, M. (Eds.): Stasis in the Medieval West?: Questioning Change and Continuity
283 sider, Palgrave Macmillan.

This volume questions the extent to which Medieval studies has emphasized the period as one of change and development through reexamining aspects of the medieval world that remained static. The Medieval period is popularly thought of as a dark age, before the flowerings of the Renaissance ushered a return to the wisdom of the Classical era. However, the reality familiar to scholars and students of the Middle Ages – that this was a time of immense transition and transformation – is well known. This book approaches the theme of ‘stasis’ in broad terms, with chapters covering the full temporal range from Late Antiquity to the later Middle Ages. Contributors to this collection seek to establish what remained static, continuous or ongoing in the Medieval era, and how the period’s political and cultural upheavals generated stasis in the form of deadlock, nostalgia, and the preservation of ancient traditions.

 

Alexandra Schwarzkopf: Axel Bundsen - Um 1800. Dänisch-deutsche Architektur an der Epochenschwelle

Alexandra Schwarzkopf: Axel Bundsen - Um 1800. Dänisch-deutsche Architektur an der Epochenschwelle
376 sider, Wachholz Verlag.

Axel Bundsen war einer der bedeutendsten norddeutschen Architekten des 18. Jahrhunderts. Ebenso wie seine Zeitgenossen C. F. Hansen und F. Gilly, repräsentiert Bundsen mit seinem Werk die kulturelle Wirklichkeit seiner Zeit. Die Autorin Alexandra Schwarzkopf legt mit dieser umfangreichen Gesamtdarstellung von dem Leben und Werk Axel Bundsens die erste Monographie über den Architekten vor. Zahlreiche Abbildungen bereichern ihre gründlich recherchierten Ausführungen. Es entsteht ein detailliertes Porträt Axel Bundsens und seiner Zeit, welches die Autorin in einen architekturhistorischen Gesamtkontext einordnet.

 

Dawn M Hadley (ed) & Christopher Dyer (ed): The Archaeology of the 11th Century - Continuities and Transformations

Dawn M Hadley (ed) & Christopher Dyer (ed): The Archaeology of the 11th Century - Continuities and Transformations
310 sider, Routledge.

The Archaeology of the 11th Century addresses many key questions surrounding this formative period of English history and considers conditions before 1066 and how these changed. The impact of the Conquest of England by the Normans is the central focus of the book, which not only assesses the destruction and upheaval caused by the invading forces, but also examines how the Normans contributed to local culture, religion, and society. The volume explores a range of topics including food culture, funerary practices, the development of castles and their impact, and how both urban and rural life evolved during the 11th century. Through its nuanced approach to the complex relationships and regional identities which characterised the period, this collection stimulates renewed debate and challenges some of the long-standing myths surrounding the Conquest. Presenting new discoveries and fresh ideas in a readable style with numerous illustrations, this interdisciplinary book is an invaluable resource for those interested in the archaeology, history, geography, art, and literature of the 11th century.

 

 

Michael Høxbro Andersen: Kunsten at konversere - høflighed i Frankrig fra renæssancen til oplysningen

Michael Høxbro Andersen: Kunsten at konversere - høflighed i Frankrig fra renæssancen til oplysningen

312 sider, Museum Tusculanum.

Denne udgivelse omhandler udgivelser fra Frankrig i enevældens tid, hvor den korrekte hofetikette blev debateret. Bogen tager udgangspunkt i konsersationskunstens begyndelse i renæssancen og frem til oplysningsfilosoffernes kritik af den i det 18. århundrede.

Inger Lyngdrup Nørgård: Beskyt de værdige fattige! Opfattelser og behandling af fattige i velgørenhed, filantropi og fattigvæsen i København 1770-1874

Inger Lyngdrup Nørgård: Beskyt de værdige fattige! Opfattelser og behandling af fattige i velgørenhed, filantropi og fattigvæsen i København 1770-1874

269 sider og velillustreret, Syddansk Universitetsforlag.

 

Understøttelse af fattige- og folk uden arbejde har og er til konstant diskus-sion. Selv i fortiden har der været mange meninger om og løsninger af de problemer, som fattigdom skaber. Særligt opdelingen af værdige og uvær-dige er relevant også for nutiden. Forfatteren har i bogen behandlet under-støttelsen som helhed fra 1771, hvor området blev gennemgående reforme-ret og lavet en grundig analyse af emnet fordelt på tre hovedperioder. Bogen er grundig og giver et særdeles godt overblik over den udvikling i tænkning og praktisk løsning, der er bragt til emnet i perioden.

 

Ulla Houkjær: Fajancer fra Holland, Frankrig og Tyskland 1600-1800

Ulla Houkjær: Fajancer fra Holland, Frankrig og Tyskland 1600-1800

416 sider og velillustreret, Designmuseum Danmark.

 

Bogen er en kærkommen opdatering på et emne, som ellers ikke får meget opmærksomhed i forskningen. Den kan siges at være en opfølgning af den over 100 år gamle Keramiske Håndbog af Emil Hannover. Bogen består af flere dele heraf fremstilling og teknik. Yderligere beskrives i bogen den stilmæssige udvikling af den mest dekorative gruppe lertøj mellem middel-alderens gods og nutidens porcelæn med dens storhedstid i 1700 tallet. Bogen afsluttes af et stort katalog med over 250 fajancer.

 

Hans Chr. Bjerg og Tor Jørgen Melien (red.): For Kongen og Flåten – Matros Trosners dagbok 1710-1714

Hans Chr. Bjerg og Tor Jørgen Melien (red.): For Kongen og Flåten – Matros Trosners dagbok 1710-1714

912 sider i 2 bd., Fagbokforlaget, Bergen.

Originalkilden kan ses gratis på: https://www.arkivverket.no/utforsk-arkivene/norges-dokumentarv/matros-trosners-dagbok-1710-1714

 

De to bind udgør samlet set en af de bedste kilder til den dansk-norske flådes historie indefra i starten af 1700 tallet. Dagbogen er illustreret med en mængde tegninger, og er på den måde en utrolig kilde til slaget i Køge Bugt i 1710. De viser desuden også skibe, flagføring og meget mere. Dag-bogen komplimenteres af en efterforskning efter den oprindelige forfatter, som viste sig at være broderen til den, som man oprindeligt havde tænkt som forfatter. Til slut kan nævnes, at de to redaktørers kapitler er udgivet på norsk selvom kun den ene er nordmand. Dagbogens sprog er oversat til nutidsdansk.

Januar 2017

Nigel Saul: Lordship and Faith - The English Gentry and the Parish Church in the Middle Ages

Nigel Saul: Lordship and Faith - The English Gentry and the Parish Church in the Middle Ages (Ny)
384 sider, Oxford Academic Press.

The first book to make a study of how the gentry interacted with the medieval parish church

Makes a significant contribution not only to the history of the English gentry but also to the history of the rural parish church

Weaves together church history with social, religious, and architectural history

Presents an accessible account, written by an established and respected author

 

Matthew Johnson (ed.): Lived Experience in the Later Middle Ages: Studies of Bodiam and Other Elite Landscapes in South-Eastern England

Matthew Johnson (ed.): Lived Experience in the Later Middle Ages: Studies of Bodiam and Other Elite Landscapes in South-Eastern England
300 sider, The Highfield Press.

This edited volume sets out the work of a team of scholars from Northwestern University and the University of Southampton led by Matthew Johnson, in collaboration with the National Trust. Between 2010 and 2014, different members of the group carried out topographical, geophysical and building survey at four different late medieval sites and landscapes in south-eastern England, all owned and managed by the National Trust: Bodiam, Scotney, Knole and Ightham. Studies were also undertaken into documentary, map and other evidence. A particularly important element of the research was to synthesise and re-present the ‘grey literature’ at all four sites. This volume seeks to present this work and discuss its archaeological and historical importance. It places the four sites and their landscapes in their setting, as part of the wider landscape of south-east England. It discusses the importance of these places in understanding later medieval elite sites and landscapes in general, and in terms of their long-term biographies and contexts. Central to the volume are the linked ideas of lived experience and political ecology in presenting a new understanding of late medieval sites and landscapes.

 

Bryony Onciul, Michelle L. Stefano, Stephanie Hawke (eds.): Engaging Heritage, Engaging Communities

Bryony Onciul, Michelle L. Stefano, Stephanie Hawke (eds.): Engaging Heritage, Engaging Communities
256 sider, Boydell & Brewer.

International, multi-disciplinary perspectives on the key question of community engagement in theory and practice in a diverse range of heritage settings.

Across the global networks of heritage sites, museums, and galleries, the importance of communities to the interpretation and conservation of heritage is increasingly being recognised. Yet the very term "meaningful community engagement" betrays a myriad of contrary approaches and understandings. Who is a community? How can they engage with heritage and why would they want to? How do communities and heritage professionals perceive one another? What does it mean to "engage"? These questions unsettle the very foundations of community engagement and indicate a need to unpick this important but complex trend.
Engaging Heritage, Engaging Communities critically explores the latest debates and practices surrounding community collaboration. By examining the different ways in which communities participate in heritage projects, the book questions the benefits, costs and limitations of community engagement. Whether communities are engaging through innovative initiatives or in response to economic, political or social factors, there is a need to understand how such engagements are conceptualised, facilitated and experienced by both the organisations and the communities involved.

Conor Byrn: Queenship in England: 1308–1485 Gender and Power in the Late Middle Ages

Conor Byrn: Queenship in England: 1308–1485 Gender and Power in the Late Middle Ages

148 sider, MadeGlobal Publishing.

 

Kongerne er typisk dem, der er forsket mest i, men bag enhver konge er en dronning. Gennem perioden er der i alt 9 dronninger. Bogen beskriver og diskuterer hvordan deres rolle og betydning skiftede og blev influeret af tiderne i løbet af perioden. Magt og køn er stærke emner, og det hele er sat midt i den dramatiske periode, hvor England er præget af hhv. hundredårskrigen og War of the Roses.

 

Sivald Grøsfjeld: Sagakritikkens historie : hovedlinjer i norsk og nordisk forskning på sagaenes troverdighet fra Torfæus til vår tid

Sivald Grøsfjeld: Sagakritikkens historie : hovedlinjer i norsk og nordisk forskning på sagaenes troverdighet fra Torfæus til vår tid

432 sider, Sagabok.

 

De nordiske sagaer opfattes meget forskelligt blandt forskere. De seneste årtiers post-processualisme og internettets fremkomst har skabt den illu-sion, at kritik ikke har eksisteret før. Det er imidlertid ikke helt sandheden. I bogen bruger Grøsfjeld nedslag i den historiske brug af sagaerne. Brugen af sagaerne i forsøget på at nå den forhistoriske virkelighed har været ud-bredt, men det har ikke været uden sine kritikere selv iblandt tidlige forsk-ere. I bogen præsenteres forskningen og kritikere fra 1600-tallet og frem til i dag, og kan bruges til at give stof til eftertanke for historiske kilder i det hele taget.

 

December 2016

Lisa Colton: Angel Song: Medieval English Music in History

Lisa Colton: Angel Song: Medieval English Music in History (Ny)
202 sider, Routledge.

Although medieval English music has been relatively neglected in comparison with repertoire from France and Italy, there are few classical musicians today who have not listened to the thirteenth-century song ‘Sumer is icumen in’, or read of the achievements and fame of fifteenth-century composer John Dunstaple. Similarly, the identification of a distinctively English musical style (sometimes understood as the contenance angloise) has been made on numerous occasions by writers exploring the extent to which English ideas influenced polyphonic composition abroad. Angel song: Medieval English music in history examines the ways in which the standard narratives of English musical history have been crafted, from the Middle Ages to the present. Colton challenges the way in which the concept of a canon of English music has been built around a handful of pieces, composers and practices, each of which offers opportunities for a reappraisal of English musical and devotional cultures between 1250 and 1460.

 

Unn Pedersen: Into the Melting Pot - Non-ferrous Metalworkers in Viking-period Kaupang

Unn Pedersen: Into the Melting Pot - Non-ferrous Metalworkers in Viking-period Kaupang (Ny)
222 sider, Aarhus Universitetsforlag.
Into the Melting Pot, examines workshop waste and discusses the craftspeople in the Viking town of Kaupang including their activities, crafted products, raw materials, skills and networks. The study focuses on artefacts used in non-ferrous metalworking: crucibles, moulds, matrix dies, tuyères and a unique collection of lead models. The tools and the waste material provide a completely new understanding of the craftspeople who where working with gold, silver, copper alloys, lead and tin. These metalworkers mastered many different materials and techniques; indeed, they were well-informed, well-trained and skillful, and manufactured a range of different items for women and men. There is every reason to believe that visitors and residents perceived the non-ferrous metalworking as a defining feature of the Viking-period town. The combination of excavations and surface surveys has produced a broad and diverse collection of material very similar to finds in different Viking-period towns in Scandinavia including Ribe, Birka and Hedeby. The finds show that Kaupang was an important centre for the production of jewelry, and the craftspeople appear to have had access to a range of high quality raw materials including brass and kaolin clay. Their activity can be traced from earliest layers of the beginning of the 9th Century to the early 10th Century. Altogether, the production waste from Kaupang illustrates how a range of different social groups were involved in the process of forging an urban identity.

Richard M. Hutchings: Maritime Heritage in Crisis - Indigenous Landscapes and Global Ecological Breakdown

Richard M. Hutchings: Maritime Heritage in Crisis - Indigenous Landscapes and Global Ecological Breakdown
144 sider, Routeledge.

Grounded in critical heritage studies and drawing on a Pacific Northwest Coast case study, Maritime Heritage in Crisis explores the causes and consequences of the contemporary destruction of Indigenous heritage sites in maritime settings. Maritime heritage landscapes are undergoing a period of unprecedented crisis: these areas are severely impacted by coastal development, continued population growth and climate change. Indigenous heritage sites are thought to be particularly vulnerable to these changes and cultural resource management is frequently positioned as a community’s first line of defense, yet there is increasing evidence that this archaeological technique is an ineffective means of protection. Exploring themes of colonial dislocation and displacement, Hutchings positions North American archaeology as neoliberal statecraft: a tool of government designed to promote and permit the systematic clearance of Indigenous heritage landscapes in advance of economic development. Presenting the institution of archaeology and cultural resource management as a grave threat to Indigenous maritime heritage, Maritime Heritage in Crisis offers an important lesson on the relationship between neoliberal heritage regimes and global ecological breakdown.

 

Craig M Nakashia: Warrior Churchmen of Medieval England, 1000-1250

Craig M Nakashia: Warrior Churchmen of Medieval England, 1000-1250
272 sider, The Boydell Press.

Christianity has had a problematic relationship with warfare throughout its history, with the middle ages being no exception. While warfare came to be accepted as a necessary activity for laymen, clerics were largely excluded from military activity. Those who participated in war risked falling foul of a number of accepted canons of the church as well as the opinions of their peers. However, many continued to involve themselves in war - including active participation on battlefields. This book, focusing on a number of individual English clerics between 1000 and 1250, seeks to untangle the cultural debate surrounding this military behavior. It sets its examination into a broader context, including the clerical reform movement of the eleventh and twelfth centuries, the development of a more comprehensive canon law, and the popularization of chivalric ideology. Rather than portraying these clerics as anachronistic outliers or mere criminals, this study looks at how contemporaries understood their behaviour, arguing that there was a wide range of views - which often included praise for clerics who fought in licit causes. The picture which emerges is that clerical violence, despite its prescriptive condemnation, was often judged by how much it advanced the interests of the observer.

 

Jørgen Burchardt: Gods på vej. Vejtransportens danmarkshistorie

Jørgen Burchardt: Gods på vej. Vejtransportens danmarkshistorie

tre bind 1518 sider, første bind 506 sider, Danmarks Tekniske Museum/ Forlaget Kulturbøger

 

Trebindsværket er et monumentalt værk, der dækker transporten fra de tid-ligste tider til den nyeste periode. Det første bind tager de enkelte transport-midler og beskriver med god struktur udviklingen indtil vi er nået det 20. århundrede. De øvrige bind beskriver alt fra teori metode og forskning og den moderne tids transport. Er man interesseret i transport som helhed med et fokus på den nyeste er det værket, som man har brug for.

 

 

Michael Andersen, Hans Mikkelsen (red.): Hedensted Kirke - Undersøgelser og restaureringer

Michael Andersen, Hans Mikkelsen (red.): Hedensted Kirke - Undersøgelser og restaureringer

157 sider og rigt illustreret, Det Kongelige Nordiske Oldskriftselskab.

 

Kirkeudgravningernes storhedstid er efterhånden nogle årtier gammel, og det er derfor usædvanligt, når der er store udgravninger i det indre af kir-kerne. En undtagelse er indlæggelsen af gulvarme i Hedensted kirke, som førte en næsten komplet udgravning af kirkens indre med sig i 2007-08. Undersøgelsen selv og den tidligere undersøgelseshistorie er præsenteret i bogen, som foruden selve kirkens historie indeholder kapitler om kalk-malerier, klokkestøbning, mønter og makrofosiler mm.

 

Jette Linaa: Urban Consumption - Tracing urbanity in the archaeological record of Aarhus c. AD 800-1800

Jette Linaa: Urban Consumption - Tracing urbanity in the archaeological record of Aarhus c. AD 800-1800

240, Aarhus Universitetsforlag.

 

Hvad udgør egentlig forskellen mellem land og by? Det udforskes gennem bogens brug af otte udgravninger fra Århus midtby og syv udgravninger i oplandet til sammenligning. Manglerne i naturvidenskabelige dateringer opvejes ved brugen af dybe keramikstudier, som placerer lagene fra de forskellige udgravninger mellem hinanden.  Ud fra den dybe forståelse og brugen af skriftlige kilder undersøges urbanitetens forskellige former og deres udvikling i Århus i en tusindårig periode. For at citere Morten Larsens (Vendsyssel Historiske Museum) anmelselse ” mange af bogens delstudier snildt kunne udfoldes til større projekter – hvilket der dog ikke i det berørte værk er plads til”.

November 2016

Sara McDougall: Royal Bastards - The Birth of Illegitimacy, 800-1230

Sara McDougall: Royal Bastards - The Birth of Illegitimacy, 800-1230 (Ny)
336 sider, Oxford Academic Press.

The only dedicated history of illegitimate children in medieval Europe

Rethinks many long-held notions of medieval social, political, and legal history

Challenges our ideas about the role of women and female lineage in medieval society

Seeks to reinstate the importance of canon and secular law in the eleventh to mid-twelfth centuries, for illegitimate children and more broadly.

 

Craig Spence: Accidents and Violent Death in Early Modern London - 1650-1750

Craig Spence: Accidents and Violent Death in Early Modern London - 1650-1750 (Ny)
288 sider, Boydell Press.

Between the mid-seventeenth and mid-eighteenth centuries more than 15,000 Londoners suffered sudden violent deaths. While this figure includes around 3,000 who were murdered or committed suicide, the vast majority of fatalities resulted from accidents. In the early modern period, accidental and 'disorderly' deaths - from drowning, falls, stabbing, shooting, fires, explosions, suffocation, animals and vehicles, among other causes - were a regular feature of urban life and left a significant mark in the archival records of the period.
This book provides the first substantive critical study of the early modern accident, revealing and chronicling the lives - and deaths - of hundreds of otherwise unknown Londoners. Drawing on the weekly London Bills of Mortality, parish burial registers, newspapers and other related documents, it examines accidents and other forms of violent death in the city with a view to understanding who among its residents encountered such events, how the bureaucracy recorded and elaborated their circumstances and why they did so, and what practical responses might follow. Through a systematic review of the character of accidents, medical and social interventions, and changing attitudes toward the regulation of hazards across the metropolis, it establishes the historical significance of the accident and shows how, as the eighteenth century progressed, providential explanations gave way to a more rational viewpoint that saw certain accident events as threats to be managed rather than misfortunes to be explained. Additionally, the book explores how knowledge of such incidents was transformed to become a recurring cultural trope in oral, textual and visual narratives of metropolitan life, thereby opening a window to the way in which sudden death and violent injury was understood by early modern mentalities.

Ulrich L. Lehner, Richard A. Muller, & A.G. Roeber (eds.): The Oxford Handbook of Early Modern Theology, 1600-1800

Ulrich L. Lehner, Richard A. Muller, & A.G. Roeber (eds.): The Oxford Handbook of Early Modern Theology, 1600-1800
688 sider, Oxford University Press.

The Oxford Handbook of Early Modern Theology, 1600-1800 will offer a comprehensive and reliable introduction to Christian theological literature originating in Western Europe from, roughly, the end of the French Wars of Religion (1598) to the Congress of Vienna (1815).

Using a variety of approaches, the contributors examine theology spanning from Bossuet to Jonathan Edwards. They review the major forms of early modern theology, such as Cartesian scholasticism, Enlightenment, and early Romanticism; sketch the teachings of major theological concepts, along with important historical developments; introduce the principal practitioners of each kind of theology and delineate their particular theological contributions and stresses; and depict the engagement by early modern theologians with other religions or churches, such Judaism, Islam, and the eastern Church.

Combining contributions from top scholars in the field, this will be an invaluable resource for understanding a complex and varied body of research.

 

Robert Liddiard (ed.): Late Medieval Castles

Robert Liddiard (ed.): Late Medieval Castles
443 sider, Boydell & Brewer.

A collection of the most significant articles in castle studies, with contributions from scholars in history, archaeology, historic buildings and landscape archaeology.

The castles of the late medieval period represent some of the finest medieval monuments in Britain, with an almost infinite capacity to fascinate and draw controversy. They are also a source of considerable academic debate.
The contents of this volume represent key works in castle scholarship. Topics discussed include castle warfare, fortress customs, architectural design and symbolism, spatial planning and the depiction of castles in medieval romance. The contributions also serve to highlight the diversity of approaches to the medieval castle, ranging from the study of documentary and literary sources, analysis of fragmentary architectural remains and the recording of field archaeology. The result is a survey that offers an in-depth analysis of castle building from the thirteenth to the fifteenth centuries, and places castles within their broader social, architectural and political contexts.

 

Rainer-Maria Weiss (red): Hammaburg - Wie alles began

Rainer-Maria Weiss (red): Hammaburg - Wie alles began
144 sider, Wachholz Verlag.

Das Archäologische Museum Hamburg schlägt eines der spannendsten Kapitel der Geschichte Hamburgs auf: Die historische Keimzelle der Hansestadt – die legendäre Hammaburg – gilt seit 2014 als endgültig entdeckt, womit zahlreiche Rätsel um die Gründung der Stadt gelöst werden konnten. So kann erstmals die Stadtwerdung Hamburgs lückenlos von einer kleinen sächsischen Siedlung des 8. Jahrhunderts bis zur blühenden Hansestadt aufgezeigt und illustriert werden.

Oktober 2016

Eleanor Rosamund Barraclough: Beyond the Northlands - Viking Voyages and the Old Norse Sagas

Eleanor Rosamund Barraclough: Beyond the Northlands - Viking Voyages and the Old Norse Sagas (Ny)
352 sider, Oxford Academic Press.

A fascinating voyage to the furthest edgelands of the Viking world via the drama of the Old Norse sagas - from the bleak landscapes of the Arctic Circle to medieval Constantinople, pre-Columbus north America to Kievan Rus

Places the rich confusion and fantasy of the sagas in the illuminating context of an array of other evidence, from rune-stones and ruins to texts from Byzantium and Baghdad

Includes vivid descriptions of the actual landscapes discovered, explored and inhabited by the Norsemen

Enables readers to understand the Norsemen like never before, as if they were travelling with them on their adventures to far-flung corners of the world

Matthew Driscoll (ed): Care and Conservation of Manuscripts 15

Matthew Driscoll (ed): Care and Conservation of Manuscripts 15 (Ny)
325 sider, Museum Tusculanum.

Care and Conservation of Manuscripts collects the best contemporary scholarship on the conservation, preservation, and use of historic manuscripts, often engaging issues surrounding the history of books and manuscripts as well. Volume 15 contains twenty-five contributions by distinguished scholars in the field. It covers an array of topics, including chapters on hidden text and illuminated manuscripts, Ethiopian parchment manuscripts, bindings, restoration, wax seals, and parchment booklets. Richly illustrated, the journal sets a high standard for the study of manuscript preservation and management.

Lisbeth Eilersgaard Christensen (red.), Thorsten Lemm (red.), Anne Pedersen (red.): Husebyer - status quo, open questions and perspectives - Papers from a workshop at the National Museum, Copenhagen, 19.-20. March 2014

Lisbeth Eilersgaard Christensen (red.), Thorsten Lemm (red.), Anne Pedersen (red.): Husebyer - status quo, open questions and perspectives - Papers from a workshop at the National Museum, Copenhagen, 19.-20. March 2014 (Ny)
190 sider, Syddansk Universitetsforlag.

Since the early 20th century the more than 130 hamlets or farms in Scandinavia and Orkney known by the name Husaby, Huseby, Husby, Husebø etc. have been a key topic in historical, archaeological and onomastic research into the Viking Age and early Medieval Period, closely linked to the discussion of kingship and political administration. As a prelude to plans for a systematic investigation of the Danish Husebyer in conjunction with those in Sweden, Norway and Orkney, the National Museum Jelling Project in March 2014 invited a group of scholars to take part in a interdisciplinary workshop. The aim was to focus on the current status quo of the Huseby-research and identify core targets for the future. The participants were therefore encouraged to suggest new paths of research, whether historical, onomastic or archaeological. During the workshop the following key themes were addressed:

- The current status and evidence for a dating of the Husebyer

- The origin of the presumed Huseby-system

- Possible explanations of the uneven distribution of the Husebyer

- Current interpretations of the background and the functions of the Husebyer

- Identification of Husebyer in Denmark, Sweden, Norway and Orkney which hold promise for further archaeological field investigations.

Kirsi Salonen (Ed) & Sari Katajala-Peltomaa (Ed): Church and Belief in the Middle Ages: Popes, Saints, and Crusaders

Kirsi Salonen (Ed) & Sari Katajala-Peltomaa (Ed): Church and Belief in the Middle Ages: Popes, Saints, and Crusaders
276 sider, Amsterdam University Press.

The roles of popes, saints, and crusaders were inextricably intertwined in the Middle Ages: papal administration was fundamental in the making and promulgating of new saints and in financing crusades, while crusaders used saints as propaganda to back up the authority of popes, and even occasionally they ended up being sanctified. Yet current scholarship rarely treats these three components of medieval faith together. This book remedies that by bringing together scholars to consider the links among the three and the ways that understanding them can help us build a more complete picture of the working of the church and Christianity in the Middle Ages.

 

Kurt Villads Jensen: Crusading at the Edges of Europe: Denmark and Portugal c.1000 – c.1250

Kurt Villads Jensen: Crusading at the Edges of Europe: Denmark and Portugal c.1000 – c.1250
384 sider, Routledge.

This book is the first to compare Denmark and Portugal systematically in the High Middle Ages and demonstrates how the two countries became strong kingdoms and important powers internationally by their participation in the crusading movement.

Communication in the Middle Ages was better developed than often assumed and institutions, ideas, and military technology was exchanged rapidly, meaning it was possible to coordinate great military expeditions across the geographical periphery of Western Europe. Both Denmark and Portugal were closely connected to the sea and developed strong fleets, at the entrance to the Baltic and in the Mediterranean Seas respectively. They also both had religious borders, to the pagan Wends and to the Muslims, that were pushed forward in almost continuous crusades throughout the centuries.

 

Emma J. Wells: Pilgrim Routes of the British Isles

Emma J. Wells: Pilgrim Routes of the British Isles

240 sider, Robert Hale Ltd.

 

Tidligere i Nyhedsbrevet præsenterede vi vores nye udgivelse af Mads Bjerregaard om landskabsanalyse, hvoraf en del af analysen var fænomeno-logisk baseret. Bogen af  Wells præsenterer den klassiske historie om pilgrimsrejsen som en rejseguide med gode kort og beskrivelser. Ved brugen af dem og at følge en af de i alt 7 præsenterede ruter kan man få fornemmelsen af den faktiske rejse, som man er taget på i middelalderen. På den måde kan man koble til fortidens mennesker ifølge de fænomenolo-giske teorier.

 

 

September 2016

Martin Heale: The Abbots and Priors of Late Medieval and Reformation England

Martin Heale: The Abbots and Priors of Late Medieval and Reformation England (Ny)
480 sider, Oxford Academic Press.

The first extended history of medieval monastic superiors

Sheds light on every aspect of monastic life - hierarchical structures, lifestyles, and public relations with the people and with the Crown

Investigates the crucial part played by abbots and priors during the Dissolution of the monasteries in the 1530s

Combines the studies of history, art history, and literature to offer a multi-faceted interdisciplinary approach to the subject

 

Joanna Bellis, Laura Slater (eds.): Representing War and Violence, 1250-1600

Joanna Bellis, Laura Slater (eds.): Representing War and Violence, 1250-1600
232 sider, Boydell & Brewer.

An examination of written and other responses to conflict in a variety of forms and genres, from the thirteenth to the seventeenth century.

War and violence took many forms in medieval and early modern Europe, from political and territorial conflict to judicial and social spectacle; from religious persecution and crusade to self-mortification and martyrdom; from comedic brutality to civil and domestic aggression. Various cultural frameworks conditioned both the acceptance of these forms of violence, and the protest that they met with: the elusive concept of chivalry, Christianity and just war theory, political ambition and the machinery of propaganda, literary genres and the expectations they generated and challenged.
The essays here, from the disciplines of history, art history and literature, explore how violence and conflict were documented, depicted, narrated and debated during this period. They consider manuals created for and addressed directly to kings and aristocratic patrons; romances whose affective treatments of violence invited profoundly empathetic, even troublingly pleasurable, responses; diaries and "autobiographies" compiled on the field and redacted for publication and self-promotion. The ethics and aesthetics of representation, as much as the violence being represented, emerge as a profound and constant theme for writers and artists grappling with this most fundamental and difficult topic of human experience.

Sian Anthony: Materialising Modern Cemeteries : Archaeological narratives of Assistens cemetery

Sian Anthony: Materialising Modern Cemeteries : Archaeological narratives of Assistens cemetery

390 sider, Lund Universitet.

Bogen kan hentes på: http://lup.lub.lu.se/search/ws/files/15767794/Sian_
Anthony_Ma terialising_Modern_Cemeteries.pdf


Bogen er en Ph.D. afhandling baseret på det udgravede materiale fra As-sietens kirkegården i København. Undersøgelsens grundlag var de 1000 begravelser, som måtte flyttes da det blev besluttet at skabe en metrostation på kirkegårdsområdet. Tidsperioden behandlet i undersøgelsen er 1810-1980. I løbet af perioden er det tydeligt, at der er sket en udvikling i den måde, som de begravede er gravlagt på. Tiden er meget moderne, men undersøgelsen viser, hvordan vi som arkæologer kan tilføje noget til den moderne periode trods de mange historiske kilder.

August 2016

Howard Williams (ed.) & Melanie Giles (ed.): Archaeologists and the Dead

Howard Williams (ed.) & Melanie Giles (ed.): Archaeologists and the Dead (Ny)
480 sider, Oxford Academic Press.

A lively and engaging topic for students and professionals

Chapters from contributors of a variety of backgrounds and roles make this engaging to all levels of archaeology

Delivering up-to-date insights into the impact of recent legislative change and institutional responses to "big" debates

 

Robin Netherton (ed. & Gale R. Owen-Crocker (ed.): Medieval Clothing and Textiles 12

Robin Netherton (ed. & Gale R. Owen-Crocker (ed.): Medieval Clothing and Textiles 12 (Ny)
222 sider, Boydell Press.

The studies collected here range through art, artifacts, documentary text, and poetry, addressing both real and symbolic functions of dress and textiles. John Block Friedman breaks new ground with his article on clothing for pets and other animals, while Grzegorz Pac compares depictions of sacred and royal female dress and evaluates attempts to link them together. Jonathan C. Cooper describes the clothing of scholars in Scotland's three pre-Reformation universities and the effects of the Reformation upon it. Camilla Luise Dahl examines references to women's garments in probates and what they reveal about early modern fashions. Megan Cavell focuses on the treatment of textiles associated with the Holy of Holies in Old English biblical poetry. Frances Pritchard examines the iconography, heraldry, and inscriptions on a worn and repaired set of embroidered fifteenth-century orphreys to determine their origin. Finally, Thomas M. Izbicki summarizes evidence for the choice of white linen for the altar and the responsibilities of priests for keeping it clean and in good repair.

John Munns: Cross and Culture in Anglo-Norman England - Theology, Imagery, Devotion

John Munns: Cross and Culture in Anglo-Norman England - Theology, Imagery, Devotion
360 sider, Boydell & Brewer.

An examination of the passion and crucifixion of Christ as depicted in the visual and religious culture of Anglo-Norman England.

The twelfth century has long been recognised as a period of unusual vibrancy and importance, witnessing seminal changes in the inter-related spheres of theology, devotional practice, and iconography, especially with regard to the cross and the crucifixion of Christ. However, the visual arts of the period have been somewhat neglected, scholarly activity tending to concentrate on its textual and intellectual heritage.
This book explores this extraordinarily rich and vibrant visual and religious culture, offering new and exciting insights into its significance, and studying the dynamic relationships between ideas and images in England between 1066 and the first decades of the thirteenth century. In addition to providing the first extensive survey of surviving Passion imagery from the period, it explores those images' contexts: intellectual, cultural, religious, and art-historical. It thus not only enhances our understanding of the place of the cross in Anglo-Norman culture; it also demonstrates how new image theories and patterns of agency shaped the life of the later medieval church.

Juli 2016

Bas van Bavel: Manors and Markets - Economy and Society in the Low Countries 500-1600

Bas van Bavel: Manors and Markets - Economy and Society in the Low Countries 500-1600 (Ny)
512 sider, Oxford Academic Press.

Charts 1000 years of history — a comprehensive account of the medieval Low Countries

Reveals the roots of Holland's 'Golden Age'

Covers a wide range of topics, including manorial system, witchcraft, the expansion of towns, and popular revolts — all placed in context of social and economic change

 

Michael Hicks (ed.): The Later Medieval Inquisitions Post Mortem - Mapping the Medieval Countryside and Rural Society

Michael Hicks (ed.): The Later Medieval Inquisitions Post Mortem - Mapping the Medieval Countryside and Rural Society (Ny)
240 sider, Boydell Press.

The Inquisitions post mortem (IPMs) are a truly wonderful source for many different aspects of late medieval countryside and rural life. They have recently been made digitally accessible and interrogatable by the Mapping the Medieval Countryside project, and the first fruits of these developments are presented here. The chapters examine IPMs in connection with the landscape and topography of England, in particular markets and fairs and mills; and consider the utility of proofs of age for everyday life on such topics as the Church, retaining, and the wine trade.

 

Juni 2016

Thomas A. Fudge: Jerome of Prague and the Foundations of the Hussite Movement

Thomas A. Fudge: Jerome of Prague and the Foundations of the Hussite Movement (Ny)
400 sider, Oxford Academic Press.

Offers the first book-length study on Jerome of Prague in the English language

Studies an important but underrepresented figure in the history of the later Middle Ages

 

Katie Stevenson (ed.) & Barbara Gribling (ed.):Chivalry and the Medieval Past

Katie Stevenson (ed.) & Barbara Gribling (ed.):Chivalry and the Medieval Past (Ny)
238 sider, Boydell Press.

One of the most difficult and complex ethical and cultural codes to define, chivalry has proved a flexible, ever-changing phenomenon, constantly adapted in the hands of medieval knights, Renaissance princes, early modern antiquarians, Enlightenment scholars, modern civic authorities, authors, historians and re-enactors. This book explores the rich variations in how the Middle Ages were conceptualised and historicised to illuminate the plurality of uses of the past. Using chivalry as a lens through which to examine concepts and uses of the medieval, it provides a critical assessment of the ways in which medieval chivalry became a shorthand to express contemporary ideals, powerfully demonstrating the ways in which history could be appropriated. The chapters combine attention to documentary evidence with what material culture can tell us, in particular using the built environment and the landscape as sources to understand how the medieval past was renegotiated. With contributions spanning diverse geographic regions and periods, it redraws current chronological boundaries by considering medievalism from the late Middle Ages to the present.

Laura Crombie: Archery and Crossbow Guilds in Medieval Flanders, 1300-1500

Laura Crombie: Archery and Crossbow Guilds in Medieval Flanders, 1300-1500
269 sider, Boydell & Brewer.

First full study devoted to the archery and crossbow guilds which grew up in Flanders in the middle ages.

The notion of "guilds" in civic society might conjure images of craft guilds, the organisations of butchers, bakers or brewers set up to regulate working practises. In the towns of medieval Flanders, however, a plethora of guilds existed which had little or nothing to do with the organisation of labour, including chambers of rhetoric, urban jousters and archery and crossbow guilds.
This is the first full-length study of the archery and crossbow guilds, encompassing not only the great urban centres of Ghent, Bruges and Lille but also numerous smaller towns, whose participation in guild culture was nonetheless significant. It examines guild membership, structure and organisation, revealing the diversity of guild brothers - and sisters - and bringing to life the elaborate social occasions when princes and plumbers would dine together. The most spectacular of these were the elaborate regional shooting competitions, whose entrances alone included play wagons, light shows and even an elephant! It also considers their social and cultural activities, and their important role in strengthening and rebuilding regional networks. Overall, it provides a new perspective on the strength of community within Flemish towns and the values that underlay medieval urban ideology.

Katie Stevenson, Barbara Gribling (eds.): Chivalry and the Medieval Past

Katie Stevenson, Barbara Gribling (eds.): Chivalry and the Medieval Past
238 sider, Boydell & Brewer.

An examination of the ways in which the fluid concept of "chivalry" has been used and appropriated after the middle ages.

One of the most difficult and complex ethical and cultural codes to define, chivalry has proved a flexible, ever-changing phenomenon, constantly adapted in the hands of medieval knights, Renaissance princes, early modern antiquarians, Enlightenment scholars, modern civic authorities, authors, historians and re-enactors. This book explores the rich variations in how the Middle Ages were conceptualised and historicised to illuminate the plurality of uses of the past. Using chivalry as a lens through which to examine concepts and uses of the medieval, it provides a critical assessment of the ways in which medieval chivalry became a shorthand to express contemporary ideals, powerfully demonstrating the ways in which history could be appropriated. The chapters combine attention to documentary evidence with what material culture can tell us, in particular using the built environment and the landscape as sources to understand how the medieval past was renegotiated. With contributions spanning diverse geographic regions and periods, it redraws current chronological boundaries by considering medievalism from the late Middle Ages to the present.

 

Sheila Sweetinburgh (ed.): Early Medieval Kent, 800-1220

Sheila Sweetinburgh (ed.): Early Medieval Kent, 800-1220
347 sider, Boydell & Brewer.

Essays on the most important aspects of Kent's history at a time of great growth and change.

Duke William's march through Kent on his way to London after Hastings in 1066 is testimony to the importance of the county. So too are the royal fortifications at Canterbury, Dover and Rochester, and the mostly successful strategy of ruling Kent through a partnership of Crown and Church. The religious communities at Canterbury Cathedral and St Augustine's became two of the premier monasteries in England, and (following the death of Thomas Becket) international centres of pilgrimage. Yet, as well as times of triumph, these four hundred years witnessed massive difficulties for the people of Kent, and England. Viking incursions in two major phases covering two centuries were instrumental, for example, in the loss of most royal nunneries in Kent and the sacking of Canterbury in 1011. Socially, too, this was a formative period in the county's history. Colonization and rural settlement were shaped by the varied physical landscape, but also by matters of lordship and landholding that together marked Kent as distinctive, which would later become enshrined in the Customs of Kent (1293). Similarly the growth of numerous small towns, especially coastal and inland ports, highlight the vitality of the county's commercial development; the provision of ship service to the king by the confederation of the Cinque Ports denotes a special relationship that still exists today.
These essays provide insights into a range of topics of importance in the history of Kent during this seminal period. To provide a context for these, the opening essay presents an assessment of the kingdom of Kent. Subsequent chapters consider the development of first rural and then urban society, the impact of the Vikings, pilgrimage and the landscape, literacy and learning, the developing monastic way of life, and parish church architecture. Three multidisciplinary chapters discuss Canterbury as a case study, while a gazetteer of place-name elements closes the book.

Maj 2016

Tom Brughmans (ed.), Anna Collar (ed.) & Fiona Coward (ed.): The Connected Past - Challenges to Network Studies in Archaeology and History

Tom Brughmans (ed.), Anna Collar (ed.) & Fiona Coward (ed.): The Connected Past - Challenges to Network Studies in Archaeology and History (Ny)
240 sider, Oxford Academic Press.

Features a comprehensive volume introduction which explains what network science is, why it is of interest for studying the past, and outlines the challenges faced when using network science in archaeology and history

Provides archaeologists and historians with a selection of the methodological and conceptual tools they need to compare and evaluate the strengths and limitations of different network approaches

Features international contributors from a range of disciplines (archaeology, history, physics, and mathematics) who are all pioneers in applying network perspectives to the study of the past

Presents a solid set of case studies which demonstrate how the challenges of applying network science perspectives to archaeological and historical datasets are overcome

 

Tiffany Jenkins: Keeping Their Marbles - How the Treasures of the Past Ended Up in Museums - And Why They Should Stay There

Tiffany Jenkins: Keeping Their Marbles - How the Treasures of the Past Ended Up in Museums - And Why They Should Stay There (Ny)
368 sider, Oxford Academic Press.

How some of the greatest treasures of world archaeology ended up in the musems of the West

From the the Benin Bronzes to the Bust of Nefertiti, looks at the intriguing and sometimes bloody tale of how these objects were wrenched from their original context

Argues controversially that these objects should remain where they are - in the museums of the West - and not be returned to the lands from which they came

With a new introduction for the paperback (April 2018), looking back on some of the controversies since the publication of Keeping Their Marbles.

Thomas Birkett: Reading the Runes in Old English and Old Norse Poetry

Thomas Birkett: Reading the Runes in Old English and Old Norse Poetry (Ny)
224 sider, Taylor & Francis Ltd.

Reading the Runes in Old English and Old Norse Poetry is the first book-length study to compare responses to runic heritage in the literature of Anglo-Saxon England and medieval Iceland. The Anglo-Saxon runic script had already become the preserve of antiquarians at the time the majority of Old English poetry was written down, and the Icelanders recording the mythology associated with the script were at some remove from the centres of runic practice in medieval Scandinavia. Both literary cultures thus inherited knowledge of the runic system and the traditions associated with it, but viewed this literate past from the vantage point of a developed manuscript culture. There has, as yet, been no comprehensive study of poetic responses to this scriptural heritage, which include episodes in such canonical texts as Beowulf, the Old English riddles and the poems of the Poetic Edda. By analysing the inflection of the script through shared literary traditions, this study enhances our understanding of the burgeoning of literary self-awareness in early medieval vernacular poetry and the construction of cultural memory, and furthers our understanding of the relationship between Anglo-Saxon and Norse textual cultures. The introduction sets out in detail the rationale for examining runes in poetry as a literary motif and surveys the relevant critical debates. The body of the volume is comprised of five linked case studies of runes in poetry, viewing these representations through the paradigm of scriptural reconstruction and the validation of contemporary literary, historical and religious sensibilities.

Inger Lauridsen: Kniplersker, kræmmere og kniplingshandlere – Bidrag til udviklingen i Sønderjylland gennem 400 år

Inger Lauridsen: Kniplersker, kræmmere og kniplingshandlere – Bidrag til udviklingen i Sønderjylland gennem 400 år

542 sider, Museum Sønderjylland.

 

Tekstilhistorie er ikke det, som historikere har behandlet mest, selvom det har stor interesse hos os arkæologer. Kniplinger har først med denne bog fået skrevet sin historie. Det er historien om et primært landhåndværk, som har haft stor vigtighed fra det kan spores i 1600-tallet og frem i 1700-tallet, hvor det havde så stor betydning, at det havde kongelig bevågenhed. Med industrialiseringen faldt bunden ud af håndværket, der dog har overlevet i mindre professionel sammenhæng.

April 2016

Phillip N. Haberkern: Patron Saint and Prophet - Jan Hus in the Bohemian and German Reformations

Phillip N. Haberkern: Patron Saint and Prophet - Jan Hus in the Bohemian and German Reformations (Ny)
352 sider, Oxford Academic Press.

Should be displayed at meetings of: Sixteenth Century Society, American Society of Church History, Medieval Institute Conference at Kalamazoo, Medieval Academy of America

Offers the most sustained available comparison between the Bohemian and German reformations

Counters traditional depictions of the Czech Utraquist church and Bohemian reformation as merely a forerunner of the Reformation in the sixteenth century

 

Jeffrey L. Forgeng (translator):The Book of Horsemanship by Duarte I of Portugal

Jeffrey L. Forgeng (translator):The Book of Horsemanship by Duarte I of Portugal (Ny)
180 sider, Boydell Press.

Written around 1430, Duarte of Portugal's remarkable treatise on chivalric horsemanship, the Livro do Cavalgar (Book on Riding), is the sole substantial contemporary source to survive on the definitive physical skill of the medieval knight. It also stands out from the body of technical writings of the Middle Ages for its intelligence, insight, and intellectual versatility, ranging from psychological reflections on horsemanship and its implications for human ethics, to the details of how to couch a lance under the arm without getting it caught on armour. Under the general rubric of horsemanship Duarte covers a range of topics that include jousting, tourneying, and hunting, as well as the physical apparatus of equestrianism and various cultural styles of riding.
However, despite its importance for scholarship, its language and technical content have so far resisted proper translation, a need which this book fills. The introduction provides not only the background to make Duarte's text comprehensible, but for the first time offers modern audiences a systematic point of access to the subject of medieval equestrianism in general.

 

Marts 2016

Alice Taylor: The Shape of the State in Medieval Scotland, 1124-1290

Alice Taylor: The Shape of the State in Medieval Scotland, 1124-1290 (Ny)
560 sider, Oxford Academic Press.

The first full account of the development of royal government in Scotland during the 12th and 13th centuries

Uses the evidence of medieval Scottish law, which has previously been misunderstood or ignored

Integrates detailed manuscript study with broad and important historical narratives, such as state formation

Uses Scotland as a way into understanding the form and development of European governments

 

Paul Strathern: The Medici: Power, Money, and Ambition in the Italian Renaissance

Paul Strathern: The Medici: Power, Money, and Ambition in the Italian Renaissance
430 sider, Pegasus Books.

A vivid, dramatic, and authoritative account of perhaps the most influential family in Italian history: the Medici.

A dazzling history of the modest family that rose to become one of the most powerful in Europe, The Medici is a remarkably modern story of power, money, and ambition. Against the background of an age that saw the rebirth of ancient and classical learning Paul Strathern explores the intensely dramatic rise and fall of the Medici family in Florence, as well as the Italian Renaissance which they did so much to sponsor and encourage.

Strathern also follows the lives of many of the great Renaissance artists with whom the Medici had dealings, including Leonardo, Michelangelo and Donatello; as well as scientists like Galileo and Pico della Mirandola; and the fortunes of those members of the Medici family who achieved success away from Florence, including the two Medici popes and Catherine de' Médicis, who became Queen of France and played a major role in that country through three turbulent reigns.

 

Februar 2016

Richard A. McCabe: 'Ungainefull Arte' - Poetry, Patronage, and Print in the Early Modern Era

Richard A. McCabe: 'Ungainefull Arte' - Poetry, Patronage, and Print in the Early Modern Era (Ny)
400 sider, Oxford Academic Press.

Provides wide chronological coverage from Caxton to Jonson

Discusses patronage from the different viewpoints of the patron, poet, coterie, court, printer, and book-market

Pays close attention to the language, tropes, and themes of patronage and the rhetoric of paratexts

Considers the material qualities of the presentation copy with plentiful illustrations from manuscript and print

Includes an extensive bibliography

Laura Cleaver: Education in Twelfth-Century Art and Architecture - Images of Learning in Europe, c.1100-1220

Laura Cleaver: Education in Twelfth-Century Art and Architecture - Images of Learning in Europe, c.1100-1220
248 sider, Boydell & Brewer.

On the facade of Chartres cathedral serene personifications of the arts of grammar, rhetoric, dialectic, music, arithmetic, geometry and astronomy present passers-by with a vision of education as an improving process leading to greater knowledge of God. The arts proved a popular subject in medieval imagery, and were included in manuscripts, stained-glass and luxury metalwork objects as well as on the facades of churches. These idealized figures contrast with many textual accounts of education, in which authors recorded the hardships of student poverty and the temptations of drink and women to be found in the cities where teachers were increasingly establishing themselves.
This book considers how and why education was explored in the art and architecture of the twelfth century. Through analysis of imagery in a wide range of media, it examines how teachers and students sought to use images to enhance their reputations and the status of their studies. It also investigates how the ideal models often set out in imagery compared with contemporary practice in an era that saw significant changes, beginning with a shift away from monastic education and culminating in the appearance of the first universities.

Januar 2016

Peter Elmer: Witchcraft, Witch-Hunting, and Politics in Early Modern England

Peter Elmer: Witchcraft, Witch-Hunting, and Politics in Early Modern England (Ny)
384 sider, Oxford Academic Press.

An original overview of the place of witchcraft and witch-hunting in early modern England

Employs new evidence from a range of archives, both local and national

Looks at familiar figures/trials associated with witchcraft in new ways

Wide-ranging geographically and chronologically

 

Birger Stichelbaut & David Cowley (eds.): Conflict Landscapes and Archaeology from Above

Birger Stichelbaut & David Cowley (eds.): Conflict Landscapes and Archaeology from Above
336 sider, Routeledge.

The study of conflict archaeology has developed rapidly over the last decade, fuelled in equal measure by technological advances and creative analytical frameworks. Nowhere is this truer than in the inter-disciplinary fields of archaeological practice that combine traditional sources such as historical photographs and maps with 3D digital topographic data from Airborne Laser Scanning (ALS) and large scale geophysical prospection. For twentieth-century conflict landscapes and their surviving archaeological remains, these developments have encouraged a shift from a site oriented approach towards landscape-scaled research. This volume brings together an wide range of perspectives, setting traditional approaches that draw on historical and contemporary aerial photographs alongside cutting-edge prospection techniques, cross-disciplinary analyses and innovative methods of presenting this material to audiences. Essays from a range of disciplines (archaeology, history, geography, heritage and museum studies) studying conflict landscapes across the globe throughout the twentieth century, all draw on aerial and landscape perspectives to past conflicts and their legacy and the complex issues for heritage management. Organized in four parts, the first three sections take a broadly chronological approach, exploring the use of aerial evidence to expand our understanding of the two World Wars and the Cold War. The final section explores ways that the aerial perspective can be utilized to represent historical landscapes to a wide audience. With case studies ranging from the Western Front to the Cold War, Ireland to Russia, this volume demonstrates how an aerial perspective can both support and challenge traditional archaeological and historical analysis, providing an innovative new means of engaging with the material culture of conflict and commemoration.

 

Sonja Hukantaival:

Sonja Hukantaival: "For a Witch Cannot Cross Such a Threshold!". Building Concealment Traditions in Finland c. 1200–1950
396 sider, Vaasa.

The study discusses objects deliberately concealed in buildings in Finland during its historical period (c. 1200–1950 CE). The phenomenon is connected with folk religion and especially with a need to protect the household from outside malicious effects. The goals are, first, to map the phenomenon of ritual building concealments in order to discover its extent, manifestations, and possible regional and chronological variations. The more specific hermeneutic aim is to discuss the motives, meanings, and internal logic of the concealments, as well as possible changes in their meanings. The concealment tradition is also studied in its wider contexts of society and worldview. One special aim, from the viewpoint of archaeology, is to introduce a theoretical framework and develop a contextual multi-source method suitable for studying historical folk religion as part of the archaeology of religion.

 

Kathleen Ann Tonry: Agency and Intention in English Print 1476–1526

Kathleen Ann Tonry: Agency and Intention in English Print 1476–1526

241 sider, Brepols.

 

Spredningen af trykkekunsten fra det tyske område efter opfindelsen af trykkepressen er et dybt interessant emne. Bogen af Kathleen har et engelsk fokus, og har et bredt materiale af bevarede trykte bøger som grundlag for forfatterens arbejde. I bogen studeres den energiske tid lige før reforma-tionen for at undersøge en engelsk tradition bl.a. for at se på hvor stor den individuelle trykker har påvirket det trykte materiale, som kan sammenlig-nes med den begyndende trykkekunst, der kom mere direkte til Danmark fra det tyske område i samme periode.

 

2016

Ole Færch: Hald Lens regnskab 1541-46

Ole Færch: Hald Lens regnskab 1541-46

1190 sider, Viborg Museum.

 

De tre bind udgør en kildeudgivelse om det største af de jyske len i period-en. I det første præsenteres en oversigt over område, besidelser, personer og meget mere. Alt hvad der skal til for at forstå de følgende to bind. De to efterfølgende bind er hovedkilden, hvor regnskabet på ca. 1000 sider er afskrevet i originalsproget. Bd. 2 er hovedkilden mens bd. 3 er det eneste år, hvor der er en lavet en revision i de præsenterede år. Vi kan takke for-fatteren for en ordningen og præsentationen af en utrolig kilde. T. Bang skrev i 1914-1916 bindet af Fortid og Nutid om kilden, at den var ” måske de mest interessante af lensregnskaberne pga. det inddragne gods fra Viborg Stift, men deres ordning er så indviklet, at det næsten er umuligt at finde sig til rette i dem”.

 

2015

Gervase Rosser: The Art of Solidarity in the Middle Ages - Guilds in England 1250-1550

Gervase Rosser: The Art of Solidarity in the Middle Ages - Guilds in England 1250-1550 (Ny)
256 sider, Oxford Academic Press.

The only title to address the subject of medieval guilds by focussing on individuals and their motivations in joining these fraternities

Offers an accessible account of medieval guilds which contextualizes the subject within larger historical issues

Takes a comparative approach, setting the English guilds in their wider European context

Draws parallels behind the medieval debates about the individual and 'society' and the same debates in contemporary society

 

George Molyneaux: The Formation of the English Kingdom in the Tenth Century

George Molyneaux: The Formation of the English Kingdom in the Tenth Century (Ny)
336 sider, Oxford Academic Press.

The only modern study devoted to the question of how the English kingdom was formed

Offers an original interpretation of a fundamental period in English history

Integrates evidence from coins, archaeology, and a very wide variety of written sources

Challenges established assumptions about English exceptionalism compared to other parts of Europe

 

William of Malmesbury, ed and translated by; Michael Winterbottom, R.M. Thomson: Miracles of the Blessed Virgin Mary

William of Malmesbury, ed and translated by; Michael Winterbottom, R.M. Thomson: Miracles of the Blessed Virgin Mary (Ny)
356 sider, Boydell Press.

This is the first title in the new series Boydell Medieval Texts, which will provide scholarly editions of major works with facing translation.
Written c. 1135 by the Benedictine monk, historian and scholar William of Malmesbury (d. 1143), The Miracles of the Blessed Virgin Mary is of interest on several counts. It belongs in the first wave of collected miracles of the Virgin, produced by English Benedictine monks in the 1120s and '30s. These collections were to be influential across Europe and through the rest of the medieval period. Only two copies of William's work survive in anything like its complete form, and only one of them represents the finished product. But many of the stories were also transmitted separately, in groups or individually; the systematic use of this evidence is a feature of this new text.
The work is written in elegant Latin and embellished with William's customary erudition, including frequent quotations and echoes from (sometimes unusual) ancient authors. His instinct as a historian is to the fore, as he tries to establish historical context and credibility for his stories. Above all, the scope of the collection is surprisingly international, including stories drawn from all around the Mediterranean.
This is an important document in the history of Marian devotion in medieval Europe. In his long Prologue (which enjoyed some independent circulation), William argues strongly for the Virgin's Immaculate Conception and bodily Assumption, doctrines still not generally accepted in western Europe at the time.

Jens Christian Moesgaard: King Harold's Cross Coinage: Christian Coins for the Merchants of Haithabu and the King's Soldiers

Jens Christian Moesgaard: King Harold's Cross Coinage: Christian Coins for the Merchants of Haithabu and the King's Soldiers (Ny)
320 sider, Syddansk Universitetsforlag.

About AD 975/980, Harold Bluetooth, King of Denmark c.958-c.987, introduced the first nationwide coinage in Denmark. The iconography of the coins was clearly Christian with cross motifs, reflecting the King's conversion c.962/963. This coinage rapidly played a very important role in the currency as reflected in the composition of hoards from almost all parts of the country, from Northern and Western Jutland to Scania. This wide distribution confirms the statement on the King's great rune stone in Jelling, claiming that Harold won for himself all of Denmark. This book presents a detailed analysis of the coin hoards buried in Denmark and Scania during King Harold's reign, followed by a discussion of the coinage and its function in contemporary Denmark. Recent metal detector and excavation discoveries suggest that the Cross coins were struck in Haithabu, which must have been under firm Danish control throughout the period of production. In this thriving trading place, the coins were used by number in a managed currency, in contrast to the dominant weight economy (coins and other silver artifacts used at weight) in the rest of Denmark. Moreover, King Harold very likely used the coinage for payments to the magnates of his kingdom. The distribution of the coinage was also facilitated by the dearth of silver that followed the decline in the import of Islamic dirhams from Central Asia via Russia in the 960s. The result was a widespread circulation of the Cross coins, which in turn meant the propagation of Christian images via a small and easily exchanged medium.

A.T. Brown, Andy Burn, Rob Doherty (eds.): Crises in Economic and Social History - A Comparative Perspective

A.T. Brown, Andy Burn, Rob Doherty (eds.): Crises in Economic and Social History - A Comparative Perspective
420 sider, Boydell & Brewer.

This collection of essays brings together historians examining social and economic crises from the thirteenth century to the twenty-first. Crisis is an almost ubiquitous concept for historians, applicable across (amongst others) the histories of agriculture, disease, finance and trade. Yet there has been little attempt to compare its use as an explanatory tool between these discrete fields of research. This volume breaks down the boundaries between traditional historical time periods and sub-disciplines of history to examine the ways in which past societies have coped with crises, and the role of crisis in generating economic and social change.
Should we conceptualise a medieval agrarian or financial crisis differently from their modern counterparts? Were there similarities in how contemporaries responded to famine or outbreaks of disease? How comparable are crises within households, within institutions, or across national and international networks of trade? Contributors examine how crises have shaped economic and social life in a range of studies from the Great Depression in 1930s Latin America to the outbreak of plague in seventeenth-century central Europe, and from sheep and cattle murrain in fourteenth-century England to the Northern Rock building society collapse of 2007.

Susan Signe Morrison: A Medieval Woman's Companion: Women's Lives in the European Middle Ages

Susan Signe Morrison: A Medieval Woman's Companion: Women's Lives in the European Middle Ages
176 sider, Oxbow Books.

Focusing on women from Western Europe between c. 300 and 1500 CE in the medieval period and richly carpeted with detail, A Medieval Woman's Companion offers a wealth of information about real medieval women who are now considered vital for understanding the Middle Ages in a full and nuanced way. Short biographies of 20 medieval women illustrate how they have anticipated and shaped current concerns, including access to education; creative emotional outlets such as art, theater, romantic fiction, and music; marriage and marital rights; fertility, pregnancy, childbirth, contraception and gynecology; sex trafficking and sexual violence; the balance of work and family; faith; and disability. Their legacy abides until today in attitudes to contemporary women that have their roots in the medieval period. The final chapter suggests how 20th and 21st century feminist and gender theories can be applied to and complicated by medieval women's lives and writings.

 

M. Kowaleski, J. Langdon, P. R. Schofield (eds.): Peasants and Lords in the Medieval English Economy. Essays in Honour of Bruce M. S. Campbell.

M. Kowaleski, J. Langdon, P. R. Schofield (eds.): Peasants and Lords in the Medieval English Economy. Essays in Honour of Bruce M. S. Campbell.

435 sider, Brepols.

 

Bogen er en hyldest til en af de store forskere indenfor studiet af den engel-ske økonomi. De mange forfattere i bogen har behandlet mange aspekter af den engelske økonomi inspireret ud fra Campbells arbejder. De forskellige artikler er delt ind i fire dele:
Lords, Peasants, and Agricultural Performance; Lords and Villeins; Pea-sants, Lords, and Markets; Peasants, Poverty, and the Environment.
Bogen kan bruges til at skabe dybde og bruges til sammenligning med  den viden, som vi har fra arbejdet med de danske forhold ud fra kilder, som sjældent er bevaret i de danske arkiver.

 

2014

Mogens Andresen & Troels Svendsen: Det Kongelige Kapel - Verdens ældste orkester

Mogens Andresen & Troels Svendsen: Det Kongelige Kapel - Verdens ældste orkester (Ny)
280 sider, Det Kongelige Kapels Forening.

Det Kongelige Kapel er verdens ældste orkester – det begyndte i 1448 som trompeterkorps og er i dag opera- og symfoniorkester tilknyttet operaen i København.

Dets lange historie fortælles i korte, selvstændige afsnit centreret om musikerne – flere end tusinde har været ansat gennem tiden, blandt dem farverige personligheder, der ind i mellem også fungerede som officerer, gøglere og gesandter under deres arbejdsgivere, som indtil 1849 var de danske konger. Blandt medlemmerne finder vi verdensberømte komponister lige fra John Dowland og Heinrich Schütz til Niels W. Gade og Carl Nielsen. 

Bogen er rigt illustreret med dele af den kunstskat, der omgiver Det Kongelige Kapel i dets dagligdag, og som i stor udstrækning forestiller kapelmedlemmerne selv. Der er malerier og tegninger af blandt andre C.W. Eckersberg, Louis Aumont, P.S. Krøyer, Michael Ancher, Erik Henningsen, Carlo Rosberg, Harald Isenstein og Henrik Bloch – flere af dem her offentliggjort for første gang. 

Karsten Skjold Petersen: Kongens klæder - Hærens uniformer og udrustning i Danmark-Norge

Karsten Skjold Petersen: Kongens klæder - Hærens uniformer og udrustning i Danmark-Norge (Ny)
720 sider, Historika.

Hvornår indførtes de karakteristiske røde uniformskjoler i den dansk-norske hær, og hvornår forsvandt de lige så karakteristiske trekantede hatte? Hvordan så en general ud i 1770’erne og en menig infanterist i 1807?

Med Kongens klæder gives for første gang i bogform en fuldstændig og rigt illustreret oversigt over uniformer og udrustning ved alle den dansk-norske hærs afdelinger indtil adskillelsen efter Napoleonskrigene.

For hver våbenart og afdeling gennemgår værket den organisatoriske udvikling og giver en grundig beskrivelse af uniformerne for alle personelgrupper: Officerer, underofficerer, menige, musikere og spillemænd.

Det omfattende værk er udgivet i stort format og illustreret med næsten tusind samtidige tegninger, stik, malerier samt fotografier af bevarede våben og uniformer. Værket er desuden udstyret med en række oversigter over bl.a. uniformsterminologi på hovedsprogene, kendingsfarver og uniformsdele.

 

Allen J. Frantzen: Food, Eating and Identity in Early Medieval England

Allen J. Frantzen: Food, Eating and Identity in Early Medieval England
304 sider, Boydell Press.

Food in the Middle Ages usually evokes images of feasting, speeches, and special occasions, even though most evidence of food culture consists of fragments of ordinary things such as knives, cooking pots, and grinding stones, which are rarely mentioned by contemporary writers. This book puts daily life and its objects at the centre of the food world. It brings together archaeological and textual evidence to show how words and implements associated with food contributed to social identity at all levels of Anglo-Saxon society. It also looks at the networks which connected fields to kitchens and linked rural centres to trading sites. Fasting, redesigned field systems, and the place of fish in the diet are examined in a wide-ranging, interdisciplinary inquiry into the power of food to reveal social complexity.